World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Political parties in Russia

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

This article lists political parties in Russia. Russia has a multi-party system. Currently there are four parties that make up the federal parliament, the State Duma, with one dominant party (United Russia).

After Right Cause. Before 2011 parliamentary elections, about 10 opposition parties were refused in registration. But after a series of mass protests and thanks to a 2011 European Court decision on Case of the Republican Party of Russia, the law was changed and the number of registered parties quickly increased to more than 48 in December 2012. About 200 parties are in creation stage (as 2012) according to the Justice Ministry website.


  • History 1
    • Party of power 1.1
  • Legislation 2
  • Social composition of voters 3
  • Registered parties 4
    • Currently represented in the State Duma 4.1
    • Currently represented in regional parliaments 4.2
    • All currently registered parties 4.3
  • Parties without official registration 5
    • Parties currently in creation 5.1
    • Active unregistered parties 5.2
  • Historical parties 6
    • Banned parties in Russia 6.1
  • Soviet parties 7
  • Parties of the Russian Empire 8
  • Other historical parties 9
  • See also 10
  • Further reading 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13


Party of power

In Russian politics, a "party of power" is a specially established party which unconditionally supports the current president or prime minister in the parliament.

These parties have been considered parties of power:


Certificate of state registration of political parties in Russia, issued by the Ministry of Justice of Russia

Social composition of voters

According to studies, United Russia voters in 2007 were younger and more market-oriented than the average voter. The party's electorate includes a substantial share of government employees, pensioners and military personnel, who are dependent on the state for their livelihood.[1] Sixty-four percent of United Russia supporters are female. According to researchers, this could be because women place a great value on stability. In the run-up to the 2011 Duma elections, it was reported that support for United Russia was growing among young people.[2]

Registered parties

All parties registered by the Ministry of Justice have the right to participate in any elections all over the country. The list is placed on the Justice Ministry website. On December 2012 there are 48 registered parties in Russia, 4 of them are currently represented in the State Duma.

Currently represented in the State Duma

Name Abbr. Ideology Leader MPs
United Russia
Единая Россия
Russian conservatism Vladimir Putin 238
Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации
Communism, Marxism–Leninism, patriotism, left-wing nationalism Gennady Zyuganov 92
Political party LDPR
Политическая партия ЛДПР
Russian nationalism, pan-Slavism, neo-imperialism, mixed economy Vladimir Zhirinovsky 56
A Just Russia
Справедливая Россия
Social democracy, democratic socialism Sergei Mironov 64

