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Mount Pilatus

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Mount Pilatus

Mount Pilatus
Tomlishorn
East side
Elevation 2,128 m (6,982 ft)
Prominence 585 m (1,919 ft)[1]
Isolation 16.7 km (10.4 mi)[2]
Parent peak Brienzer Rothorn
Location
Mount Pilatus is located in Switzerland
Mount Pilatus
Location in Switzerland
Location Obwalden/Nidwalden, Switzerland
Range Emmental Alps
Coordinates
Climbing
First ascent 14th century
Easiest route Pilatus Railway (world's steepest cogwheel railway)

Mount Pilatus (German: Pilatus) is a mountain overlooking Lucerne in Central Switzerland. It is composed of several summits of which the highest (2,128 m) is named Tomlishorn. Another summit named Esel (2,119 m) lies just over the railway station. Jurisdiction over the massif is divided between the cantons of Obwalden, Nidwalden, and Lucerne. The main peaks are right on the border between Obwalden and Nidwalden.

Contents

  • Railway and summit 1
  • Fortifications 2
  • Dragon 3
  • Weather 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Railway and summit

The top can be reached with the Pilatus railway, the world's steepest cogwheel railway, from Alpnachstad, operating from May to November (depending on snow conditions), and the whole year with the aerial panorama gondolas and aerial cableways from Kriens. Both summits of Tomlishorn and Esel can be reached with a trail. Mount Pilatus has the longest summer toboggan track in Switzerland (0.88 miles or 1,350 m) and the biggest suspension rope park in Central Switzerland.

During the summer, the "Golden Round Trip" — a popular route for tourists — involves taking a boat from Lucerne across Lake Lucerne to Alpnachstad, going up on the cogwheel railway, coming down on the aerial cableways and panorama gondolas, and taking a bus back to Lucerne.

A few different local legends about the origin of the name exist. One claims that Mount Pilatus was named so because Pontius Pilate was buried there; a similar legend is told of Monte Vettore in Italy. Another is that the mountain looks like the belly of a large man, Pilate, lying on his back and was thus named for him. The name may also be derived from "pileatus," meaning "cloud-topped."

Numbered amongst those who have reached its summit are Conrad Gessner, Theodore Roosevelt, Arthur Schopenhauer (1804), Queen Victoria and Julia Ward Howe (1867).

Fortifications

The mountain is heavily fortified, with gun emplacements within the mountain just below the tourist viewing gallery.[3] The mountain has fortified radar and weather stations, not open to the public view and used all year round.

Dragon

A medieval legend had dragons with healing powers living on the mountain.[4] A chronicle from 1619 reads: 'as I was contemplating the serene sky by night, I saw a very bright dragon with flapping wings go from a cave in a great rock in the mount called Pilatus toward another cave, known as Flue, on the opposite side of the lake'.[5]

Weather

Climate data for Pilatus
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2
(28)
−2.3
(27.9)
−1
(30)
0.7
(33.3)
4.8
(40.6)
8.5
(47.3)
11.3
(52.3)
10.8
(51.4)
9
(48)
6.4
(43.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.9
(39)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−5
(23)
−3.9
(25)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.2
(36)
5.3
(41.5)
8.1
(46.6)
7.8
(46)
6.2
(43.2)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.1
(34)
Average low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−7.6
(18.3)
−6.4
(20.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
2.8
(37)
5.4
(41.7)
5.2
(41.4)
3.5
(38.3)
1.2
(34.2)
−4.1
(24.6)
−6.4
(20.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
170
(6.69)
180
(7.09)
202
(7.95)
168
(6.61)
155
(6.1)
159
(6.26)
183
(7.2)
109
(4.29)
87
(3.43)
157
(6.18)
183
(7.2)
1,953
(76.89)
Average precipitation days 14.3 11.9 15.2 14.8 15.8 16 14.3 14.7 10.6 9.3 12 14.2 163.1
Source: MeteoSchweiz[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Retrieved from the Swisstopo topographic maps. The key col is the Glaubenberg Pass (1,543 m).
  2. ^ Retrieved from Google Earth. The nearest point of higher elevation is north of the Widderfeld Stock.
  3. ^ "Mount Pilatus: Scenic Railway and Cable to Lucerne’s Mountain of Legends". Bargain Travel Europe. Retrieved November 2010. Mt Pilatus is also a military installation due to its view to the Swiss borders. 
  4. ^ "Dragon Legends - Pilatus Bahnen". Retrieved 10 September 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.strangehistory.net/2011/07/17/dragons-in-swtizerland/
  6. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 

External links

  • www.pilatus.ch
  • Pictures of Pilatus
  • photography, old postcards
  • Panoramas from Pilatus_Kulm
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