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Paul Ryan

Paul Ryan
A portrait shot of Paul Ryan, looking straight ahead. He has short brown hair, and is wearing a dark navy blazer with a red and blue striped tie over a light blue collared shirt. In the background is the American flag.
54th Speaker of the United States
House of Representatives
Assumed office
October 29, 2015
President Barack Obama
Preceded by John Boehner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 1st district
Assumed office
January 3, 1999
Preceded by Mark Neumann
Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee
In office
January 3, 2015 – October 29, 2015
Preceded by Dave Camp
Succeeded by Sam Johnson (Acting)
Chairman of the House Budget Committee
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2015
Preceded by John Spratt
Succeeded by Tom Price
Personal details
Born Paul Davis Ryan
(1970-01-29) January 29, 1970
Janesville, Wisconsin, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Janna Little
Children 3
Alma mater Miami University (Ohio)
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website .govSpeaker
House website
Paul Ryan on Twitter
This article is part of a series about
Paul D. Ryan

Speaker of the House

Paul Davis Ryan (born January 29, 1970) is the 54th and current Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. Ryan is a member of the Republican Party who has served as the U.S. Representative for Wisconsin's 1st congressional district since 1999 and as House Ways and Means Committee Chairman since January 2015. Ryan previously served as Chairman of the House Budget Committee from 2011 to 2015. He was the Republican Party nominee for Vice President of the United States, running alongside Governor Mitt Romney in the 2012 election.[1][2] Ryan, together with Democratic Senator Patty Murray, negotiated the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013.[3][4][5]

On October 29, 2015, Ryan was elected to replace John Boehner as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, and named John David Hoppe as his Chief of Staff.[6][7] He is the first person from Wisconsin to hold this position.[8] As Speaker of the House, Ryan follows the Vice President in line to the presidency of the United States in accordance with the Presidential Succession Act.


  • Early life and education 1
  • Political philosophy 2
  • Early career 3
  • U.S. House of Representatives 4
    • Elections 4.1
    • Tenure 4.2
    • Committee assignments 4.3
    • Caucus memberships 4.4
    • Constituent services 4.5
  • 2012 vice presidential campaign 5
  • Speaker of the House 6
  • Political positions 7
    • Fiscal, education, and health care policy 7.1
      • Budget proposals 7.1.1
    • Social, environmental, and science issues 7.2
    • War on Poverty report 7.3
    • Foreign and military policy 7.4
  • Personal life 8
  • Awards and honors 9
  • Electoral history 10
  • References 11
  • Further reading 12
  • External links 13

Early life and education

Ryan was born in Janesville, Wisconsin, the youngest of four children of Elizabeth A. "Betty" (née Hutter) and Paul Murray Ryan, a lawyer.[9][10][11] A fifth-generation Wisconsinite, his father was of Irish ancestry and his mother is of German and English ancestry.[12] One of Ryan's paternal ancestors settled in Wisconsin prior to the Civil War.[13] His great-grandfather, Patrick William Ryan (1858–1917), founded an earthmoving company in 1884, which later became P. W. Ryan and Sons and is now known as Ryan Incorporated Central.[14][15] Ryan's grandfather, Stanley M. Ryan, was appointed U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Wisconsin.[16][17]

Ryan attended St. Mary's Catholic School in Janesville, where he played on the seventh-grade basketball team.[18] He attended Joseph A. Craig High School in Janesville, where he was elected president of his junior class, and thus became prom king.[19] As class president Ryan was a representative of the student body on the school board.[20] Following his second year, Ryan took a job working the grill at McDonald's.[20] He was on his high school's ski, track and varsity soccer teams and played basketball in a Catholic recreational league.[21][22][23] He also participated in several academic and social clubs including the Model United Nations.[20][21] Ryan and his family often went on hiking and skiing trips to the Colorado Rocky Mountains.[10][17]

When he was 16, Ryan found his 55-year-old father lying dead in bed of a heart attack.[17][20] Following the death of his father, Ryan's grandmother moved in with the family, and because she had Alzheimer's, Ryan helped care for her while his mother commuted to college in Madison, Wisconsin.[20] After his father's death, Ryan received Social Security survivors benefits until his 18th birthday, which were saved for his college education.[24][25][26]

Ryan has a Bachelor's degree in economics and political science from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio,[27] where he became interested in the writings of Friedrich Hayek, Ludwig von Mises, and Milton Friedman.[20] He often visited the office of libertarian professor Richard Hart to discuss the theories of these economists and of Ayn Rand.[20][28] Hart introduced Ryan to National Review,[20] and with Hart's recommendation Ryan began an internship in the D.C. office of Wisconsin Senator Bob Kasten where he worked with Kasten's foreign affairs adviser.[20][29] Ryan also attended the Washington Semester program at American University.[30] Ryan worked summers as a salesman for Oscar Mayer and once got to drive the Wienermobile.[17][28][31] During college, Ryan was a member of the College Republicans,[32] and volunteered for the congressional campaign of John Boehner.[28] He was a member of the Delta Tau Delta social fraternity.[33] Ryan received a Bachelor of Arts in 1992 with a double major in economics and political science.[27]

Political philosophy

At a 2005 Washington, D.C. gathering celebrating the 100th anniversary of Ayn Rand's birth,[34][35] Ryan credited Rand as inspiring him to get involved in public service.[36] In a speech that same year at the Atlas Society, he said he grew up reading Rand, and that her books taught him about his value system and beliefs.[37][38] Ryan required staffers and interns in his congressional office to read Rand[38] and gave copies of her novel Atlas Shrugged as gifts to his staff for Christmas.[39][40] In his Atlas Society speech, he also described Social Security as a "socialist-based system".[41]

In 2009, Ryan said, "What's unique about what's happening today in government, in the world, in America, is that it's as if we're living in an Ayn Rand novel right now. I think Ayn Rand did the best job of anybody to build a moral case of capitalism, and that morality of capitalism is under assault."[39]

In April 2012, after receiving criticism from Rand's philosophy as an atheistic one, saying it "reduces human interactions down to mere contracts".[42] He also called the reports of his adherence to Rand's views an "urban legend" and stated that he was deeply influenced by his Roman Catholic faith and by Thomas Aquinas.[43] Yaron Brook, executive director of the Ayn Rand Institute, maintains that Ryan is not a Rand disciple, and that some of his proposals do not follow Rand's philosophy of limited government; Brook refers to Ryan as a "fiscal moderate".[44]