Currently represented in regional parliaments

All currently registered parties

[3] Name (Russian name) Abbr. Ideology Affiliations Position Leader(s) Created Registration
1 United Russia
(Единая Россия)
ER (ЕР) Conservatism All-Russia People's Front Centre Dmitry Medvedev,
Vladimir Putin,
Sergey Neverov
2001 2003
2 Communist Party of the Russian Federation
(Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации)
CPRF, KPRF (КПРФ) Communism, Marxism–Leninism, Socialist patriotism, Neo-Stalinism Union of Communist Parties – Communist Party of the Soviet Union Far-left Gennady Zyuganov 1990 2002
3 Political party LDPR
(Политическая партия ЛДПР)
LDPR (ЛДПР) Russian nationalism, Pan-Slavism, Neo–Imperialism, Mixed economy Liberal Democratic Party (Belarus),
Liberal Democratic Party of Pridnestrovie,
National Front (France)[4]
Far-right, syncretic Vladimir Zhirinovsky 1992 2002
4 Patriots of Russia
(Патриоты России)
Social democracy, Left-wing nationalism All-Russia People's Front Left Gennady Semigin 2005 2003
5 Russian United Democratic Party "Yabloko"
(Российская объединенная демократическая партия «Яблоко»)
Social liberalism, Environmentalism Liberal International,
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
Centre-left Sergey Mitrokhin,
Grigory Yavlinsky
1995 2003
6 A Just Russia
(Справедливая Россия)
СР Social democracy, Democratic socialism Socialist International Centre-left Nikolai Levichev,
Sergey Mironov
2006 2002
7 Right Cause
(Правое дело)
ПД Conservatism/Liberal conservatism, Russian nationalism and patriotism elements International Democrat Union (suspended) Right Andrei Dunaev 2008 2009
8 Republican Party of Russia – People's Freedom Party
(Республиканская партия России — Партия народной свободы)
RPR-PARNAS (РПР-ПАРНАС) Liberalism, Liberal democratic, Federalism, Human rights Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (partly) Centre-right Vladimir Ryzhkov,
Mikhail Kasyanov,
Boris Nemtsov
1990 2002
9 Democratic Party of Russia
(Демократическая партия России)
ДПР Conservatism Centre-right Andrei Bogdanov 1990 2012
10 People's Party for the Women of Russia
(Народная партия «За женщин России»)
Neoconservatism Galina Khavrayeva 2012
11 Alliance of Greens and Social Democrats
(Альянс зелёных и социал-демократов)
Green politics, Liberalism European Green Party Gleb Fetisov
Oleg Mitvol
12 Union Towns People
(Союз Горожан)
СГ Dmitry Popkov 2012
13 People's Party of Russia
(Народная партия России)
НПР Centrism Stanislav Aranovich 2012
14 Social Democratic Party of Russia
(Социал-демократическая партия России)
СДПР Social democracy Viktor Militaryov 2012 2012
15 Communist Party of Social Justice
(Коммунистическая партия социальной справедливости)
КПСС Socialism Yury Morozov 2012
16 Party of Pensioners' of Russia
(Партия пенсионеров России)
ППР Nikolay Chebotaryov 2012
17 Cities of Russia
(Города России)
ГРОСС Yury Babak 2012
18 Young Russia
(Молодая Россия)
МОЛРОСС Nikolay Stolyarchuk 2012
19 New Russia
(Новая Россия)
Social liberalism Vyacheslav Grishin 2012
20 Party of Free Citizens
(Партия свободных граждан)
ПСГ Constitutionalism Pavel Sklyanchuk 2012
21 Russian Ecological Party "The Greens"
(Российская экологическая партия «Зелёные»)
РЭП Зелёные Environmentalism, Centrism, Green politics Anatoly Panfilov 1993 2012
22 Communists of Russia
(Коммунисты России)
КОМРОС Marxism−Leninism Maksim Suraykin 2009 2012
23 Agrarian Party of Russia
(Аграрная партия России)
АПР Agrarian socialism, Social conservatism Olga Bashmachnikova
Vladimir Plotnikov
1993 2012
24 Russian All-People's Union
(Российский общенародный союз)
РОС Russian nationalism, Patriotism, Conservatism, partly socialism Sergey Baburin 1991 2012
25 Party for Justice
(Партия за справедливость)
26 Political Party of Social Protection
(Политическая партия социальной защиты)
27 Civilian Power
(Гражданская сила)
Liberalism, Green politics Alexandr Ryavkin 2007 2012
28 Russian Party of Pensioners for Justice
(Российская партия пенсионеров за справедливость)
РППС Social conservatism Igor Zotov 1997 2012
29 Clever Russia
(Умная Россия)
РОСУМ Civil nationalism Nikita Borovikov,
Vasily Yakemenko
30 People's Alliance
(Народный Альянс)
Patriotism 2012
31 Monarchist Party
(Монархическая партия)
Monarchism Anton Bakov 2012
32 Party of Peace and Unity
(Российская политическая Партия Мира и Единства)
ПМЕ Democratic socialism Sazhi Umalatova 1996 2012
