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Mind and brain

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Mind and brain

Mind and brain portal
A for WorldHeritage's resources on philosophy of mind.
Animated series of sagital MRI brain transections

Mind and brain portal

Welcome to the mind and brain portal. This is an interdisciplinary point of entry to such related fields as cognitive psychology, philosophy of mind, neuroscience, and linguistics.

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Hilary Putnam
Hilary Whitehall Putnam (born July 31, 1926) has been a central figure in Western philosophy since the 1960s, especially in the philosophy of mind, philosophy of language and philosophy of science.[1] He is known for his willingness to apply an equal degree of scrutiny to his own philosophical positions and those of others, subjecting each position to rigorous analysis in order to expose its flaws.[2] As a result, he has acquired a reputation for changing his own position.[3]

In the philosophy of mind, Putnam is known for his hypothesis of multiple realizability and for the concept of functionalism, an influential theory regarding the mind-body problem.[1][4] In the philosophy of language, he, along with Saul Kripke and others, developed the causal theory of reference and, prompted by his "Twin Earth" thought experiment, invented the notion of semantic externalism while formulating his own theory of meaning.[5]
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  • Research conducted at UCL has indicated that brain activity in the moments preceding an event affects the ability to recall it [1].
  • Yet another theory of consciousness structures the flow of functional brain activity through emotion, cognition, and levels of processing. Memory is characterized as a byproduct of the saturation of prior emotional experiences [2].
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References

  1. ^ a b Casati R., "Hillary Putnam" in Enciclopedia Garzanti della Filosofia, ed. Gianni Vattimo. 2004. Garzanti Editori. Milan. ISBN 8811505151
  2. ^ King, P.J. One Hundred Philosophers: The Life and Work of the World's Greatest Thinkers. Barron's 2004, p. 170.
  3. ^ Jack Ritchie (June 2002). "TPM:Philosopher of the Month". Retrieved 2006-08-01. 
  4. ^ LeDoux, J. (2002). The Synaptic Self; How Our Brains Become Who We Are. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 8870787958. 
  5. ^ P. Clark-B. Hale (eds.), "Reading Putnam", Blackwell, Cambridge (Massachusetts)-Oxford 1995.
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