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Northumberland National Park

 

Northumberland National Park

Northumberland National Park
Protected Area
View of Hadrian's Wall, Northumberland National Park
Country United Kingdom
Part England
Counties Northumberland
IUCN category V - Protected Landscape/Seascape

Northumberland National Park is the northernmost national park in England. It covers an area of more than 1,030 square kilometres (400 sq mi) between the Scottish border in the north to just south of Hadrian's Wall. It is one of the least populated and least visited of the National Parks. The park lies entirely within Northumberland, covering about a quarter of the county.

The park covers several distinct areas. In the north are the Cheviots, a range of hills that mark the border between England and Scotland. Further south, the hills give way to areas of rolling moorland, some of which have been covered by forestry plantations to form Kielder Forest. The southernmost part of the park covers the dramatic central section of Hadrian's Wall, dating from the Roman occupation.

The 10,000-year history of human habitation of the region is explored through the many archaeological sites, ranging from prehistoric monuments and Roman remains to Pele towers, constructed as a defence against Border Reivers.

The Park's official symbol is the curlew.

Looking north down College Valley in the Cheviot Hills
Hethpool Lake, north of Hethpool house

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Geography 2
  • Otterburn Training Area 3
  • Dark Sky Park status 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Etymology

The Northumberland National Park takes its name from the English county of Northumberland. Northumberland means "country north of the River Humber" and is related to the name "Northumbria," referring to the former Anglo-Saxon kingdom which once covered much of Northern England. The national park lies totally within the boundaries of Northumberland.

Geography

The Northumberland National Park covers a large area of Western Northumberland and borders the English county of Cumbria and the Scottish council area of The Scottish Borders. The national park encompasses much of the Cheviot hills and adjoins the Southern uplands of Scotland, which the hills are sometimes considered a part of. Part of Kielder Forest lies within the park, and in other areas forms a forest park. Kielder Forest is the largest man-made forest in Europe and surrounds Kielder Water.

Otterburn Training Area

The Ministry of Defence in the United Kingdom owns much of the land in the national park as the Otterburn Training Area. Some parts of this training area are off-limits; others can be accessed only at certain times or with permission. The training area accounts for 23% of the Northumberland National Park.

Dark Sky Park status

In December 2013 the International Dark-Sky Association conferred Dark Sky Park status on the area; it is the largest protected Dark Sky Park in Europe.[1]

References

  1. ^ "Dark sky status awarded to Northumberland Park area". bbc.co.uk. 2013-12-09. Retrieved 2013-12-09. 

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
Northumberland National Park travel guide from Wikivoyage

  • Homepage for Northumberland National Park Authority
  • Homepage for Northumberland National Park Mountain Rescue Team

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