33 Civic Platform
(Гражданская платформа)
Liberalism Mikhail Prokhorov 2012 2012
(«ЧЕСТНО» /Человек. Справедливость. Ответственность/)
Sergey Zamuruev 2012
(Партия налогоплательщиков России)
ПНР Yevgeny Sivkov 2012
36 Democratic Choice
(Демократический выбор)
ДВ National liberalism, Liberal conservatism, Civil nationalism Vladimir Milov 2010 2012
37 Will
(Партия Воля)
Narodnik, Democratic socialism, Left conservatism Svetlana Peunova 2007 2012
(Трудовая партия России)
Liberalism, Social conservatism Sergey Vostretsov 2012 2012
39 Against All
Liberal conservatism Pavel Mihalchenkov 2012
40 Russian Socialist Party
(Российская Социалистическая партия)
Sergey Cherkashin 2012 2012
41 Party of Spiritual Transfiguration of Russia
(Партия Духовного Преображения России)
ПДПР Inna Bozhko 2012 2012
42 Party of Veterans of Russia
(Партия ветеранов России)
ПВР Patriotism, Social conservatism 2012
43 Russian United Labour Front
(Российский Объединённый Трудовой Фронт)
ROT Front (РОТ Фронт) Marxism−Leninism, Socialism Viktor Tyulkin 2010 2012
44 Party Action
(Партия дела)
Konstantin Babkin 2012
45 Party of National Security of Russia
(Партия Национальной безопасности России)
ПНБР Alexandr Fedulov 2012
46 Rodina
All-Russia People's Front Aleksey Zhuravlyov 2012
47 Union of Labor
(Союз Труда)
Alexandr Shershukov 2012
48 Russian Party of People's Administration
(Российская партия народного управления)
Albert Mukhamedyarov 2012
49 Women's Dialogue
(Женский Диалог)
Yelena Semerikova 2012
50 Born in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
(Рожденные в Союзе Советских Социалистических Республик)
Communism 2013
51 Party of Renaissance of selo
(Партия Возрождения Села)
52 Defenders of the Fatherland
(Защитники Отечества)
Nikolay Sobolev 2013
53 Cossack's Party of the Russian Federation
(Казачья партия Российской Федерации)
КаПРФ Sergey Bondaryov 2013
54 Development of Russia
(Развитие России)
Aleksey Kaminskiy 2013
55 United Agro-Industrial Party of Russia
(Объединенная аграрно-промышленная партия России)
56 Democratic Legal Russia
(Демократическая правовая Россия)
Igor Trunov 2013
57 Party of Social Solidarity
(Партия Социальной Солидарности)
Alexandr Voznesenskiy 2013
58 Dignity Party
Stanislav Bychinskiy 2013
59 Great Fatherland
(Великое Отечество)
ПВО Conservatism, Patriotism Nikolai Starikov,
Igor Ashmanov
2012 2013
60 Russian Party of Gardeners
(Российская партия садоводов)
Igor Kasyanov 2013
61 Civil Position
(Гражданская Позиция)
Social liberalism Dmitry Chirov 2012
62 Civic Initiative
(Гражданская инициатива)
Democracy, Liberalism Andrey Nechaev 2013
63 Party of Russia's Rebirth
(Партия Возрождения России)
Socialism, Social state Gennadiy Seleznyov
Viktor Arkhipov
64 National Course
(Национальный курс)
Andrey Kovalenko 2013
65 Automotive Russia
(Автомобильная Россия)
Elena Fanaeva 2013
66 The People Against Corruption
(Народ Против Коррупции)
67 Native Party
(Родная Партия)
68 Party of Protection of Business and Entrepreneurship
(Партия защиты бизнеса и предпринимательства)
69 Sports Party Russian Healthy Forces
(Спортивная партия России «ЗДОРОВЫЕ СИЛЫ»)
(Партия Человека Труда)
71 Progress Party
(Партия Прогресса)
Alexei Navalny 2014 2014
72 Party of Social Reform
(Партия Социальных Реформ)
(Интернациональная партия России)
(Объединённая партия людей ограниченной трудоспособности России)
(Добрых дел, защиты детей, женщин, свободы, природы и пенсионеров)
76 Revival of Agrarian Russia
(Возрождение аграрной России)

Parties without official registration

Parties currently in creation

According to the Ministry of Justice, there are currently 196 parties in the creation stages.

Active unregistered parties

Historical parties

Banned parties in Russia

Soviet parties

Parties of the Russian Empire

Other historical parties

See also

Further reading


  1. ^
  2. ^ Yevgeny Utkin. Seven parties, one virtually certain outcome Russia Beyond the Headlines. (2011-11-23)
  3. ^
  4. ^ Владимир Жириновский: "Марин Ле Пен <...> мы поздравили. Это Национальный Фронт нам наиболее близок. Мы сотрудничаем, встречаемся. Они к нам приезжали. Мы к ним. Нельзя сказать, что теплые отношения, но с другими у нас просто нет..."

External links

  • Justice Ministry webpage about Russian political parties
  • Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation webpage about Russian political parties
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.