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National Youth Day (India)

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Title: National Youth Day (India)  
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Subject: Swami Vivekananda, Swami Vivekananda Youth Employment Week, J. J. Goodwin, Karma Yoga (book), Vivekananda College, Madurai
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National Youth Day (India)

National Youth Day
Observed by  India
Significance Birthday of Swami Vivekananda
Begins 1984[1]
Date 12 January
Next time 12 January 2017 (2017-01-12)
Frequency annual

National Youth Day is celebrated in India on 12 January on the birthday of Swami Vivekananda. In 1984 the Government of India declared the day as the National Youth Day and since 1985 the event is celebrated in India every year.


In 1984, the Government of India declared and decided to observe the birthday of Swami Vivekanand (12 January, according to the English calendar) as a National Youth Day every year from 1985 onwards. To quote from the Government of India's communication, 'it was felt that the philosophy of Swamiji and the ideals for which he lived and worked could be a great source of inspiration for the Indian Youth.'[2]

On 12 January 2013, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh told in his address at the inauguration of four-year-long celebrations of Swami Vivekananda's 150th birth anniversary— [3]

What Gandhiji said captures the great importance of spreading Swami Vivekananda's ideas and ideals among the youth in our country today. He personified the eternal energy of the youth and their restless quest for truth. It is entirely fitting that the Government of India has declared 12th January, the birthday of Swami Vivekananda, as National Youth Day. We must work to rekindle the eternal message of this great patriot and son of India.

Celebration and activities

Swami Vivekananda's birthday (12 January 1863), according to the Indian Almanac (Vishuddha Siddhanta Almanac) is on Pausha Krishna Saptami tithi, which falls on different dates in the English Calendar every year (generally in the month of January). This is observed in various centres of Ramakrishna Math and Mission in a traditional Hindu manner which includes mangalarati (a kind of worship practised in India, specially by Hindu people), special worship, homa (fire-ritual), meditation, devotional songs, religious discourses and sandhya-arati (vesper service at evenings).

The National Youth Day is observed all over India at schools and colleges, with processions, speeches, recitations, music, youth conventions, seminars, Yogasanas, presentations, competitions in essay-writing, recitations and sports on 12 January every year. Swami Vivekananda's lectures and writings, deriving their inspiration from Indian spiritual tradition and the broad outlook of his Master Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa, are the source of inspiration and have motivated numerous youth organizations, study circles and service projects involving the youth.[4]

Swami Vivekananda's lectures and writings, deriving their inspiration from Indian spiritual tradition and the broad outlook of his Master Advaita Ashrama, Kolkata.

On the occasion, different people participate in several activities in all over India (and many parts of world as well) which promote youth in the field of education,art,culture and hope to generate moral values with enlightenment of inner soul.

On the occasion Mission Bhartiyam organises a two-day grand event in Uttar Pradesh of India for youths where more than a dozen activities take place for all age groups. The event is named Basti Yuvo Mahotsav. In fact, other government and non-profit organisations and corporate groups also celebrate in their way.

National Youth Festival (India) is an annual gathering of young people associated with National Youth Day. It includes cultural activities of both a competitive and non-competitive nature.

The Ramakrishna math, Chennai branch celebrates the National youth day yearly. As part of the National youth day celebrations, this year All India level Short film contest has been announced by Chennai Ramakrishna Math.[5]


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External links

  • National Youth Day
  • National Youth Day at Belur Math
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