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Mitropa Cup

Mitropa Cup
Sport Football
Founded 1927
No. of teams various
Countries Central European teams
Ceased 1992
Nations which participated in the Mitropa Cup (1927-1940)

The Mitropa Cup, officially called the La Coupe de l'Europe Centrale, was one of the first international major European football cups for club sides. After World War II in 1951 a replacement tournament named Zentropa Cup was held; the Mitropa Cup name was later revived, but the tournament declined and was discontinued after 1992.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Winners 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

A first "international" competition for football clubs was founded in 1897 in Vienna. The Challenge Cup was invented by John Gramlick Sr., a co-founder of the Vienna Cricket and Football Club. In this cup competition all clubs of the Austro-Hungarian Empire that normally would not meet could take part, though actually almost only clubs from the Empire's three major cities Vienna, Budapest and Prague participated. The Challenge Cup was carried out until the year 1911 and is today seen as the predecessor to the Mitropa Cup and consequently the European Cup and Champions League. The last winner of the cup was Vienna Sports Club, one of the oldest and most traditional football clubs of Austria where the cup still remains.

The idea of a European cup competition was shaped after World War I which brought the defeat and collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The centre of this idea were the Central European countries that, at this time, were still leading in continental football. In the early 1920s they introduced professional leagues, the first continental countries to do so. Austria started in 1924, followed by Hungary in 1925 and Czechoslovakia in 1926. In order to strengthen the dominance of these countries in European football and to financially support the professional clubs, the introduction of the Mitropa Cup was decided at a meeting in Venice on 17 July, following the initiative of the head of the Austrian Football Association (ÖFB), Hugo Meisl.[1][2][3] Moreover, the creation of a European Cup for national teams - that unlike the Challenge Cup and the Mitropa Cup would not be annual - was also part of the agreement. The first matches were played on 14 August of that year. The competition was between the top professional teams of Central Europe.

Initially two teams each from Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia entered, competing in a knock-out competition. The countries involved could either send their respective league winners and runners-up, or league winners and cup winners to take part. The first winners were the Czech side, AC Sparta Prague. In 1929 Italian teams replaced the Yugoslavian ones. The competition was expanded to four teams from each of the competing countries in 1934. Other countries were invited to participate - Switzerland in 1936, and Romania, Switzerland and Yugoslavia in 1937. Austria was withdrawn from the competition following the Anschluss in 1938. In 1939, prior to the start of WW II, the cup involved only eight teams (two each from Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Italy and one each from Romania and Yugoslavia). The level of the competing nations is clearly shown by Italy's two World Cup titles (1934 & 1938), Czechoslovakia's (1934) and Hungary's (1938) World Cup final, and Austria's (1934) and Yugoslavia's (1930) semi-finals. Out of the eleven different teams competing in the first three World Cups, five were part of the Mitropa Cup.

A tournament was started in 1940, but abandoned before the final match due to World War II. Again, only eight teams competed, three each from Hungary and Yugoslavia and two from Romania. Hungarian Ferencváros and Romanian Rapid (which had won on lots after three draws) qualified for the final, but did not meet because the northern part of Transylvania (lost shortly after World War I) was ceded back to Hungary from Romania. After World War II, the cup was resumed in 1951, initially as Zentropa Cup. The Cup, once again named Mitropa Cup, lost much of its status because of the introduction of other European club competitions, and faced an ongoing decline. By the 1980s it was competed for between the second division champions of the participating countries. It was last played for in 1992, and won by Yugoslav side Borac Banja Luka in front of fewer than a thousand spectators.

Winners

Year Winners Notes
1927 AC Sparta Prague
1928 Ferencváros
1929 Újpest FC
1930 SK Rapid Wien
1931 First Vienna FC
1932 Bologna F.C. 1909
1933 FK Austria Wien
1934 Bologna F.C. 1909
1935 AC Sparta Prague
1936 FK Austria Wien
1937 Ferencváros
1938 SK Slavia Praha
1939 Újpest FC
1940 Cancelled due to World War II
1941–1950 Tournament not played
1951 SK Rapid Wien Tournament played as "Zentropa Cup"
1955 Vörös Lobogó
1956 Vasas Budapest
1957 Vasas Budapest
1958 Red Star Belgrade Tournament held as Donaupokal (Danube cup)
1959 Budapest Honvéd FC
1960 Hungary Results of 6 clubs from 5 countries were added on a national basis
1961 Bologna F.C. 1909
1962 Vasas Budapest
1963 MTK Budapest
1964 AC Sparta Prague
1965 Vasas Budapest
1966 AC Fiorentina
1967 FC Spartak Trnava
1968 Red Star Belgrade
1969 Inter Bratislava
1970 Vasas Budapest
1971 NK Čelik Zenica
1972 NK Čelik Zenica
1973 Tatabányai Bányász
1974 Tatabányai Bányász
1975 FC Wacker Innsbruck
1976 FC Wacker Innsbruck
1977 FK Vojvodina
1978 FK Partizan
1979 Tournament not played
1980 Udinese Calcio
1981 Tatran Prešov
1982 AC Milan
1983 Vasas Budapest
1984 SC Eisenstadt
1985 Iskra Bugojno
1986 SC Pisa
1987 Ascoli Calcio
1988 SC Pisa
1989 FC Baník Ostrava
1990 A.S. Bari
1991 Torino Calcio
1992 Borac Banja Luka

See also

References

  1. ^ Mitropa Cup History - Ref: RSSSF.com
  2. ^ Mitropa Cup History - Ref: IFFHS.de (German)
  3. ^ Mitropa Cup History - Ref: Radio.cz

External links

  • Mitropa Cup statistics


The history of the tournament site - International Federation of Football History & Statistics - IFFHS

  • 1927 year date, score, report, all games tournament
  • 1928 year date, score, report, all games tournament
  • 1929 year date, score, report, all games tournament
  • 1930 year date, score, report, all games tournament
  • 1931 year date, score, report, all games tournament
  • 1932 year date, score, report, all games tournament
  • 1933 year date, score, report, all games tournament
  • 1934 year date, score, report, all games tournament (part 1) + all games tournament (part 2)
  • 1935 year date, score, report, all games tournament (part 1) + all games tournament (part 2)
  • 1936 year date, score, report, all games tournament (part 1) + all games tournament (part 2) + all games tournament (part 3)
  • 1937 year date, score, report, all games tournament (part 1) + all games tournament (part 2)
  • 1938 year date, score, report, all games tournament => in the process of drafting
  • 1939 year date, score, all games tournament - in the process of drafting
  • 1940 year date, score, all games tournament - in the process of drafting
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