In August 2012, after Romney chose him as his running mate, the Associated Press published a story saying that while the Tea Party movement had wanted a nominee other than Romney, it had gotten "one of its ideological heroes" in the Vice Presidential slot. According to the article, Ryan supports the Tea Party's belief in "individual rights, distrust of big government and an allegorical embrace of the Founding Fathers".[45]

Early career

Betty Ryan reportedly urged her son to accept a congressional position as a legislative aide in Senator Kasten's office, which he did after graduating in 1992.[29][46][47] In his early years working on Capitol Hill, Ryan supplemented his income by working as a waiter, as a fitness trainer, and at other jobs.[17][31]

A few months after Kasten lost to Democrat Russ Feingold in the November 1992 election, Ryan became a speechwriter for Empower America (now FreedomWorks), a conservative advocacy group founded by Jack Kemp, Jeane Kirkpatrick, and William Bennett.[17][48][49] Ryan later worked as a speechwriter for Kemp,[50] the Republican vice presidential candidate in the 1996 United States presidential election. Kemp became Ryan's mentor, and Ryan has said he had a "huge influence".[51] In 1995, Ryan became the legislative director for then-U.S. Senator Sam Brownback of Kansas. In 1997 he returned to Wisconsin, where he worked for a year as a marketing consultant for the construction company Ryan Incorporated Central, owned by his relatives.[20][48][52]

U.S. House of Representatives


Ryan was first elected to the House in 1998, winning the 1st District seat of Mark Neumann, a two-term incumbent who had vacated his seat to make an unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate. Ryan won the Republican primary over 29-year-old pianist Michael J. Logan of Twin Lakes,[53] and the general election against Democrat Lydia Spottswood.[54] This made him the second-youngest member of the House.[20]

Reelected eight times, Ryan has never received less than 55 percent of the vote. He defeated Democratic challenger 2008 election.[55] In the 2010 general election, he defeated Democrat John Heckenlively and Libertarian Joseph Kexel.

Ryan faced Democratic nominee Rob Zerban in the 2012 House election. As of July 25, 2012, Ryan had over $5.4 million in his congressional campaign account, more than any other House member.[56][57] Finance, insurance and real estate was the sector that contributed most to his campaign.[58] Under Wisconsin election law, Ryan was allowed to run concurrently for vice president and for Congress[59] and was not allowed to remove his name from the Congressional ballot after being nominated for the vice presidency.[60] Ryan was reelected in 2012 with 55% of his district's vote[61] and 44% of the vote in his hometown, Janesville.[62]

Zerban again challenged Ryan in the 2014 House election.[63] In this election, Ryan won with 63% of his district's vote.[64]


Ryan became the ranking Republican member of the House Budget Committee in 2007,[65] then chairman in 2011 after Republicans took control of the House. That same year he was selected to deliver the Republican response to the State of the Union address.[66]

Official U.S. Congress portrait of Ryan in 2011

During his 13 years in the House, Ryan has sponsored more than 70 bills or amendments,[67] of which two were enacted into law.[68] One, passed in July 2000, renamed a post office in Ryan's district; the other, passed in December 2008, lowered the excise tax on arrow shafts.[69][70] Ryan has also co-sponsored 975 bills,[68] of which 176 have passed.[71] 22 percent of these bills were originally sponsored by Democrats.[68]

In 2010, Ryan was a member of the bipartisan National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform (Bowles-Simpson Commission), which was tasked with developing a plan to reduce the federal deficit. He voted against the final report of the commission.[72]

In 2012, Ryan accused the nation's top military leaders of using "smoke and mirrors" to remain under budget limits passed by Congress.[73][74] Ryan later said that he misspoke on the issue and called General Martin Dempsey, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to apologize for his comments.[75]

As of mid-2012, Ryan had been on seven trips abroad as part of a congressional delegation.[76]

Committee assignments

As Speaker of the House of Representatives, Ryan holds no chairmanship of any committee nor is he a member of any committee or subcommittee. Prior to his election, Ryan held the following assignments:

Caucus memberships

Constituent services

In fiscal year 2008, Ryan garnered $5.4 million in congressional earmarks for his constituency, including $3.28 million for bus service in Wisconsin, $1.38 million for the Ice Age Trail, and $735,000 for the Janesville transit system.[78] In 2009, he successfully advocated with the Department of Energy for stimulus funds for energy initiatives in his district.[78] Other home district projects he has supported include a runway extension at the Rock County Airport, an environmental study of the Kenosha Harbor, firefighting equipment for Janesville, road projects in Wisconsin, and commuter rail and streetcar projects in Kenosha.[79] In 2008, Ryan pledged to stop seeking earmarks.[79] Prior to that he had sought earmarks less often than other representatives.[79] Taxpayers for Common Sense records show no earmarks supported by Ryan for fiscal years 2009 and 2010.[78] In 2012 Ryan supported a request for $3.8 million from the Department of Transportation for a new transit center in Janesville,[79] which city officials received in July.[80]

Ryan was an active member of a task force established by Wisconsin governor Jim Doyle that tried unsuccessfully to persuade GM to keep its assembly plant in Janesville open.[81] He made personal contact with GM executives to try to convince them to save or retool the plant, offering GM hundreds of millions of dollars of taxpayer-funded incentives.[81]

Following the closing of factories in Janesville and Kenosha, constituents expressed dissatisfaction with his votes and support.[82] During the 2011 Congressional summer break, Ryan held town hall meetings by telephone with constituents, but no free, in-person listening sessions. The only public meetings Ryan attended in his district required an admission fee of at least $15.[83][84] In August 2011, constituents in Kenosha and Racine protested when Ryan would not meet with them about economic and employment issues, after weeks of emailed requests from them.[82][83][85] Ryan's Kenosha office locked its doors and filed a complaint with the police, who told the protesters that they were not allowed in Ryan's office.[82][83][85] Ryan maintains a mobile office to serve constituents in outlying areas.[86]

2012 vice presidential campaign

Mitt Romney with Paul Ryan after introducing him as his running mate, for the 2012 presidential election, in Norfolk, Virginia, on August 11, 2012

