World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ponkunnam

Article Id: WHEBN0004193076
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ponkunnam  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kanjirappally, Palai, Kottayam district, Puthiyakavu Devi Temple, Chirakkadavu Sree Mahadeva Temple
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ponkunnam

Ponkunnam
Town
Ponkunnam is located in Kerala
Ponkunnam
Ponkunnam
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kottayam
Government
 • Body Chirakadavu Panchayath
Population (2012)
 • Total 26,121
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
 • Other Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 686506
Telephone code 04828
Vehicle registration KL-34
Nearest city Kottayam, Kanjirappally.
Literacy 99.8%
Website www.ponkunnamtown.in

Ponkunnam (Malayalam: പൊന്‍കുന്നം) is a census town in the eastern high-ranges of Kerala, India, part of Kottayam district under Kanjirappally Taluk. Ponkunnam literally means 'The Town on a Golden Mountain' (Ponn = Gold, Kunn = Mountain). Nearby towns are Kanjirappally, Manimala and Pala. This part of Kerala is famous for its fertile land and rubber plantations. It is at an altitude of 495 feet above mean sea level.

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • Religious places 2
  • Notable persons 3
  • Economy 4
  • Transport 5
    • Road 5.1
    • Railway 5.2
    • Air 5.3
  • References 6
  • See also 7
  • External links 8

Overview

Ponkunnam is a part of Kanjirappally constituency in legislative assembly (earlier it was part of the Vazhoor constituency) and Dr. N. Jayaraj of Kerala Congress(M) is the current MLA. It is a part of Chirakkadavu grama panchayath. NH 220 (Kollam-Kottarakkara-Kottayam-Theni), the former K.K road (KottayamKumily road), passes through the town. Kottayam is around 34 km. The K.K road is an easy route to Madurai in Tamil Nadu. The Main Eastern Highway (Punalur–Pathanamthitta–Muvattupuzha Road SH – No. 2) meets NH 220 at Ponkunnam. Ponkunnam is well connected to almost all the places of Kerala, by road. Thekkady is 83 km from here.

The famous novelist and short story writer Ponkunnam Varkey lived here. Kerala Congress leader Eapen Jacob contested unsuccessfully from Kanjirappally Constituency in 1979 (worked as a KSC President, KYF State President, Kerala Congress Karshaka Union State president, Handy Craft Corporation Chairman, Kerala Financial Corporation Director Board Member (K F C), Kerala Congress State General Seccretry etc lived in here. Ponkunnam Damodaran, a famous poet, was born here. K.P.A.C Ravi, an actor Cum Singer, is from Ponkunnam. Malayalam film actor Babu Antony and his brother Thampi Antony hail from Ponkunnam. Famous lyricist and music director M. D. Rajendran also hails from here.

Ponkunnam has all religious communities (Hindus,Syrian Christians,and Muslims) which are mostly agrarian. Though falling well within the traditional Syrian Catholic belt of eastern Kerala, Ponkunnam has a large population of Hindus, mainly concentrated in and around the town area. The region was relatively scarcely inhabited, and much of it was under dense forest cover about a century ago. The agriculturalists from Kanjirapally and other regions of the Meenachil Taluk had already begun occupying the surrounding areas of the present Ponkunnam by then, clearing forests and setting up farms as part of the agrarian expansion of the late 19th century. It was during this period that many Hindus, mostly Nair families from other places in Central Travancore, relocated to Ponkunnam & Chirakkadavu. They too engaged in agriculture and related occupations. In the later years of the 20th century, the Hindu population of Ponkunnam increased substantially, owing to migrations to the region. However, the agrarian Syrian Catholic community did not lose their prominence in Ponkunnam town, but shared it with the Hindus. Various caste based organizations such as the NSS played a major role in augmenting the Hindu community of Ponkunnam by encouraging settlements in the region. The NSS and its founder often saw the Catholic Syrian Christians as their 'reference community', whose pattern of organization and spirit of hardwork they wished to emulate.

The old name was Chirakadavu Vadakkum Bhagam. The name Ponkunnam was coined by Magistare T.Pappu Pillai about 100 years back, while inaugurating the vegetable market. The late A.K. Patchu Pillai is the father of modern Ponkunnam. Karippaaparambil Dominic Thommen (Dummini Vakil), Pangappattu S. Ramanatha Pillai, Mulavelil Neelakanda Pillai, P.R. Rajagopal, Ex Minister & the 1st opposition leader of Kerala - P.T. Chacko and the 1st woman M.L.A of modern Kerala - Rosamma Punnose (born Karippaparambil Rosamma Cheriyan) were leading advocates of Ponkunnam Bar. The late P.N. Krishna Pillai, Punnamparambil was the first qualified doctor of Ponkunnam. The operation theater of Kanjirappally Taluk Hospital is built in his memory. Palayakunnel Vaidyans were famous Ayurveda physicians. Dr. C.P.S. Pillai, Chappamattam is the most senior modern medical practitioner. Vidvan A.P. Karunakaran Nair is a famous Sanskrit scholar.

KVMS, Santhi Nikethan and Sri Hari are the three hospitals in Ponkunnam Town. Cutis Care, Skin and Cosmetology Clinic run by Dr. Jaya Maria Thampy and ENT Clinic run by Dr. James Vechoor are the two Modern Medicine Clinics in Ponkunnam Town. Ponkunnam is developing rapidly towards Kanjirappally with the new state-of-the-art shopping complexes and office towers and relocation of banks from the town centre due to traffic congestion. The government offices such as Panchayat, water authority, electricity board etc., are located at KVMS junction. A possibility is that in a short span of 5 years the two towns, Ponkunnam and Kanjirappally may be joined with all commercial and hospitality businesses.

Religious places

  • Holy Family Syro Malabar Church - near KSRTC bus station.
  • Chirakkadavu Mahadeva Temple, is on the way to Manimala, nearly 3 km.s from Ponkunnam Town
  • Ponkunnam Puthiyakavu Temple is near the Ponkunnam private bus stand.
  • Orthodox church is on the Ponkunnam–Thampalakkad road.
  • Mosque is near Ponkunnam bus stand & in Manimala road.

Notable persons

Economy

Agriculture is very important in Ponkunnam. Rubber plantation is mainly done by the people. People living in town have good salary jobs.

Transport

Road

Here, there is one KSRTC Bus stand and one private bus stand. Daily, there are many buses to Kottayam, Changanassery, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Banglore and also to the nearest cities Kanjirappally, Erumely etc.. KSRTC operates a chain service to Pala. KSRTC also operates a chain service from Kottayam to Kumily via Ponkunnam.

Railway

The nearest railway stations are Kottayam (33 km) and Changanassery (38 km).

Air

The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport, Kochi (94 km).

References

See also

External links

www.ponkunnamtown.in

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.