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Monnet Authority

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Monnet Authority

Part of a series on the
History of the
European Union
EU enlargement between 1958 and 2013
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The Monnet Authority was the first High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), between 1952 and 1955. Its president was Jean Monnet of France.

Monnet resigned on Europe day 1955 following the failure of the European Defence Community[1][2] and was succeeded by the Mayer Authority. There were four more High Authorities before the ECSC was merged with the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community in 1967 to become the European Community.

Membership

The High Authority was based temporarily in Luxembourg City and consisted of nine members; one each for the small Benelux states, two for the larger states of France, Germany and Italy. Nevertheless, the Monnet Authority had two members from Belgium and one from Italy. The members were supposed to represent the general interest of the Community and were assisted by a consultative committee. Each member was involved in a number of areas, working with other members, and led one or two of those areas.

In addition to Jean Monnet of France, as President, the Authority comprised;[3]

Franz Etzel of Germany, First Vice-President

  • Markets, agreements, transport (President)
  • Social problems
  • External relations
  • Press and information
  • 'Messina' working group

Albert Coppé of Belgium, Second Vice-President

  • Long term policy (President)
  • Markets, agreements, transport
  • Press and information
  • 'Messina' working group

Paul Finet of Belgium

  • Social Problems (President)
  • Administrative questions (President)

Dirk Spierenburg of Netherlands

  • External relations (President)
  • Markets, agreements, transport
  • 'Messina' working group

Léon Daum of France

  • Finance, investment, production (President)
  • Instructions group (President)
  • Long-term policy
  • Markets, agreements, transport
  • Press and information

Enzo Giacchero of Italy

  • Press and information (President)
  • Long-term policy
  • Finance, investment, production
  • Administrative questions
  • Instructions group

Albert Wehrer of Luxembourg

  • Finance, investment, production
  • Social Problems
  • External relations
  • Administrative questions
  • Instructions group

Heinz Potthof of Germany

  • Long-term policy
  • Finance, investment, production
  • Administrative questions
  • Instructions group

See also

References

  1. ^ Debates in the Common Assembly of the ECSC On CVCE.eu
  2. ^ Address given by Jean Monnet on the occasion of his resignation from the ECSC High Authority On CVCE.eu
  3. ^ Members of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) On CVCE.eu

External links

  • President Monnet on the opening of the common market. Recorded speech (00:00:19). Available on CVCE website - Centre virtuel de la connaissance sur l'Europe
  • ECSC activities between 1952 and 1957 CVCE - Centre virtuel de la connaissance sur l'Europe
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