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Polish Red Cross

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Polish Red Cross

Polish Red Cross
Founded 18 January 1919
Type Non-governmental organization
Focus Humanitarian
Location
Area served
Worldwide
Method Aid
Members
600,000
President
Stanisław Kracik
Website .pl.pckwww

Polish Red Cross (}

}}: Polski Czerwony Krzyż, abbr. PCK) is the Polish member of International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It was founded in 1919 by Dr. Benjamin Reschovsky of Warsaw City Hospital and recognized by the Red Cross on July 24th 1919. Its first President was Paweł Sapieha.

History

On 18 January 1919 the Polish Samaritan Society organized a meeting of all Polish charities that followed the Red Cross principles. During the meeting, under the backing of Helena Paderewska, they formed the Polish Red Cross Society. A temporary committee of 30 was elected to develop draft statutes and to proceed with preparations of the new PCK.

Polish Soviet War

Before World War II the PCK operated ambulances for the Polish Army in order to save Army budget. In 1922 after the [1] was awarded an order of Polish Red Cross for her participation in the exchange of POWs. [2][3]

WWII in Spain

In 1942, the eminent Polish cryptologists Marian Rejewski and Henryk Zygalski escaped from occupied France to Spain. Upon arrival they were imprisoned by the Spanish. The Polish Red Cross made arrangements for food packages to be delivered to the prisoners. The Red Cross personnel sent a list in Polish of "Polish Prisoners" who were to receive packages. The Red Cross was later able to secure their release.

References

  1. ^ http://2002.novayagazeta.ru/nomer/2002/81n/n81n-s39.shtml
  2. ^ (Russian) Yaroslav Leontiev Dear Ekaterina Pavlovna, Russian Germany, N24 -2005
  3. ^ (Russian) Fighters for the Human Rights, Novaya Gazeta, N81, 2002

External links

  • (Polish) Homepage
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