Dan Balz of The Washington Post wrote that Ryan was promoted as a candidate for Vice President "by major elements of the conservative opinion makers, including The Wall Street Journal editorial page, the Weekly Standard and the editor of National Review".[87]

On August 11, 2012, the Romney campaign officially announced Ryan as its choice for Vice President through its "Mitt's VP" mobile app[88] as well as by the social networking service Twitter,[89] about 90 minutes before Romney's in-person introduction. Before the official announcement in Norfolk, Virginia, it was reported that Romney made his decision, and offered the position to Ryan on August 1, 2012,[90] the day after returning from a foreign policy trip through the United Kingdom, Poland and Israel.[91] On August 11, 2012, Ryan formally accepted Romney's invitation to join his campaign as his running mate, in front of the USS Wisconsin in Norfolk.[92] Ryan is the major parties' first-ever vice-presidential candidate from Wisconsin.[93]

According to a statistical-historical analysis conducted by Gallup poll found that 39% thought Ryan was an "excellent" or "pretty good" vice presidential choice, compared to 42% who felt he was a "fair" or "poor" choice.[96]

Ryan formally accepted his nomination at the 2012 Republican National Convention on August 29, 2012.[97] In his acceptance speech, he promoted Mitt Romney as the presidential candidate,[98] supported repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA),[99] said that he and Romney had a plan to generate 12 million new jobs over the ensuing four years,[98] and promoted founding principles as a solution: "We will not duck the tough issues—we will lead. We will not spend four years blaming others—we will take responsibility. We will not try to replace our founding principles, we will reapply our founding principles."[98]

The speech was well received by the convention audience and praised for being well-delivered.[100][101] Some fact-checkers noted that there were important factual omissions and that he presented details out of context.[102][103][104][105] Conservative media (including Jennifer Rubin of The Washington Post,[106] the Investor's Business Daily,[107] and Fox News[108]) disputed some of the fact-checkers' findings. rated 33 of Ryan's statements which it suspected of being false or misleading as True: 10.5%, Mostly True: 18%, Half True: 21%, Mostly False: 36%, False: 9%, and Pants on Fire: 6%.[109] On October 11, 2012, Ryan debated his Democratic counterpart, incumbent Vice President Joe Biden, in the only vice presidential debate of the 2012 election cycle.[110][111]

Romney and Ryan lost the 2012 presidential election, but Ryan retained his seat in the House of Representatives.[112][113] Ryan attended the second inauguration of Barack Obama out of what he said was "obligation",[114][115][116] where he was booed by a group led by a lawyer with the Voting Section of the Department of Justice.[117][118][119]

Speaker of the House

On October 8, a push by congressional Republicans to recruit Ryan to run to succeed John Boehner as Speaker of the House was initiated.[120] Boehner had recently announced his resignation and stated his support for Kevin McCarthy to be his replacement, which received wide support among Republicans, including Ryan, who was set to officially nominate him.[121] McCarthy withdrew his name from consideration on October 8, leading to the interest in Ryan, including a plea from Boehner who reportedly told Ryan that he is the only person who can unite the House GOP at a time of turmoil.[120] Ryan released a statement that said, "While I am grateful for the encouragement I’ve received, I will not be a candidate."[122] But on October 9, close aides of Ryan confirmed that Ryan had reconsidered, and was seeking the possibility of a run.[123][124] Ryan confirmed on October 22 that he would seek the speakership after receiving the endorsements of two factions of House Republicans, including the conservative Freedom Caucus.[125][126] Ryan upon confirming his bid for speakership stated, "I never thought I'd be speaker. But I pledged to you that if I could be a unifying figure, then I would serve -- I would go all in. After talking with so many of you, and hearing your words of encouragement, I believe we are ready to move forward as one, united team. And I am ready and eager to be our speaker."[127] On October 29, Ryan was elected Speaker with 236 votes.[128] He is the youngest Speaker since James G. Blaine in 1875.[129]

Political positions

In the 111th Congress, Ryan sided with a majority of his party in 93% of House votes in which he has participated, and sided with the overall majority vote of all House votes 95% of the time.[130]

Ryan has a lifetime American Conservative Union rating of 91/100.[131] The 2011 National Journal Vote Ratings rated Paul Ryan 68.2 on the conservative scale, being more conservative than 68% of the full House, and ranked as the 150th most conservative member based on roll-call votes.[132]

Fiscal, education, and health care policy

Ryan voted for the two

  • Paul Ryan, Wisconsin Historical Society
  • 1999
  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2005
  • 2006
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012

