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North Paravur

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Title: North Paravur  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Paravur Taluk, Kunnukara, Ernakulam district, Varappuzha, Saint Thomas Christian churches
Collection: Cities and Towns in Ernakulam District, Neighbourhoods of Kochi
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North Paravur

North Paravur, also Paravur Taluk formerly known as Parur is a town, municipality formed in 1912 Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is an old and growing municipality. Parur is considered as the gateway to Malabar. Paravur is the capital of Paravur Taluk in Ernakulam district. Though considered a part of Kochi for all practical purposes, the town is 17 km away from Edappally in city of Kochi. It is a northern suburb of Kochi City.

Overview

The coastal highway NH-66 Panvel-Kanyakumari (NH-17 Kochi – Mumbai) passes through this historic and forgotten town. The National Waterway – 3 Kollam – Kottapuram passes through the west end of the taluk.

The name Paravur is derived from Parayur. This is one of the 64 villages created by Parashurama. This town had been an old trading post, has a Jewish synagogue and had a thriving Jewish community before their conversion to Syrian Christians in the first century and their resettlement in Israel after its establishment. Cochin Jews lived in the towns of Kochi and North Paravur.

The various denominations of modern Saint Thomas Christians ascribe their unwritten tradition to the end of the 2nd century and believe that Thomas landed at Maliankara village in Paravur Taluk in AD 52. In AD 52 (St. Thomas) founded the churches popularly known as 'Ezharappallikal'(seven and half churches). Two of such churches are at Parur (Kottakkaavu) and Kodungallur.

History

Paravur was under the administration of Paravur king. Vypin was also in Parur. Paravur king joined with Kochi country, but later Parur transferred to the Travancore area (1864) as part of an agreement. The taluk was divided into Paravur and Alangad. Alangad comprised most parts of present day Aluva taluk. Muziris in Pattanam was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries, and was known to the Yavanas (Greeks) as well as Romans, Jews, Arabs, and Chinese since ancient times. At that period Paravur area included Puthenchira, Mala area of Mukundapuram_(tehsil) taluk, Aluva taluk. Kochi rose to significance as a trading centre after the port at Muziris destroyed by massive flooding of the river Periyar in 1341. It was told till that time the Periyar River had a width of Cherai to Munambam. The mud and sand literally destroyed this natural port and the whole City along with its wealth went below the mud and sand.

Chendamangalam a historical place is also in Paravur. Chendamangalam was the place of Paliath Achans who was the ministers of Kochi kings. Now There is a palace of paliath family in Chendamangalam. Chavara monastery is in Koonammavu. North Paravur municipality is one among the former municipalities in Ernakulam District. Today it is a populated residential town in Ernakulam district due to its historical importance. Gothuruth an island in Parur is the birthplace of Chavittunatakam. Parayipetta panthirikulam folkstory believed to be happened in this area.

One small stream named "Vadathodu" is flowing towards the Periyar river, which was once an International boundary separating the Kingdom of Cochin from the Travancore Kingdom. On its west lay Travancore (Madaplathuruthu and Moothakunnam), and on its east was Kingdom of Cochin (Vadakkumpuram and, of course, Chendamangalam where Paliath Achan, the Cochin Kingdom's minister lived). So goes one story: a thief, chased by the police of one kingdom, crossed Vadathodu over to the other kingdom, and escaped; the police had to simply watch on helplessly. International borders didn't matter for thieves, but did for the police.

Economy

Paravur was once famous in the district for its traditional industries like coir, handlooms and agriculture. Now it's changing to a major residential suburb of Cochin where people looking jobs in city. The Eloor-Edayar industrial belt is in Paravur Taluk.

Geography

Paravur is located at 8.78° N 76.7° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet). The town is situated at north end of Ernakulam district and bordering with Thrissur district. The towns in Thrissur district like Kodungallore, Mala, Chalakudy and the towns Kalamassery, Aluva, Angamaly, Vypin island are located near to this town. The Paravur Taluk lies in the flat delta region of the Periyar river and cut by several canals, which have resulted in the formation of many islands. The Kodungalloor Kayal (backwaters) and Varappuzha Kayal (backwaters) are in this taluk.

