World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Principality of Taranto

Principality of Taranto
Principato di Taranto
Vassal of Kingdom of Sicily

Capital Taranto
Government Principality
 •  1088–1111 Bohemond I (first)
 •  1463–1465 Isabella of Clermont (last)
 •  Established 1088
 •  Death of Isabella of Clermont 30 March 1465

The Principality of Taranto was a state in southern Italy created in 1088 for Bohemond I, eldest son of Robert Guiscard, as part of the peace between him and his younger brother Roger Borsa after a dispute over the succession to the Duchy of Apulia.

Taranto became the capital of the principality, which covered almost all of the heel of Apulia. During its subsequent 377 years of history, it was sometimes a powerful and almost independent feudal fief of the Kingdom of Sicily (and later of Naples), sometimes only a title, often given to the heir to the crown or to the husband of a reigning queen. When the House of Anjou was divided, Taranto fell to the house of Durazzo (1394–1463).

Ferdinand I of Naples united the Principality of Taranto to the Kingdom of Naples at the death of his wife, Isabella of Clermont. The principality came to an end, but the kings of Naples continued giving the title of Prince of Taranto to their sons, firstly to the future Alfonso II of Naples, eldest son of Isabella.


  • Counts 1
  • Princes 2
    • Hauteville (Altavilla) dynasty 2.1
    • Hohenstaufen (Svevia) dynasty 2.2
    • Angevin (Angiò) dynasty 2.3
    • Baux (Del Balzo) dynasty 2.4
    • Welf or Brunswick (Este del Guelfo) dynasty 2.5
    • Orsini dynasty 2.6
  • Princesses 3
  • See also 4



Hauteville (Altavilla) dynasty

  • 1088 - Bohemond I (1054–1111), later Bohemond I prince of the crusader state of Antioch;
  • 1111 - Bohemond II (1108, 1130), also prince of Antioch;
  • 1128 - King Roger II (1093–1154), duke of Apulia, king of Sicily, unifier of Southern Italy;
  • 1132 - Tancred, son of Roger II, prince of Bari, received the principality from his father;
  • 1138 - William I, later king of Sicily, son of Roger II, became prince of Taranto at the death of his brother Tancred;
  • 1144 - Simon, son of Roger II, became prince of Taranto when his brother William became prince of Capua and Duke of Apulia;
  • 1157 - William II, later king of Sicily;
  • 1189 - King Tancred of Sicily
  • 1194 - William III, king of Sicily (deposed), Count of Lecce;

Hohenstaufen (Svevia) dynasty

Angevin (Angiò) dynasty

  • 1266 - King Charles I (1227–1285), defeated Manfred and was created King of Sicily by the pope;
  • 1285 - King Charles II (1248–1309), son of Charles I, king of Naples;
  • 1294 - Philip I (1278–1332), son of Charles II, and titular Latin Emperor;
  • 1332 - Robert of Taranto (1299–1364), son of Philip I;
  • 1346 - Louis of Taranto (1308–1362), son of Philip I, simultaneously king of Naples;
  • 1364 - Philip II (1329–1374), son of Philip I, and titular Latin Emperor;
    • 1356 - Philip III, son of Philip II, died in his youth, the title returned to his father;

Baux (Del Balzo) dynasty

  • 1374 - James of Baux, nephew of Philip II, and titular Latin Emperor;

Welf or Brunswick (Este del Guelfo) dynasty

Orsini dynasty


See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.