External links

Works by Ryan

Works about Ryan

Further reading

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  8. ^ Paul Ryan becomes Wisconsin's first speaker of the House
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  13. ^ Stan Milam, "Ryan’s family tree has many branches," The Janesville Gazette, August 12, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
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  19. ^ "Fox on the Record with Greta Van Susteren: Paul Ryan's Brother," LexisNex1s News, August 13, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
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  33. ^ Peter Hamby, "Ryan's college years: A Delt who liked turtlenecks," CNN, August 14, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
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  37. ^ The Atlas Society, "Paul Ryan And Ayn Rand's Ideas: In The Hot Seat Again," April 30, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  38. ^ a b Elspeth Reeve, "Audio Surfaces of Paul Ryan's Effusive Love of Ayn Rand," The Atlantic, April 30, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
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  48. ^ a b Jennifer Steinhauer, Jim Rutenberg, Mike Mc Intire and Sheryl Gay Stolberg, Charting Ryan's rise, from junior prom king to political star (August 14, 2012). The New York Times.
  49. ^ Ryan, Kasten pay tribute to Kemp, The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. May 9, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2010
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  51. ^ Craig Gilbert, "Ryan's conservatism influenced by free market economists," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 11, 2012.
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  56. ^ Julie Bykowicz and Jonathan D. Salant, "Ryan Ranks as Top House Fundraiser With Backing by Banks," Bloomberg News, August 11, 2012.
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  60. ^ Politifact
  61. ^
  62. ^ Craig Gilbert. "Paul Ryan's very mixed election day in Wisconsin". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, November 8, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
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  65. ^ Jay Newton-Small, Is Wisconsin's Paul Ryan Too Bold for the GOP?, Time, September 4, 2010. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  66. ^
  67. ^ a b c Dylan Matthews, Paul Ryan's non-budget policy record, in one post (August 11, 2012). The Washington Post.
  68. ^ a b c David A. Fahrenthold, Paul Ryan, Republican vice presidential candidate, has a complicated record with little compromise (August 13, 2012). The Washington Post.
  69. ^ Alex Seitz-Wald, Romney owns the Ryan plan (August 13, 2012). Salon.
  70. ^ Jennifer Bendery, Paul Ryan Only Passed 2 Bills Into Law In More Than A Decade (August 12, 2012). The Huffington Post.
  71. ^
  72. ^ Jonathan Chait, "The Legendary Paul Ryan," New York, April 29, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  73. ^ "Budget chairman questions whether generals truthful on defense budget". The Washington Post. Associated Press. March 29, 2012.
  74. ^
  75. ^ Killough, Ashley. "'"Rep. Paul Ryan: 'I really misspoke CNN. April 1, 2012.
  76. ^ a b c Jamie Crawford, Ryan's foreign policy views shaped by his budget battles (August 13, 2012). CNN.
  77. ^ Caucus of House Conservatives, RSC Member List. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  78. ^ a b c Bryan Bender and Brian MacQuarrie, "In Paul Ryan’s home state, he supported US energy funds while decrying stimulus program," Boston Globe, August 13, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  79. ^ a b c d Jerry Markon and David S. Fallis, "Paul Ryan has record of pushing for and earmarking federal funds for his district," The Washington Post, August 17, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  80. ^ Marcia Nelesen, "Janesville receives grant for new transit center," The Janesville Gazette, July 24, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  81. ^ a b Matthew DeLuca, "Paul Ryan Used Government Funds and Power to Try and Save GM Plant in His District," The Daily Beast, August 17, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  82. ^ a b c Alicia Abercrombie, "Protesters ask Ryan for meeting about job creation," (Racine) Journal Times, August 24, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  83. ^ a b c Brendan Fischer, "Paul Ryan's Office Locks the Door on Unemployed Constituents," PRWatch, Center for Media and Democracy, August 25, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  84. ^ Reid J. Epstein, "Talk to Paul Ryan? It'll cost you," Politico, August 16, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  85. ^ a b Jason Stein, "Protesters at Ryan's Kenosha office kept out of building," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 24, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  86. ^ Paul Ryan Mobile Office
  87. ^ Dan Balz, Romney shakes the race with pick of Ryan (August 11, 2012), The Washington Post.
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  93. ^ Ryan joins host of Wisconsin politicians in U.S. limelight (August 11, 2012), Wisconsin State-Journal.
  94. ^ a b Nate Silver, A Risky Rationale Behind Romney's Choice of Ryan (August 11, 2012). The New York Times.
  95. ^ a b Charles Mahtesian, How conservative is Paul Ryan? (August 13, 2012)
  96. ^ Catalina Camia, USAT/Gallup Poll: Paul Ryan gets low marks for VP, USA Today, August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  97. ^
  98. ^ a b c "Paul Ryan's Republican National Convention Speech – Excerpts" National Journal, August 29, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  99. ^
  100. ^ Karen Tumulty, Paul Ryan promises GOP ‘won’t duck the tough issues’ (August 30, 2012). The Washington Post.
  101. ^ US Elections, Paul Ryan Republican speech 'contained errors' (August 30, 2012). BBC.
  102. ^ "Paul Ryan's acceptance speech at the Republican convention contained several false claims and misleading statements".
  103. ^ FACT CHECK: Convention speakers stray from reality
  104. ^ Ryan's Speech Contained a Litany of Falsehoods
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  106. ^ Rubin, Jenifer, Ryan freaks out Obamaland, The Washington Post, August 30, 2012.
  107. ^ Investor's Business Daily, The Media's 'Fact Check' Smokescreen, August 30, 2012.
  108. ^ Rosen, James, Fact Check: Paul Ryan's convention address, Fox News Channel, August 30, 2012.
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  131. ^ American Conservative Union, "2011 U.S. House Votes". Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  132. ^
  133. ^ Gentile, Sal. "VIDEO: Paul Ryan defended stimulus in 2002, when George W. Bush wanted it". MSNBC, August 19, 2012.
  134. ^
  135. ^ a b c d Project Vote Smart, "Representative Paul D. Ryan's Voting Records". Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  136. ^ a b Michael Grunwald. Paul Ryan Is a Brave Deficit Hawk, if You Ignore His Record and His Policies (August 8, 2011). Time Swampland blog.
  137. ^ Andrew Restuccia and Seung Min Kim, Paul Ryan's voting record: Big-spending conservatism (August 13, 2012), Politico.
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  141. ^ Juan Cole, Paul Ryan was for Big Deficits before he was against them (graphic) (August 12, 2012). Informed Comment.
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  145. ^ Ezra Klein, Paul Ryan isn’t a deficit hawk. He’s a conservative reformer (August 11, 2012). The Washington Post.
