World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mughal tribe

Article Id: WHEBN0015222963
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mughal tribe  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mughal Empire, Third Battle of Panipat, Abul-Hasan ibn Mirza Ghiyas Beg, Pakistanis in Nepal, Lajos Ligeti
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mughal tribe

Mughal
A photo from 'The People of India', published from 1868 to the early 1870s by WH Allen, for the India Office
Regions with significant populations
South Asia
Languages
SindhiUrduPunjabiBengali
Religion
Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
Turkic peoplesMongol peoples

The Mughals (Persian: مغول‎‎; Urdu: مغل‎; Arabic: مغول‎, also spelled Moghul or Mogul) are a number of culturally related clans of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. In theory, the Mughals are descended from the various Central Asian Turko-Mongol[1] armies that settled in the region. The term Mughal (or Mughul in Persian) literally means Mongolian.[2]

In North India

In North India, the term Mughal refers to one of the four social groups that are referred to as the Ashraaf.[3]

Punjab

In the Punjab of Pakistan, the main clans of Punjabi Mughals are the Mirza Baigs descendents of the military leadership and warriors of the Mughal Empire as well as the Chagatai, and Barlas. They are Punjabi speaking and historically belonged to the aristocracy, with the majority belonging to the Sunni Hanafi sect. Today, marriages between Punjabi Mughals and Muslim Rajput are quite common, emulating historical customs when Mughal aristocrats formed blood alliances with the Punjabi Rajputs, who ruled princely states of Northern India.

Uttar Pradesh

In Uttar Pradesh (UP), their main clans are the Chagatai, Barlas, Douli, Qazilbash, Turkmen, Turk, Uzbek, Tajik, Kai and Chak. The Mughals of Uttar Pradesh belong to both the Sunni and Shia sects, with the majority belonging to the Sunni Hanafi sect. Sunni Mughals are usually orthodox in their religious outlook. The Shia Mughals of Awadh trace their entry into the region to the year 1750. The Mughals of UP are an endogamous community, marrying within their own community, or in communities of a similar status such as the Pathan and Muslim Rajput. The rural Mughals are farmers, and many own orchards, especially mango orchards, while in towns they are engaged in trade, handicrafts, and carpet weaving. Carpet weaving is an activity particularly associated with the UP Mughals.[4]

Delhi

The city of Delhi has always been associated with the Mughals, being the seat of the Mughal dynasty that ruled India for four centuries. Their settlements in Old Delhi date back to the 16th century when the first Mughal courtiers arrived with Babar. The Taimuri clan claims direct descent from the Mughal dynasty. Other sub-groups include the Chagatai, Turkman, Changezi,Douli, Barlas, Bakhst and Qazilbash. A large number of Mughals from old Delhi emigrated to Pakistan at partition. A small rump community is left in Delhi. They are still an endogamous community, marrying among themselves, or on occasions with communities of a similar status, such as the Pathan. The Taimuri are Sunni, while the Qazilbash and Turkmen are Shia.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Muslim Caste in Uttar Pradesh (A Study of Culture Contact), Ghaus Ansari, Lucknow, 1960
  4. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 986 to 990 Manohar Publications
  5. ^ People of India Delhi Volume XX edited by T. Ghosh & S. Nath pp. 485-489, Manohar Publications
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.