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Nerima

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Title: Nerima  
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Nerima

Nerima
練馬区
Special ward
Nerima City
A street in Hikarigaoka, Nerima
A street in Hikarigaoka, Nerima
Flag of Nerima
Flag
Location of Nerima in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Nerima in Tokyo Metropolis
Nerima is located in Japan
Nerima
Location in Japan
Coordinates:
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo Metropolis
Area
 • Total 48.16 km2 (18.59 sq mi)
Population (2010-04-01)
 • Total 713,995
 • Density 14,443/km2 (37,410/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Kobushi Magnolia
 • Flower Azalea
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City Hall Address 6-12-1 Toyotama-kita, Nerima
176-8501
Phone number 03-3993-1111
Website .jp.tokyo.nerima.citywww

Nerima (練馬区 Nerima-ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. In English, it calls itself Nerima City.

As of August 1, 2007, the ward has an estimated population of 703,005, with 323,296 households and a population density of 14,443 persons per km². 12,897 foreign residents are registered in the ward. 18.4% of the ward's population is over the age of 65. The total area is 48.16 km².

Nerima has a sister-city relationship with Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. Nerima Gardens in Ipswich commemorates the tie. Nerima also has a similar link to Haidian District, Beijing, China.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Economy 3
  • Anime and manga 4
  • Education 5
    • Public schools 5.1
      • High schools 5.1.1
    • National schools 5.2
    • Private schools 5.3
    • Colleges and universities 5.4
    • International Schools 5.5
  • Transportation 6
    • Rail 6.1
    • Bus 6.2
    • Road 6.3
  • Leisure 7
    • Amusement parks 7.1
    • Museums 7.2
    • Parks 7.3
  • Media 8
  • Other 9
  • International relations 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

History

In the Edo period, the area was mostly farmland producing daikon radishes, gobo burdocks, and potatoes. After the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, many people from central Tokyo moved to the area.[1]

In October 1, 1932, Nerima town, and Kami-Nerima, Naka-Arai, Shakujii and Ōizumi Villages were incorporated in Old Tokyo City. Prior to the creation of the ward on August 1, 1947, the area had been part of Itabashi. In 1952, the Japan Self-Defense Forces established a base there. The first division of the eastern group of the Ground Self-Defense Force has its headquarters there. The United States Forces Japan already had a base, Grant Heights, which it returned to Japanese control in 1973. Grant Heights had been Narimasu airfield under the Imperial Japanese Army until the end of World War II. The runway is now the main street in front of the IMA department store in Hikarigaoka.

Geography

Shakujii River and cherry blossoms

Nerima lies at the northwestern edge of the 23 special wards of Tokyo. Its neighbors are the special wards of Itabashi (to the east), Suginami, Toshima and Nakano (to the south), as well as the cities of Musashino (to the southwest) and Nishi-Tokyo (to the west). To the north lie three cities in Saitama Prefecture: Wako, Asaka and Niiza.

Economy

With 3.42 km² of farms, Nerima has the largest area of agricultural land among the special wards. Nerima provides 40% of the cabbage grown in Tokyo. One of the famous products of Nerima is the Nerima daikon radish. It is primarily grown for pickling.

In 1994, there were 572 factories in Nerima employing about 8,000 and producing goods worth about ¥170,000,000,000. The factories are mostly small, producing machinery, parts for radio and communications equipment, and other goods.

Toei Animation has its headquarters in the Ohizumi Studio in Nerima.[2] Anime International Company has its headquarters in the AIC Digital Building.[3] In addition, Studio Comet,[4] Studio Gallop, and Mushi Production have their headquarters in Nerima.[5]

Anime and manga

Nerima is the birthplace of anime in Japan. A large number of anime production studios are also located in Nerima, such as Toei Animation, Studio Gallop, Mushi Production and AIC.[6][7]

Ranma ½, Doraemon, Digimon Adventure, Urusei Yatsura, and Nerima Daikon Brothers and Tokyo Ghoul take place in Nerima. Other works such as Astro Boy and Candy Candy were also produced here.

Education

Nihon University Ekoda Campus

Public schools

High schools

  • Fourth Commercial High School
  • Hikarigaoka High School
  • Igusa High School
  • Nerima High School
  • Nerima Technical High School
  • Oizumi High School
  • Oizumi Gakuen High School
  • Oizumi Sakura High School
  • Shakujii High School
  • Tagara High School

National schools

  • Oizumi elementary school attached to Tokyo Gakugei University
  • Oizumi junior high school attached to Tokyo Gakugei University
  • Tokyo Gakugei University senior high school

Private schools

  • One elementary school
  • Three junior high schools
  • Four high schools

Colleges and universities

International Schools

  • Aoba-Japan International School

Transportation

Rail

Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line
Seibu Ikebukuro Line

Bus

  • Kanto Bus
  • Keio Bus: The Chu 92 bus travels between Nerima and Nakano Stations
  • Kokusai-Kogyo Bus
  • Seibu Bus
  • Toei Bus: The Bus Service Division of the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation operates 5 routes in Nerima Ward.

Road

  • Expressways:
  • National highways:
  • Other major roads:
    • Shin-Ōme Kaidō (Prefectural Road 245)
    • Mejiro Dōri (Prefectural Road 8)
    • Hoya Kaidō (Prefectural Road 233)
    • Kan-nana (Prefectural Road 318)
    • Kan-pachi (Prefectural Road 311)
    • Nakasugi Dōri (Prefectural Road 427)
    • Senkawa Dōri (Prefectural Road 439)
    • Fuji Kaidō (Prefectural Road 441)
    • Sasame Dōri (Prefectural Road 443&68)
    • Igusa Dōri (Prefectural Road 444)

Leisure

Toshimaen amusement park

Amusement parks

Museums

Parks

Jōhoku Central Park
  • Hikarigaoka Park
  • Shakujii Park
  • Ōizumi Central Park
  • Musashiseki Park
  • Jōhoku Central Park (on the boundary with Itabashi)

Media

Nerima prepares the Nerima News Azalea, a city newsletter, in English.[8]

Other

Nerima ward office
  • Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Nerima Base

International relations

Nerima is the sister city of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.city.nerima.tokyo.jp/kocho_koho/koho/publication/file/file01.pdf
  2. ^ "Outline." Toei Animation. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  3. ^ "Company Profile." Anime International Company. Retrieved on February 26, 2010. "AIC Digital Bldg. 3-19-9 Nakamura Kita, Nerima-Ku, Tokyo, Japan 176-0023"
  4. ^ "company (会社案内)." Studio Comet. Retrieved on March 15, 2012. "〒176-0013 東京都練馬区豊玉中3-1-3"
  5. ^ Home. Mushi Production. Retrieved on March 15, 2012. "〒177-0034 東京都練馬区 富士見台2-30-5"
  6. ^ Otaku No Video - Anime Liner Notes - AnimEigo (Japanese Animation)
  7. ^ Anime News Service Feature: Nerima: The Cradle Of Japanese Animation
  8. ^ http://www.city.nerima.tokyo.jp/kuho_gaikokugo/2006_10_5/english.pdf

External links

  • Nerima City official website (Japanese)
  • Nerima Animation Conference (Japanese) and (English)
  • Nerima Gardens page at Ipswich City Council site
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