  146. ^ "For Ryan and Obama, More Than the Usual Rivalry" (August 13, 2012), The New York Times
  147. ^
  148. ^ Khimm, Suzy. "Paul Ryan supported Bush's 2002 stimulus. But that doesn’t make him a hypocrite". The Washington Post, August 19, 2012.
  149. ^
  150. ^ Paul Ryan, Wall Street "Reform" Just More Crony Capitalism (May 20, 2010). RealClearPolitics.
  151. ^
  152. ^ Robert Pear, Repeal of Health Care Law Approved, Again, by House (July 11, 2012), The New York Times; House Vote 460 – Repeals the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
  153. ^ Single-Payer Champions Out-Hawk Ryan on Deficit (August 15, 2012). Forbes (describing Ryan as an "arch-enemy of the Affordable Care Act," whose selection by Romney as VP nominee "may push President Barack Obama's health care reform into the center of the 2012 political ring").
  154. ^ Ryan's VP Nod: What's It Mean for Education?," Education Week, August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  155. ^ Ida Lieszkovszky, What Picking Paul Ryan as VP Could Mean for Education (August 13, 2012). NPR/StateImpact Ohio.
  156. ^ Joy Resmovits, Pell Grants For Poor Students Lose $170 Billion In Ryan Budget (March 27, 2012). The Huffington Post.
  157. ^ a b c d Jordan Weissmann, How Would Paul Ryan's Vision Change the U.S. Education System? (August 15, 2012). The Atlantic
  158. ^ Paul Ryan, "Education," Paul Ryan Congressional web site. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  159. ^ a b Valerie Strauss, Paul Ryan on education policy: vouchers, for-profit colleges, local control (August 11, 2012). The Washington Post.
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  176. ^ H.R. 4529: Roadmap for America's Future Act of 2010. United States Congress. Government Printing Office.
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  181. ^ C-SPAN, "Implementation of Health Care Law, Part 1," January 6, 2011.
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  183. ^ Ponnuru, Ramesh. "Ryan vs. The Mythmakers". National Review. May 2, 2011. p. 34.
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  188. ^ H.Con.Res. 34: Establishing the budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2012 and setting forth appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2013 through 2021. United States Congress. Government Printing Office.
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  192. ^ H.Con.Res. 112: Establishing the budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2013 and setting forth appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2014 through 2022.. United States Congress. Government Printing Office.
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  196. ^ David Lauter & Lisa Mascaro, "A closer look at Paul Ryan's federal budget plan," Los Angeles Times, August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
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  198. ^ David A. Stockman, "Paul Ryan's Fairy-Tale Budget Plan," The New York Times, August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
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  200. ^ David Gibson, "Catholic Bishops Say Ryan Budget Fails Moral Test," The Huffington Post, April 18, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
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  204. ^ Benen, Steve. Paul Ryan vs. the Bishops (April 20, 2012). MSNBC.
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  217. ^ Joanne Kenen, Paul Ryan's anti-abortion record appeals to conservatives (August 11, 2012). Politico.
  218. ^ a b
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  220. ^ 111th Congress, First Session HR 227 IH (January 7, 2009)
  221. ^ Jamelle Bouie, On social issues, there's no daylight between Ryan and the far right (August 13, 2012). Paul Ryan on Social Issues: Where Does He Stand? (August 13, 2012). ABC News.
  222. ^ a b Elizabeth Hartfield, Paul Ryan on Social Issues: Where Does He Stand? (August 13, 2012). ABC News.
  223. ^ [2] PP Title X
  224. ^ Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 173", June 8, 2006. Retrieved August 18, 2006.
  225. ^
  226. ^ Steve Rothaus. HRC: Paul Ryan voted against hate-crimes law, end of military ban, letting gay couples marry & adopt (August 11, 2008). The Miami Herald.
  227. ^ Ari Ezra Waldman, Paul Ryan, Gay Rights, and the Shift of Social Conservatism (August 13, 2012). Towleroad.
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  232. ^ a b Paul Barrett, Paul Ryan and the Gun Control Factor (August 13, 2012). Bloomberg BusinessWeek.
  233. ^ Suzy Khimm, Paul Ryan’s evolution on immigration: From pro-legalization to anti-amnesty (August 14, 2012). The Washington Post.
  234. ^ Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 446", September 14, 2006. Retrieved August 16, 2006.
  235. ^ Paul Ryan, "Immigration," Paul Ryan Congressional web site.
  236. ^ Alex Fitzpatrick, Paul Ryan, Target of Reddit Campaign, Won’t Support SOPA (January 9, 2012), Mashable.
  237. ^ Joanna Zelman, Climate Change And Paul Ryan: Romney's VP Pick Irks Environmentalists. The Huffington Post.
  238. ^ a b Paul Ryan, Misplaced Priorities (December 11, 2009)
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  247. ^ Ryan a foreign policy question in a campaign about economy (August 12, 2012). Reuters.
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  254. ^ a b Daniel Larison. Paul Ryan's foreign policy speeches: What they say about Mitt Romney's running mate (August 13, 2012). The Week.
  255. ^ "'"Exclusive: Rep. Paul Ryan on 'Hannity. Fox News Channel.
  256. ^ "Ryan: Why I voted for sequestration". CBS News, September 9, 2012.
  257. ^ "'"Rep. Paul Ryan says he thinks 'sequester is going to happen.
  258. ^ "US defense industry in late surge to stop spending cuts".
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  270. ^ Briquelet, Kate. "Paul Ryan worked his way up the political ladder following tough childhood (August 12, 2012). New York Post. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
  271. ^ Gill, Martha. Paul Ryan hunts catfish with his bare hands (August 12, 2012). New Statesman. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
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Year Office District Democratic Republican Other
1998 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District Lydia Spottswood 43% Paul Ryan 57%
2000 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District Jeffrey Thomas 33% Paul Ryan 67%
2002 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District Jeffrey Thomas 31% Paul Ryan 67% George Meyers (L) 2%
2004 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District Jeffrey Thomas 33% Paul Ryan 65%
2006 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District Jeffrey Thomas 37% Paul Ryan 63%
2008 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District Marge Krupp 35% Paul Ryan 64% Joseph Kexel (L) 1%
2010 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District John Heckenlively 30% Paul Ryan 68% Joseph Kexel (L) 2%
2012 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District Rob Zerban 43% Paul Ryan 55% Keith Deschler (L) 2%
2012 Vice President of the United States United States of America Joe Biden 51% Paul Ryan 47% James P. Gray (L) 1%
2014 U.S. House of Representatives Wisconsin 1st District Rob Zerban 37% Paul Ryan 63%
2015 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi 42% Paul Ryan 54% Daniel Webster (R) 2%

