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Nayanmars

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Nayanmars

This article is about Shaivite poets of Tamil Nadu. For the ethnic group, see Nayanar (Nair subcaste).
For other uses of the name, see Nayanmar.

The Nayanars or Nayanmars (Tamil: நாயன்மார்கள்) were devotional saint poets of Shiva in Tamil Nadu, active between the fifth and the tenth centuries CE. The Tamil Śhaiva (related to Shiva) hagiography Periya Puranam (a volume of the Tirumurai written during the 13th century CE) narrates the history of each of sixty-three Nayanars and the history of nine Thokai Adiyars.

Sundarar's eighth-century work Thiruthoṇdar thogai lists 60 Shaiva saints[1] but gives none of the legends associated with them. In the 10th century CE Nambiyandar Nambi composed the Tirutoṇṭar Antādi, a sequence of inter-locking verses whose title can be rendered as the Necklace of Verses on the Lord's Servants. In this work Nambi adds Sundarar himself and his parents to the sequence, creating what is now the canonical list of sixty-three saints, each with a brief sketch of his legend.

Nayanars were from varied backgrounds, ranging from kings and soldiers to Dalits. The foremost Nayanars are Appar, Sundarar and Sambandar. Together with the twelve Vaishnava Alvars, the Nayanars are sometimes accounted South India's 75 Apostles of Bhakti because of their importance in the rise of the Hindu Bhakti movement.

They praised 275 of this deity's most holy temple abodes as the Paadal Petra Sthalams of the Shiva Sthalams on the continent.

The sixty-three Nayanmars


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  1. Adipaththar – Fisherman caste
  2. Aiyadigal Kadavarkon Nayanar, Pallava King Aiyadigal Perumaanaar
  3. Amaraneedi Nayanar – Vellala caste
  4. Anaya Nayanar – Shepard caste
  5. Atputhi Adigal – Pallava Kshatriya caste
  6. Arivattaya Nayanar – Vellala caste
  7. Chandeshvara Nayanar – Brahman caste
  8. Cheraman Perumal Kazharirtrarivaar, Chera King, also called as Kootruva Nayanar – Kshatriya caste
  9. Dandi Adigal Nayanar – Brahman caste, and born blind
  10. Enathinathar – Nadar Sudra caste
  11. Eripaththa Nayanar
  12. Eyarkon Kalikkaama Nayanar
  13. Gananatha Nayanar
  14. Idankazhi Nayanar – Irukku Velirs (Yadava) royalty
  15. Ilayankudi Maranar – Maravar Kshatriya caste
  16. Isaignaniyaar – a Brahman woman, and Mother of Chandeshvara Nayanar
  17. Iyarpagaiar – Vaishya caste
  18. Kari Nayanar
  19. Kalikkamba Nayanar – Vaishya caste
  20. Kaliya Nayanar – Sekkar (Oil-monger) Sudra caste
  21. Kanampulla Nayanar
  22. Kannappa Nayanar – Hunter tribal
  23. Karaikkal Ammaiyar – a Vaishya woman
  24. Kazharchinga Nayanar – Kaadavar royalty of the Vanniyar caste
  25. Kochengat Chola, A Chola King
  26. Kotpuliyar Nayanar – Vellala caste
  27. Kulachchirai Nayanar – Brahman mister to the Pandya king Ninra Sir Nedumara Nayanar
  28. Kungiliyak Kalaya Nayanar – Brahman temple priest
  29. Manakkanychaara Nayanar – Vellala caste
  30. Mangayarkkarasiyar, a Chola Princess, the Queen of the Pandya king Ninra Seer Nedumaara Nayanar
  31. Meiporul Nayanar – Cheti Nadu King
  32. Munayaduvaar Nayanar – Kshatriya caste, and Mercinary soldier
  33. Murkha Nayanar
  34. Murti Nayanar – Vaishya caste
  35. Muruga Nayanar – Brahman temple priest
  36. Nami Nandi Adigal – Brahman caste
  37. Nandanar Thirunalai Povar Nayanar, (popularly known as Nandanar) – Pulayar caste
  38. Narasinga Muniyaraiyar Nayanar
  39. Nesa Nayanar
  40. Ninra Seer Nedumaara Nayanar – Pandya king, and former Jain
  41. Perumizhalai Kurumba Nayanar
  42. Pugal Cholar, Chola Monarch
  43. Pugazh Thunai Nayanar – A Brahmin army-commander of the Chola dynasty
  44. Pusalar – Brahman caste
  45. Rudra Pasupathi Nayanar – Brahmin caste
  46. Saakkiya nayanar – Vellala caste, and former Buddhist
  47. Sadaiya Nayanar – Brahman caste, and father of Sundara Nayanar
  48. Sambandar (Tirugnaana Sambandar) – Brahman caste
  49. Saththi Nayanar – Vellala caste
  50. Seruthtunai Nayanar – King
  51. Sirappuli Nayanar – Brahman caste
  52. Siruthondar
  53. Somaachi Maara Nayanar
  54. Sundarar
  55. Thirukkurippu Thondar – Vannar (Washerman) caste
  56. Thiruneelakandar – Kulalar (Potter) caste
  57. Tirumoolar – Idaiyar or Shepard caste
  58. Tirunavukkarasar, popularly known as Appar, Vellala
  59. Tiruneela Nakkar – Brahman caste
  60. Tirunilakanda Yaazpaanar – Pana Dalit caste
  61. Vaayilaar – Vellala caste
  62. Viranminda nayanar – Vellala caste

Sakya Bayanar was a former Buddhist and Kutruva Nayanar was a former Jain.

See also

Notes

External links

  • Nayanmar temples map
  • [1]
  • [2]

References

  • Sixty-Three Nayanmar Saints.
  • – 63 Nayanmar Stories
  • Stories Of Nayanars PDF Download – In Telugu
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