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Title: Misandry  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Misogyny, Men's rights movement, Discrimination, Gender studies, Man
Collection: Discrimination, Gender, Misandry, Sexism, Sexual and Gender Prejudices
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



  • Taxonavigation 1
  • Name 2
  • Selected references 3
  • Origins 4
  • "Patriarchal" and "disposable" males 5
  • Radical feminism and misandry 6
  • Feminism and misandry 7
  • Criticism of the use of the term 8
  • In literature 9
    • Ancient Greek literature 9.1
    • Modern literature 9.2
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • Further reading 12
  • External links 13


Species: Hercinothrips errans


Hercinothrips errans

Selected references

  • New or little-known Oriental Thysanoptera. Philipp. had ever proposed to marry her. She could not account for it, and it was a growing source of bitterness, of misogyny as well as misandry.[1] Misandry can be manifested in numerous ways, including sexual discrimination, denigration of men, violence against men, and sexual objectification of men. The form "misandrist" was first used in 1871.

Misandry can take the form of the marginalisation of men, in which they perform the most dangerous occupations and are regarded as being disposable, men having lower life expectancy and higher suicide rates than women. It has been described as damaging to both men and women, preventing mutual respect between the sexes.

Although the word is relatively modern, there is evidence of implicit, even explicit, misandry in literature from the Ancient Greeks to Shakespeare and modern literature, such as The Vagina Monologues and even comic book heroes.


Misandry, a word which appeared in the nineteenth century, is parallel in form to 'misogyny'. The form "misandrist" was used in The Spectator magazine in April 1871.[2] It appeared in Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) in 1952. Translation of the French "Misandrie" to the German "Männerhaß" (Hatred of Men)[3] is recorded in 1803.[4] Misandry is formed from the Greek misos (μῖσος, "hatred") and anēr, andros (ἀνήρ, gen. ἀνδρός; "man").[5]

"Patriarchal" and "disposable" males

Activist Warren Farrell has written of his views on how men are uniquely marginalized in what he calls their "disposability", the manner in which the most dangerous occupations, notably soldiering, were historically performed exclusively by men. In his book,The Myth of Male Power, Farrell argues that patriarchal societies do not make rules to benefit men at the expense of women. Farrell contends that nothing is more telling about who has benefited from "men's rules" than life expectancy, which is lower in males, and suicide rates, which is higher in males.[6]

Religious Studies professors Paul Nathanson and Katherine Young made similar comparisons in their 2001 three-book series Beyond the Fall of Man,[7] which defines misandry as a "form of prejudice and discrimination that has become institutionalized in North American society", saying "The same problem that long prevented mutual respect between Jews and Christians, the teaching of contempt, now prevents mutual respect between men and women."

Radical feminism and misandry

Academic Alice Echols, in her 1989 book Daring To Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America, 1967–1975, argued that radical feminist Valerie Solanas, best known for her attempted murder of Andy Warhol in 1968, displayed an extreme level of misandry compared to other radical feminists of the time in her tract, The SCUM Manifesto. Echols stated,

