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Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant

Prince Leopold
Duke of Brabant
Prince Leopold
Full name
Léopold Ferdinand Élie Victor Albert Marie
House House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Leopold II of Belgium
Mother Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria
Born (1859-06-12)12 June 1859
Laeken Palace, Laeken, Belgium
Died 22 January 1869(1869-01-22) (aged 9)
Laeken Palace, Laeken, Belgium
Burial Church of Our Lady of Laeken, Laeken, Belgium
Religion Roman Catholicism

Prince Leopold of Belgium, Duke of Brabant, Count of Hainaut (Léopold Ferdinand Élie Victor Albert Marie (French) or Leopold Ferdinand Elias Viktor Albert Maria (Dutch); 12 June 1859 in Laeken – 22 January 1869 in Laeken or Brussels), was the second child and only son and heir apparent of Leopold II of Belgium and his wife, Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria.

Leopold was named for his grandfather, and for his father's cousins, Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha,and Prince Albert, the Prince Consort.


  • Early life 1
  • Duke of Brabant 2
  • Death 3
  • Titles 4
  • Ancestry 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Belgian Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Leopold I
Leopold II
Albert I
Leopold III
Albert II

At birth, Leopold was styled Count of Hainaut, as the eldest son of the then crown prince. At the time of his birth, his grandfather, Leopold I of Belgium, formerly a Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the reigning king of Belgium.

Leopold was preceded in birth by one sister, Louise, and followed by two more sisters, Stéphanie, and Clémentine, who was born after Leopold's death, their parents' last hope for another son.

Duke of Brabant

Upon the death of his grandfather and the ascension of his father to the throne in 1865, young Leopold became Duke of Brabant, the title for the heir-apparent to the Belgian throne. As heir-apparent, he was expected to eventually succeed his father as King Leopold III of the Belgians.


Leopold died at Laeken or Brussels on 22 January 1869 from pneumonia, after falling into a pond. At his son's funeral, Leopold II "broke down in public, collapsing to his knees beside the coffin and sobbing uncontrollably."[1] Leopold's body was interred at the royal vault at the Church of Our Lady of Laeken in Brussels.

Leopold's premature death left his father with only two daughters remaining: Princess Louise and Princess Stéphanie. After their son's death, Leopold and Marie Henriette tried to have another child, hoping for a son. After the birth of yet another daughter, Clémentine, in 1872, the couple abandoned all hopes of ever having another son.

Upon his death, Leopold II was succeeded by his nephew, Albert, whose eldest son would later succeed him as Leopold III.


  • 12 June 1859 – 10 December 1865: His Royal Highness The Count of Hainaut, Prince of Belgium, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke in Saxony
  • 10 December 1865 – 22 January 1869 : His Royal Highness The Duke of Brabant, Prince of Belgium, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke in Saxony


16. Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
8. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
17. Duchess Sophie Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
4. Leopold I of Belgium
18. Heinrich XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf
9. Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf
19. Karoline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg
2. Leopold II of Belgium
20. Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
10. Louis-Philippe of France
21. Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon
5. Louise d'Orléans
22. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
11. Maria Amalia of Naples
23. Maria Carolina of Austria
1. Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant
24. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
12. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
25. Maria Theresa of Austria
6. Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary
26. Charles III of Spain
13. Maria Luisa of Spain
27. Maria Amalia of Saxony
3. Marie Henriette of Austria
28. Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
14. Duke Louis of Württemberg
29. Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
7. Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg
30. Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
15. Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg (1780-1857)
31. Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau


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External links

Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant
Born: 12 June 1859 Died: 22 January 1869
Belgian royalty
New title Count of Hainaut
Title next held by
Preceded by
Leopold II
Duke of Brabant
Title next held by
Leopold III
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