Electoral history

Awards and honors

Ryan is a fisherman and bowhunter, and a member of the Janesville Bowmen archery association.[24] He is a fan of the Green Bay Packers.[269] His musical preferences include Beethoven, Rage Against the Machine, and Led Zeppelin, and he reportedly will whisk past reporters, ignoring them, while listening to this music on his iPod.[270][271]

In a radio interview Ryan said that he had run a marathon in under three hours;[265] he later stated that he forgot his actual time and was just trying to state what he thought was a normal time.[266] His one official marathon time is recorded as slightly over four hours.[267][268]

Because of a family history of fatal heart attacks before age 60, Ryan pursues an intense cross-training fitness program called P90X.[264] He is "fairly careful" about what he eats[17] and makes his own bratwurst and Polish sausage.[11]

[263][262].altar boy A Catholic, Ryan is a member of St. John Vianney Catholic Church in Janesville, and was an [261] They have three children: Liza, Charles, and Sam.[21] of Janesville, Wisconsin.Courthouse Hill Historic District The Ryans live in the [260], also of Oklahoma.Dan Boren Her cousin is former Democratic Representative [24] Ryan married Janna Little, a

Personal life

In 2011, Ryan pointed to his support for over $10 billion in cuts to national security spending as part of the Budget Control Act of 2011 that included $50 billion in near-term budget cuts and a sequestration system to force further budget cuts.[255] In 2012, Ryan explained his support for defense spending sequestration in the hope that this would open common ground with the Democrats on deficit reduction.[256] In January 2013, he said that sequestration would likely occur because the Democrats offered no alternative.[257] Ryan's comments have led defense industry leaders to pin their final hopes on the chance that Congress will at least allow the Pentagon to reprogram the coming cuts.[258]

In 2009, Ryan termed the Obama administrations' [254]

Ryan was a "reliable supporter of the [George W. Bush] administration's foreign policy priorities" who voted for the 2002 military force in Iraq.[76] Ryan also voted for the Iraq War troop surge of 2007.[76] In May 2012, Ryan voted for H.R. 4310,[252] which would increase defense spending, including spending for the Afghanistan War and for various weapon systems, to the level of $642 billion – $8 billion more than previous spending levels.[253]

Ryan voted in 2001 and 2004 to end the embargo on Cuba,[248][249][250][251] but later reversed his positions, and, since 2007, has voted for maintaining the embargo.[251] In 2008, Ryan told the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "If we're going to have free trade with China, why not Cuba?"[250]

Ryan has been described by Larry Sabato as "just a generic Republican on foreign policy".[246][247]

Foreign and military policy

On March 3, 2014, as Chairman of the Budget Committee of the House of Representatives, Ryan released a report titled The War on Poverty: 50 Years Later, asserting that some of 92 federal programs designed to help lower-income Americans have not provided the relief intended and that there is little evidence that these efforts have been successful.[242] In the report, Ryan advances the argument that federal antipoverty programs suffer from defects that "penalize families for getting ahead" and that "the complex web of federal programs and sudden drop-off in benefits create extraordinarily high effective marginal tax rates," both of which "reduce the incentive to work".[243] At the core of the report are recommendations to enact cuts to welfare, child care, college Pell grants and several other federal assistance programs.[244] In an appendix titled "Measures of Poverty", when the poverty rate is measured by including non-cash assistance from food stamps, housing aid and other federal programs, the report states that these measurements "[have] implications for both conservatives and liberals. For conservatives, this suggests that federal programs have actually decreased poverty. For liberals, it lessens the supposed need to expand existing programs or to create new ones."[242][244] According to an article in the Fiscal Times, several economists and social scientists whose work had been referenced in the report said that Ryan either misunderstood or misrepresented their research.[245]

In February 2013, Ryan began touring low-income neighborhoods and speaking on efforts to reform federal anti-poverty programs.[241]

War on Poverty report

Ryan has spoken out against a "tailspin of culture, in our inner cities in particular, of men not working and just generations of men not even thinking about working or learning to value the culture of work."[240]

The League of Conservation Voters (LCV), the Sierra Club, and other environmentalists have criticized Ryan's record on environmental issues, with Ryan earning 3 percent on the LCV 2011 National Environmental Scorecard.[237] He opposes cap and trade and opposed the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009.[238] In an 2009 editorial, Ryan has accused climatologists of using "statistical tricks to distort their findings and intentionally mislead the public on the issue of climate change" and he criticized the EPA's classification of carbon dioxide as a pollutant.[238] Ryan supports a 10-year $40 billion tax break for the petroleum industry, and has proposed cutting funding for renewable energy research and subsidies.[239]

Ryan opposed the Stop Online Piracy Act, stating that "it creates the precedent and possibility for undue regulation, censorship and legal abuse."[236]

In the past, Ryan supported legislation that would have allowed some illegal immigrants to apply for temporary guest-worker status, including one bill that would provide a pathway to permanent residence status (a Green Card) for such immigrants. However, more recently Ryan "has adopted a firm anti-amnesty, enforcement-first stance" on illegal immigration.[233] Ryan voted against the DREAM Act, a bill that would provide conditional permanent residency to illegal immigrants who were brought to the United States as children if they attend college or serve in the military, and meet other criteria.[222] He also voted in favor of the Secure Fence Act of 2006.[135][234] Ryan has said "we must first secure the border and stem the flow of illegal immigration, and then work to increase legal immigration through an enforceable guest worker program" before pursuing a "piecemeal" reform such as the DREAM Act.[235]

Ryan favors a constitutional amendment to ban flag-burning. He also voted to withdraw federal funding of NPR.[215]

Ryan has supported the rights of gun owners and opposed stricter gun control measures.[215][232] He voted against a bill for stronger background check requirements for purchases at gun shows and supports federal concealed-carry reciprocity legislation, which would allow a person with a permit to carry a concealed firearm in one state to carry a firearm in every other state, a top National Rifle Association (NRA) priority.[232] Ryan, who owns a rifle and a shotgun, is an NRA member, has received an "A" rating from the NRA's Institute for Legislative Action and has been endorsed by the organization every cycle he has been in Congress.

Ryan opposes GOProud[228] and the Log Cabin Republicans.[229] On April 30, 2013, Ryan came out in favor of same-sex couples adopting children. He also said he had always supported civil unions. He also said that if the US Supreme Court declares the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional, then he believes it will become a federalist issue for states to decide same-sex marriage.[230][231]

Ryan has also supported legislation that would impose criminal penalties for certain doctors who perform "partial-birth abortions".[215] Ryan voted against continued federal aid for Planned Parenthood and Title X family planning programs.[215][223] He also opposed giving over-the-counter status for emergency contraceptive pills.[135][224] Ryan was one of 227 co-sponsors of the 2011 No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act bill in the House of Representatives that would have limited funding for federally funded abortions to victims of "forcible rape". "Forcible rape" was not defined in the bill, which critics said would result in excluding date rape, statutory rape, or other situations where the victim had diminished mental capacity. The language was removed from the bill before the House passed the bill, the Senate did not vote on the bill.[225]

