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Politics of Greenland

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Title: Politics of Greenland  
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Subject: Greenland, Greenlandic home rule referendum, 1979, Politics of Greenland, Democrats (Greenland), LGBT rights in Greenland
Collection: Politics of Denmark, Politics of Greenland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Politics of Greenland

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Politics of Greenland takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic Danish dependency.[1] The Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Greenland is a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979. Executive power is exercised by the government.

Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Greenland (known as Inatsisartut). The party system is dominated by the social democratic Forward, the separatist and socialist Inuit Community and the conservative liberal and unionist Feeling of Community. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.


  • Executive branch 1
  • Legislative branch 2
  • Judicial branch 3
  • Administrative divisions 4
  • Diplomatic representations 5
  • See also 6
    • International organization participation 6.1
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Executive branch

The monarch of Denmark is also head of state of Greenland. She is represented by a High Commissioner, appointed by her. The Prime Minister is elected by Parliament and leads the Naalakkersuisut (Government of Greenland).
Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
Queen Margarethe II of Denmark 14 January 1972
High Commissioner Mikaela Engell 1 April 2005
Prime Minister Aleqa Hammond Siumut 12 June 2009

Legislative branch

Greenland has a unicameral Parliament or Landsting (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms). Two representatives are elected to the Parliament of Denmark by the Greenlandic people, this happens every time there is a general election in Denmark. Currently these two members come from these parties: Siumut 1, Inuit Ataqatigiit 1.

Judicial branch

High Court or Landsret.

Administrative divisions

Diplomatic representations

With Denmark having responsibility for Greenland's international affairs, other countries do not have direct diplomatic representation in Greenland—their embassies or consulates in Denmark are responsible for their relations with Greenland and their citizens in Greenland. Greenland is represented internationally by the embassies and consulates of Denmark, although Greenland does directly participate in some Nordic organisations which provide membership for dependent territories.

See also

International organization participation


  1. ^ Greenland Country Profile International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) ElectioGuide

External links

  • Greenland Home Rule official government website (in English)
  • from the Greenland Tourism & Business Council
  • Statistics Greenland
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