Education

Education Institutions

  • Hindi Prachara Sabha, Alengad

Professional colleges

  • Sree Narayana Medical College, Chalaka SNIMS Portal
  • SNMIMT Engineering college, Maliankara SNMIMT Portal
  • SNGIST Professional College, Manjaly SNGIST Portal
  • MES College of Engineering and Technology, Kunnukara MESCET Portal
  • Holymatha College of Technology, Manakkapady Holymatha Portal

Colleges

  • MES Arts and Science College, Kunnukara MES Portal
  • SNM College, Maliankara,(Aided)
  • Kesari Arts & Science College,Kesari road,(NH)
  • Sree Narayana Arts & Science College, Kedamangalam
  • Presentation college, Puthanvelikkara
  • IHRD College, Puthanvelikkara
  • Mar Gregorious Arts & Science College
  • CAPE College(Proposed)
  • Bishop Thannikode Memorial Women's College, Koonammavu
  • Lakshmi College,parallel college with more than three thousand students.

Teaching

  • SNM Training College, Moothakunnam (Aided) SNM Training College Portal
  • SNM TTI,Moothakunnam
  • HDPY B.Ed College, Mattupuram

ITC

  • SNM ITC Moothakunnam
  • Chavara ITC Koonammavu
  • Ghadi Gramaudyog Bhavan, Nanthiyattukunnam

Nursing

  • Donbosco, Fort road
  • Madhavi Sami Memmorial School of Nursing, Eloor

Major Schools CBSE

  • Infant Jesus Senior Secondary School,Kurumthottiparamb,'North Paravur'
  • Holy India Group,(town)& Kaitharam, 'North Paravur'.
  • Adarsha Vidya Bhavan Senior Secondary School, Nanthiyaattkunnam, North Paravur
  • MES Central School,Kunnukara
  • MES
Central School,Eloor
  • Toc-H School,Eloor
  • Chavara Darsan CMI public School, Koonammavu
  • Little Hearts, Kizhkepram,Paravur
  • H.D.P.Y. English Mediium School, Andippillikavu.
  • Mannam Memorial N.S.S Engilish Medium School Puthenvelikkara
  • Alengad Jamath School
  • Kadungallur Rajasree S.M.M School
  • Mar Gregorious School, Paravur
  • Peace International School,Thathapilly
  • Maria Teresa Scrilli public school,court road North paravur
  • Tiny Tots Pre- Primary Smart School Valluvally N. Paravur

Major Schools AIDED & GOVERNMENT

  • Paliyam Government Higher Secondary School, Chendamangalam
  • D.D.S.H.S Karimpadam
  • Government Higher Secondary School (Boys), North Paravur
  • Government Higher Secondary School (Girls), North Paravur
  • Government Upper Primary School, Vadakkumpuram
  • Sree Narayana Higher Secondarty School, North Paravur
  • St.Alosius Higher Secondary School,North Paravur
  • Samooham Higher Secondary School, North Paravur

Day care and Play school.

Tiny Tots Day Care,Play School & Pre School (N.Parvoor)

Religious

The reason for so many temples in the region is attributed to the influence of Travancore State and Cochin State rulers who ruled North Paravur for many years. Also at different points in history Outside Brahmins came to this town, settled here and constructed temples for themselves and for their workers who spoke same or similar languages.

Temples

Major Temples in the taluk

  • Peruvaram Mahadeva Temple, Paravur. At this temple, normally there is Prasad Lunch, at least once a month, during Nama Japam.
  • Kannankulangara Sreekrishna Temple, Paravur.
  • Dakshina Mookambika Temple North Paravur- One of the most important Saraswathy temples in Kerala
  • Kalikulangara Temple, Nanthiattukunam, Paravur: Famous for Thendu. Administerd by Sivagiri Trust.
  • Chakkumarassery Sree Kumara Ganesha Mangalam Maha-Temple, Muravanthuruth, Vadakkekara.
  • Sree Balaparameswari Temple, Kochangadi, Vadakkumpuram.
  • Thiravallur Shiva Temple, Alangad, Paravur.
SreeKrishnaSwami Temple Kottayilkovilakam
  • Munduruthy Kavu Temple at Munduruthy
  • Venketachalapathi GSB Temple at KMK Junction
  • Thonniakavu Bhadrakali Temple, Paravur.
  • Perumpadanna Mahadeva Temple, Paravur- Undertaken by Kudumbi Samudaya Mahajana Sabha, N. paravur
  • Veluthattamma Temple, Kedamangalam, Paravur (Famous for a ritual called Muttu to predict uncertainties related to marriage, career etc.).
  • Ayroor Pisharikkal Sree Durga Temple
  • Vettakaran Temple at Thirumuppam Variam
  • Sree Krishna Swami Temple, Kottayilkovilakam
  • Puthenvelikara karottu sree krishna temple -Undertaken by N.S.S karayogam puthenvelikara.
  • Mannam Sree subramaniya swami temple North Paravoor
  • NandhiKulangara sreekrishna Temple