During Ryan's 1998 campaign for Congress, he "expressed his willingness to let states criminally prosecute women who have abortions," telling the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel at the time that he "would let states decide what criminal penalties would be attached to abortions", and while not stating that he supports jailing women who have an abortion, stated: "if it's illegal, it's illegal."[218] In 2009, he cosponsored the Sanctity of Life Act, which would provide that fertilized eggs "shall have all the legal and constitutional attributes and privileges of personhood" and would have given "the Congress, each State, the District of Columbia, and all United States territories … the authority to protect the lives of all human beings residing in its respective jurisdictions".[220][221][222]

In 2010, Ryan described himself as being "as pro-life as a person gets"[214] and has been described as an "ardent, unwavering foe of abortion rights".[215] As of 2012 according to Bloomberg, Ryan has co-sponsored 38 measures in the U.S. Congress that restrict abortion.[216] The National Right to Life Committee has consistently given Ryan a "100 percent pro-life voting record" since he took office in 1999. NARAL Pro-Choice America has noted that Ryan has "cast 59 votes" (including procedural motions and amendments which don't have co-sponsors[216]) "on reproductive rights while in Congress and not one has been pro-choice".[217] He believes all abortions should be illegal, including those resulting from rape or incest, and only makes an exception for cases where the woman's life is at risk.[218][219]

Social, environmental, and science issues

Ryan's proposed budget for fiscal year 2015 included deep cuts to domestic spending to reduce projected federal deficits by about $5 trillion over the next decade. In releasing the budget, Ryan stated "We have to stop spending money we don't have." According to the White House, Ryan's 2014 budget proposal would increase taxes on middle-class families by an average of $2000, while cutting taxes for the richest Americans.[212][213]

Some conservative Republicans objected to Ryan's budget proposal. Republican Raul Labrador criticized the "terrible plan," saying that "it makes promises to the American people that are false. Today the Democrats realized they were right all along, that we would never hold the line on the sequester." Other conservatives were more positive: "It achieves most of the things we would like to see when we have divided government," said Rep. Steve Womack (R-Ark.).[3]

On December 10, 2013, Ryan announced that he and Democratic Senator Patty Murray had reached a compromise agreement on a two-year, bipartisan budget bill, called the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013. The deal would cap the federal government's spending for Fiscal Year 2014 at $1.012 trillion and for Fiscal Year 2015 at $1.014.[209] The proposed deal would eliminate some of the spending cuts required by the sequester ($45 billion of the cuts scheduled to happen in January 2014 and $18 billion of the cuts scheduled to happen in 2015).[209] The deal offsets the spending increases by raising airline fees and changing the pension contribution requirements of new federal workers.[3] Overall the fee increases and spending reductions total about $85 billion over a decade.[210] Ryan said that he was "proud" of the agreement because "it reduces the deficit – without raising taxes."[211]

In March 2013, Ryan submitted a new budget plan for Fiscal Year 2014 to the House. It would set to balance the budget by 2023 by repealing Obama's Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and institute federal vouchers into Medicare. [205] Ryan has cited health care, education and food safety as examples of "runaway" federal spending.[206] This budget, House Concurrent Resolution 25, was voted on by the House on March 21, 2013 and it passed 221-207.[207] In 2014, Ryan released a refresh of this plan which would reduce spending by 5.1 trillion over a decade; balancing the budget by 2024.[208]

Parts of the 2012 Ryan budget were criticized by the Catholic teaching" when defending his plan,[202][203] but Ryan rejected their criticism.[204]

An analysis by the CBO showed that the Ryan plan would not balance the budget for at least 28 years, partly because the changes in Medicare would not affect anyone now older than 55.[196] Former U.S. Comptroller General David Walker and Maya MacGuineas, president of the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, praised the budget for making tough choices. Walker believes it needs to go even further, tackling Social Security and defense spending.[197] In contrast, David Stockman, Director of the Office of Management and Budget under President Ronald Reagan, has declared that Ryan's budget "is devoid of credible math or hard policy choices" and would "do nothing to reverse the nation's economic decline and arrest its fiscal collapse".[198] Ezra Klein also criticized the budget for making "unrealistic assumptions".[194] The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities was highly critical of Ryan's budget proposal, stating that it would shift income to the wealthy while increasing poverty and inequality.[199]

Ryan has proposed that Medicaid be converted into block grants but with the federal government's share of the cost cut by some $800 billion over the next decade. Currently, Medicaid is administered by the states, subject to federal rules concerning eligibility, and the amount paid by the federal government depends on the number of people who qualify. His plan would also undo a Reagan-era reform by which the federal government prohibited the states from requiring that a patient's spouse, as well as the patient, deplete all of his or her assets before Medicaid would cover long-term care.[20][186][187][195]

On March 23, 2012 Ryan introduced a new version of his federal budget for the fiscal year 2013.[192] On March 29, 2012, the House of Representatives passed the resolution along partisan lines, 228 yeas to 191 nays; ten Republicans voted against the bill, along with all the House Democrats.[193] Ryan's budget seeks to reduce all discretionary spending in the budget from 12.5% of GDP in 2011 to 3.75% of GDP in 2050.[194]

Ryan with President Obama during a bipartisan meeting on health insurance reform, February 25, 2010

On April 11, 2011, Ryan introduced H.Con.Res. 34, a federal budget for fiscal year 2012.[188] The House passed this Ryan Plan on April 15, 2011, by a vote of 235–193. Four Republicans joined all House Democrats in voting against it.[189][190] A month later, the bill was defeated in the Senate by a vote of 57–40, with five Republicans and most Democrats in opposition.[191]

In subsequent years, Ryan also developed budget plans that proposed privatizing Medicare for those currently under the age of 55,[185] funding Medicaid and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program through block grants to the states,[20][186][187] and other changes.

