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In crystallography, the monoclinic crystal system is one of the 7 lattice point groups. A crystal system is described by three vectors. In the monoclinic system, the crystal is described by vectors of unequal length, as in the orthorhombic system. They form a rectangular prism with a parallelogram as its base. Hence two pairs of vectors are perpendicular, while the third pair makes an angle other than 90°.
Two monoclinic Bravais lattices exist: the primitive monoclinic and the centered monoclinic lattices, with layers with a rectangular and rhombic lattice, respectively.
The monoclinic crystal system class names, examples, Schönflies notation, Hermann-Mauguin notation, point groups, International Tables for Crystallography space group number,^{[1]} orbifold, type, and space groups are listed in the table below.
Sphenoidal is also monoclinic hemimorphic; Domatic is also monoclinic hemihedral; Prismatic is also monoclinic normal.
The three monoclinic hemimorphic space groups are as follows:
The four monoclinic hemihedral space groups include
An example of a monoclinic crystal is elemental sulfur (which can also occur in a rhombic form).^{[3]}
Actinium, Plutonium, Lawrencium, Periodic table, Protactinium
Chlorine, Solubility, Alcohol, Benzaldehyde, Benzyl alcohol
Specific gravity, Sodium, Argentina, Turkey, Kern County, California