World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Population ethics

Article Id: WHEBN0017250163
Reproduction Date:

Title: Population ethics  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Physiological density, Population and Environment, Human overpopulation, Overshoot (population), World Population Foundation
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Population ethics

Population ethics is the philosophical study of the ethical problems concerning populations. It is also sometimes called population axiology, which is "the theory of when one state of affairs is better than another, where the states of affairs may differ over the number of people who ever live".[1] It deals with the special problems that arise when actions or policies cannot be said to affect individual persons but merely to substitute one group of people with another. Such problems usually only arise when our actions affect future generations.

“Most discussion in population ethics has concentrated on how to evaluate populations in regard to their goodness, that is, how to order populations by the relations “is better than” and “is as good as”. This field has been riddled with paradoxes which purport to show that our considered beliefs are inconsistent in cases where the number of people and their welfare varies.”[2]

Population ethics is especially important when making large-scale decisions like those regarding climate policy.[3]

See also

External links

  • Population Ethics, Aggregate Welfare, and the Repugnant Conclusion
  • The Repugnant Conclusion in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • On the Buddhist Truths and the Paradoxes in Population Ethics

References

  1. ^ Greaves, Hilary. "Comparing existence and nonexistence". http://users.ox.ac.uk/~mert2255/talks/existence.pdf
  2. ^ Arrhenius Gustav, 2004, The paradoxes of future generations and normative theory, in The repugnant conclusion, essays on population ethics, p.201, Dordrecht, Holland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  3. ^ Population Ethics: Theory and Practice. Future of Humanity Institute, University of Oxford. http://www.populationethics.org/


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.