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Osman III

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Title: Osman III  
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Subject: Mahmud I, Mustafa III, Ottoman family tree, 1750s, Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes
Collection: 1699 Births, 1757 Deaths, 18Th-Century Ottoman Sultans, Ottoman Turks, People from Edirne
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Osman III

Osman III
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Reign 13 December 1754 – 30 October 1757
Predecessor Mahmud I
Successor Mustafa III
Consorts Leyla Kadınefendi
Zevki Kadınefendi
Ferhunde Emine Kadınefendi
Royal house House of Osman
Father Mustafa II
Mother Şehsuvar Sultan
Religion Sunni Islam
Tughra

Osman III (Ottoman Turkish: عثمان ثالث‘Osmān-i sālis;‎ 2/3 January 1699 – 30 October 1757) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1754 to 1757.[1]

Biography

The younger brother of Mahmud I (1730–54) and son of Mustafa II (1695–1703) and Valide Sultan Şehsuvar Sultan, he was born at Edirne Palace.

His brief reign saw rising intolerance of non-Muslims (Christians and Jews being required to wear distinctive clothes or badges) and is also notable for a fire in Constantinople.[2][3] His mother was Şehsuvar Sultan, a Serbian valide sultan.

Audience of French ambassador Charles de Vergennes with Sultan Osman III in 1755.

Osman III lived most of his life as a prisoner in the palace, and as a consequence on becoming Sultan he had some behavioural peculiarities. Unlike previous Sultans, he hated music, and banished all musicians from the palace. Also while living in the "kafes", the palace prison in the "harem", the part of the palace containing the women's quarters, he developed a dislike for female company. He would wear iron shoes in order to avoid encountering any women — they could hear him approach and disperse. He died at the Topkapı Palace, Constantinople.

Osman was responsible for a firman in 1757, that preserved the Status Quo of various Holy Land sites for Christians, Muslims, and Jews.[4]

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.7, Edited by Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 3; Constantinople, the capital of the Turkish Empire...
  3. ^ Britannica, Istanbul:When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, the capital was moved to Ankara, and Constantinople was officially renamed Istanbul in 1930.
  4. ^ Michael R. T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley (2007). Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 209.  

Osman III
Born: 2 January 1699 Died: 30 October 1757[aged 58]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mahmud I
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
13 Dec 1754 – 30 Oct 1757
Succeeded by
Mustafa III
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Mahmud I
Caliph of Islam
13 Dec 1754 – 30 Oct 1757
Succeeded by
Mustafa III
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