Solanas's unabashed misandry—especially her belief in men's biological inferiority—her endorsement of relationships between 'independent women,' and her dismissal of sex as 'the refuge of the mindless' contravened the sort of radical feminism which prevailed in most women's groups across the country.[8]
The writer bell hooks [sic] has discussed the issue of "man hating" during the early period of women's liberation as a reaction to patriarchal oppression and women who have had bad experiences with men in non-feminist social movements, but has criticized separatist strands of feminism as "reactionary" for promoting the notion that men are inherently immoral, inferior and unable to help end sexist oppression or benefit from feminism.[9][10] In Feminism is For Everybody, hooks laments the fact that feminists who critiqued anti-male bias in the early women's movement never gained mainstream media attention and that "our theoretical work critiquing the demonization of men as the enemy did not change the perspective of women who were anti-male" leading to an unnecessary rift between the men's movement and the women's movement. Though bell hooks does not name individual separatist theorists, Mary Daly's utopian vision of a world in which men and heterosexual women have been eliminated is an extreme example of this tendency.[11]
  • ^ Daly, Mary. (1990), Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism, Boston, Mass.: Beacon Press, pp. 384 & 375–376
  • ^ Ridle, Susan (Fall/Winter 1999). "No Man's Land". EnlightenNext Magazine
  • ^ (Nathanson & Young 2001, p. xiv) "[ideological feminism,] one form of feminism—one that has had a great deal of influence, whether directly or indirectly, on both popular culture and elite culture—is profoundly misandric".
  • ^ The Independent Institute
  • ^ (McElroy 2001, p. 5)
  • ^ Barbara Kay, (2014) ‘Rape culture’ fanatics don’t know what a culture is", National Post,
  • ^ Anderson, K.J., Kanner, M. and Elsayegh, N. (2009), "Are Feminists Man Haters? Feminists' and Nonfeminists' Attitudes Toward Men", Psychology of Women Quarterly, Vol. 33, pp. 216-224
  • ^ a b c Johnson, Alan G. (2005). The Gender Knot: Unraveling Our Patriarchal Legacy (2, revised ed.). Temple University Press. p. 107.  
  • ^  
  • ^ a b Gilmore, David G. Misogyny: The Male Malady. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009, pp. 10–13, ISBN 978-0-8122-1770-4.
  • ^ a b Zeitlin, Froma I. (April 1, 1990). "Patterns of Gender in Aeschylean Drama: Seven against Thebes and the Danaid Trilogy" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-21.  Princeton University, paper given at the Department of Classics, University of California, Berkeley
  • ^ Sommers, Christina Hoff. (2008), What’s Wrong and What’s Right with Contemporary Feminism?, Hamilton College. Retrieved 2014-01-27..
  • ^ Emphasis added. Julie M. Thompson, Mommy Queerest: Contemporary Rhetorics of Lesbian Maternal Identity, (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002).
  • ^ Kang, N. (2003), "To Love and Be Loved: Considering Black Masculinity and the Misandric Impulse in Toni Morrison's "Beloved", Callaloo, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 836-854.
  • ^ Gender and Judaism: The Transformation of Tradition, Harry Brod
  • ^ Brockman, Elin Schoen. (1999, July 25) "In the Battle Of the Sexes, This Word Is a Weapon", New York Times,
  • Further reading

    • Benatar, D. (2012), The Second Sexism: Discrimination Against Men and Boys, Malden; Wiley-Blackwell.
    • hooks, bell., (2005), The Will To Change: Men, Masculinity and Love, New York; Washington Square Press.
    • MacNamara, J.R. (2006), Media and Male Identity: The Making and Remaking of Men, Palgrave Macmillian; New York.
    • McElroy, Wendy (2001). Sexual Correctness: The Gender-Feminist Attack on Women. Harper Paperbacks. New York: McFarland & Company.  
    • Synnott, Anthony (2009), Re-Thinking Men: Heroes, Villains and Victims, Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 1409491951.
    • Smith, William A., Yosso, Tara J., Solorzano, Daniel G. (2007), “Racial Primes and Black Misandry on Historically White Campuses: Toward Critical Race Accountability in Educational Administration”, Educational Administration Quarterly, vol. 43 no. 5, pp. 559–585.
    • Rosenblum, Darren (2010), “Beyond Victimisation and Misandry”, International Journal of Law in Context, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 114–116.
    • Katherine K. Young; Paul Nathanson (2010). Sanctifying Misandry: Goddess Ideology and the Fall of Man. MQUP.  
    • Nathanson, Paul, Young, Katherine K., (2012), “Misandry and Emptiness: Masculine Identity in a Toxic Cultural Environment”, New Male Studies: An International Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 4–18.
    • Schwartz, Howard (2003). The Revolt of the Primitive: An Inquiry into the Roots of Political Correctness (Revised ed.).  
    • Nathanson, Paul and Katherine Young. (2009), “Coming of Age As a Villain: What Every Boy Needs to Know in A Misandric World”, Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studie, Vol. 3, p. 2, pp. 155–177.

    External links

    • Bailée, Susan; Sommers, Christina Hoff (2001). "Misandry in the Classroom". The Hudson Review (The Hudson Review, Inc.) 54 (1): 148–54.  
    • Leader, Richard (2007). "Misandry: From the Dictionary of Fools". Adonis Mirror. Retrieved 2007-12-28.  article critical of the use of the term
    • Lay off men, Lessing tells feminists.
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