Churches

Kottakkavu Mar Thoma Syro-Malabar Pilgrim Church (old) founded by St. Thomas the Apostle and rebuilt in 9th century by Mar Sabor and Mar Proth
Kottakkavu Mar Thoma Syro-Malabar Pilgrim Church (new)
Cemetery of Kottakkavu Syro-Malabar Church

Major churches in taluk

  • Kottakkavu Mar Thoma Syro-Malabar Pilgrim Church, North Paravur founded by St. Thomas in A.D. 52
  • St. Thomas Church, North Paravur where the tomb of Mar Gregorios Abdul Jaleel is situated
  • Mar Sleeva Syro-Malabar Church, Kadalvathuruth
  • St. Antony's Church, Chettikkad
  • St. Don Bosco Roman Catholic Latin Church, North Paravur.
  • St. Joseph Cottolengo Roman Catholic Latin Church, North Paravur.
  • Alengad Kunnel Church
  • Gothuruth St. Sebastians Church
  • Kunjithai St.Francis Xavier Church
  • Malavana St. George's Church
  • Vyakulambika Matha Church, Pattanam
  • Ayroor St. Antony's Church
  • Kuthiathodu St. Francis Xavier Church
  • Thuruthur St.Thomas Church
  • Ezhikara church
  • Little Flower Church Koottukad (Latin-Rite)
  • St. Mary's Assumption Church, Ezhikkara
  • St. Vincent Ferrar church, Chathanad
  • St. Germain's Syro-Malabar Church, Kacheripady, North Paravur

Masjid's

  • Paravur Juma Masjid
  • Isha athu Sunna Juma Masjid Near Pvt Bust Stand N.Paravur
  • Paravur Pattalam Juma Masjid
  • Perumpadanna Juma Masjid
  • Manjaly Juma Masjid
  • Kattenellure Munavarsha Thangal Masjid Tattappilly
  • Kadungallur Juma Masjid
  • Parappuram Juma Masjid
  • Eloor Juma Masjid
  • Ezhikara Juma Masjid
  • Vaniyakkad Juma Masjid
  • Kaitharam juma masjid
  • Valluvally juma masjid
  • Cheriyappilly juma masjid

Festivals

  • Paravur Mookambika Navarathri festival
  • Kalikulangara valiyavilka fest
  • Moothakunam temple fest
  • Dukrana of St. Thomas the Apostle.
  • The annual feast of St. Antony at St. Antony's Church.
  • The celebration of Sacred Heart of Jesus , Don Bosco Church North Paravur.
  • Perumpadanna Holi fest at Perumpadanna KSMS Mahadeva temple.
  • Unnimisiha Chapel, Madaplathuruth.
  • Chakkumarassery Temple Fest
  • The feast of [St. Threasa] at Little Flower Church (koottukad)

Places of interest in Taluk

Civic administration

North Paravur is the headquarters of Paravur Taluk and Paravur, Kalamassery State Assembly constituencies. North Paravur and Eloor are Municipalities in Paravur Taluk. The Grama Panchayats in Paravur Taluk are Alengad, Chendamangalam, Chittatukara, Ezhikkara, Kadungalloor, Karumalore, Kottuvally, Kunnukara, Puthanvelikkara, Vadakkekara and Varappuzha. The Block Panchayats are Paravur and Alengad. Paravur, Kalamassery Assembly constituencies belong to Ernakulam (Lok Sabha constituency)constituency. V.D Satheesan is the M.L.A of Paravur from 2001. North Paravur is the seat of Ernakulam Additional District court. Other courts are Munsif, Magistrate. There is Sales Tax, Supplies, Sub Treasury offices in Paravur. Paravur civil station is located in Kacheri compound. In India electronic Voting Machines ("EVM")were first used in 1982 in the by-election to North Paravur Assembly Constituency of Kerala for a limited number of polling stations (50 polling stations). Alengad block is situated at Kottapuram.

Police stations in the Taluk area Paravur Circle: Paravur Station, Varapuzha Stations Vadakkekara Circle: Vadakkekara Station, Puthenvelikkara Station Eloor area: Binanipuram Station,Eloor Station Alengad Station Fire Service: Paravur Fire Station, FACT Eloor

Transport

KL-42 is the RTO code for Paravur Taluk, Vypin and North Paravur. Paravur JRTO is situated at Perumpadanna. There is a KSRTC Subdepot, Private Limited Stop bus stand and a Private bus stand in the

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