Economist and columnist Paul Krugman criticized Ryan's plan as making overly optimistic assumptions and proposing tax cuts for the wealthy.[182] Krugman further called the plan a "fraud" saying it relies on severe cuts in domestic discretionary spending and "dismantling Medicare as we know it" by suggesting the voucher system, which he noted was similar to a failed attempt at reform in 1995.[182] In contrast, columnist Ramesh Ponnuru, writing in the National Review, argued that Ryan's plan would lead to less debt than current budgets.[183] Economist Ted Gayer wrote that "Ryan's vision of broad-based tax reform, which essentially would shift us toward a consumption tax... makes a useful contribution to this debate."[184]

On January 27, 2010, Ryan released a modified version of his Roadmap, H.R. 4529: Roadmap for America's Future Act of 2010.[176][177] The modified plan would provide across-the-board tax cuts by reducing income tax rates; eliminate income taxes on capital gains, dividends, and interest; and abolish the estate tax, and Alternative Minimum Tax. The plan would also replace the corporate income tax with a border-adjusted business consumption tax of 8.5%.[178] The plan would privatize a portion of Social Security and reduce benefits for those under 55,[179][180] eliminate the tax exclusion for employer-sponsored health insurance,[180] and privatize Medicare for those under the age of 55.[179][180] Chief actuary of Medicare Rick Foster compared Ryan's "Roadmap" with the 2010 healthcare reform in congressional hearings, stating that while both had "some potential" to make healthcare prices "more sustainable", he was more "confident" in Ryan's plan.[181]

On April 1, 2009, Ryan introduced his alternative to the 2010 United States federal budget. This alternative budget would have eliminated the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and imposed a five-year spending freeze on all discretionary spending.[172][173] It would have also phased out Medicare's traditional fee-for-service model; instead it would offer fixed sums in the form of vouchers for those under the age of 55, with which Medicare beneficiaries could buy private insurance.[174] Ryan's proposed budget would also have allowed taxpayers to opt out of the federal income taxation system with itemized deductions, and instead pay a flat 10 percent of adjusted gross income up to $100,000 for couples ($50,000 for singles) and 25 percent on any remaining income.[173] It was ultimately rejected in the Democratic controlled House by a vote of 293–137, with 38 Republicans in opposition.[175]

On May 21, 2008, Ryan introduced H.R. 6110, the Roadmap for America's Future Act of 2008, commonly referred to as the "Ryan budget".[168] This proposed legislation outlined changes to entitlement spending, including a controversial proposal to replace Medicare with a voucher program for those currently under the age of 55.[20][169][170] The Roadmap found only eight sponsors and did not move past committee.[20][171]

Ryan speaking at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in Washington, D.C. in March 2014.

Budget proposals

Ryan supported a group of three budget reform bills that were considered in the House during the 113th United States Congress. Ryan supported the Pro-Growth Budgeting Act of 2013, a bill that would require the Congressional Budget Office to provide a macroeconomic impact analysis for bills that are estimated to have a large budgetary effect.[162] He also supported the Budget and Accounting Transparency Act of 2014, a bill that would modify the budgetary treatment of federal credit programs.[163] H.R. 1872 would require that the cost of direct loans or loan guarantees be recognized in the federal budget on a fair-value basis using guidelines set forth by the Financial Accounting Standards Board.[163] H.R. 1872 would also require the federal budget to reflect the net impact of programs administered by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.[163] The changes made by H.R. 1872 would mean that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac were counted on the budget instead of considered separately and would mean that the debt of those two programs would be included in the national debt.[164] These programs themselves would not be changed, but how they are accounted for in the United States federal budget would be. The goal of H.R. 1872 is to improve the accuracy of how some programs are accounted for in the federal budget.[165] Finally, Ryan supported the Baseline Reform Act of 2013, a bill that would change the way in which discretionary appropriations for individual accounts are projected in CBO's Baseline (budgeting).[166] Under H.R. 1871, projections of such spending would still be based on the current year's appropriations, but would not be adjusted for inflation going forward.[166] Arguing in favor of H.R. 1871, Ryan said that "families don't get automatic raises every year. Neither should Washington."[167] Ryan said that these three budget reform bills "are an important step toward restoring fiscal discipline in Washington."[164] Ryan said that he thought "by improving the budget process, we can get a better handle on our spending problem."[164]

In the fall of 2013 Ryan suggested using discussions regarding raising the federal debt ceiling as "leverage" to reduce federal spending.[160][161]

Ryan has consistently supported giving the president line-item veto power.[67]

Ryan voted for the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001.[159] Ryan is a supporter of for-profit colleges and opposed the gainful employment rule, which would have ensured that vocational schools whose students were unable to obtain employment would stop receiving federal aid.[157] Ryan is a supporter of private school vouchers and voted to extend the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program in 2011.[157] The National Education Association teachers' union has criticized Ryan's positions on education.[159]

Rick Hess of the American Enterprise Institute states that on "'education, training, employment, and social services,' the Ryan budget would spend 33% less" than Obama's budget plan over the next decade.[154] In particular, the Ryan plan tightens eligibility requirements for Pell Grants and freezes the maximum Pell Grant award at the current level. According to an analysis by the Education Trust, this would result in more than 1 million students losing Pell Grants over the next 10 years. Additionally, under Ryan's plan, student loans would begin to accrue interest while students are still in school.[155][156][157] Ryan states that his education policy is to "allocate our limited financial resources effectively and efficiently to improve education".[158] Jordan Weissmann of The Atlantic said that Ryan's vision on education policy is to "cut and privatize".[157]

In 2004 and 2005, Ryan pushed the Bush administration to propose the privatization of Social Security. Ryan's proposal ultimately failed when it did not gain the support of the then-Republican presidential administration.[20]

Ryan voted against the 2010 health care reform act supported by Obama and congressional Democrats in 2010,[135][151] and to repeal it in 2012.[152][153]

In 1999, Ryan voted in favor of the Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act, which repealed certain provisions of the Depression-era Glass–Steagall Act that regulated banking.[147] Ryan sponsored a 2008 bill that would repeal the requirement that the Federal Reserve System reduce unemployment.[67] Ryan voted to extend unemployment insurance in 2002, 2008 and 2009, but has voted against further extensions since then.[148] Ryan voted against the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009.[149] Ryan also voted against the Credit CARD Act of 2009 and the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which Ryan characterized as "class warfare".[150]

Obama initially viewed Ryan as a Republican who could help to reduce the federal deficit. Speaking of Ryan's budget proposal, Obama called it a "serious proposal" and found both points of agreement and disagreement, saying "some ideas in there that I would agree with, but there are some ideas that we should have a healthy debate about because I don't agree with them."[146]

[145] wrote in 2012 that "If you know about Paul Ryan at all, you probably know him as a deficit hawk. But Ryan has voted to increase deficits and expand government spending too many times for that to be his north star."Ezra Klein Columnist [144] criticized Ryan as being "not on the level" for describing himself as a fiscal conservative while voting for these policies, as well as two "unpaid for" wars.Barack Obama In 2011 President [143][142][141][136]

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