World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Military Forces of Colombia

Article Id: WHEBN0000005843
Reproduction Date:

Title: Military Forces of Colombia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Military ranks of the Colombian Armed Forces, Colombia, Military of Colombia, FARC, Colombia during World War II
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Military Forces of Colombia

Military Forces of Colombia
Fuerzas Militares de Colombia
The tri-service badge
Service branches

National Army
National Navy
Naval Infantry
Air Force

National Police
Commander-in-Chief President Juan Manuel Santos
Minister of Defense Juan Carlos Pinzón
General Commander General Alejandro Navas Ramos
Military age 18
Conscription 18 months Army and Air Force, 24 months Navy, 12 Months National Police
Available for
military service
23,287,388 (2008 est.)[1], age 15–49 (2005 est.)
Fit for
military service
17,976,288(2008 est.)[1], age 15–49 (2005 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
875,595[1] (2005 est.)
Active personnel 444,518 [2] As of September 2013 (ranked 12th)
Budget COL$17,699,812 million (2013) [2]
(apx. US$9.1 billion)
Percent of GDP 3.3% (2012) [3]
Domestic suppliers Indumil
Foreign suppliers  United States
 South Africa
 United Kingdom

The Military Forces of Colombia (Spanish: Fuerzas Militares de Colombia) are the armed forces of the Republic of Colombia.
More specifically, the Colombian Constitution (Spanish: Constitución Política de Colombia) includes two overlapping definitions of what could be defined as 'armed forces' in English:

  • Public Forces (Spanish: Fuerza Pública): Includes the Military Forces proper and the National Police (Title VII, chapter VII, Art. 216)
  • Military Forces (Spanish: Fuerzas Militares): Includes only the 3 major military services: Army, Navy and Air Force (Title VII, chapter VII, Art. 217)

This is a subtle yet important distinction, both in terms of emphasizing the civil nature of the National Police, and some differences that may apply to it as a service, as well as in clearing confusion when dealing with documents and references about the Colombian armed forces, in particular due to the large size of the police and the military-style operation and training of some of its most noticeable units, as a result of the Colombian Conflict.


The Colombian armed forces consist of:
Military Forces:


Strength numbers As of September 2013 [2]

Force Service Officer Sub-Officer/NCO Enlisted Trainee Civilian Total
Military Colombian Army 9,485 33,917 171,434 3,660 5,856 224,352
Military Colombian Navy 2,457 8,736 20,773 1,146 1,974 35,086
Military Colombian Air Force 2,499 3,603 4,134 1,050 2,747 14,033
Public Colombian National Police 6,691 3,560 146,687 9,399 4,398 170,735
Total 444,206


  • Military Medical Corps ('Sanidad Militar') - Medical and Nurse Corps
  • Indumil (Industrias Militares - INDUMIL) - Military Industry Depot
  • Military Sports Federation (Federación Deportiva Militar - FEDECODEMIL)
  • Military Printing (Imprenta Militar)
  • Military Museum (Museo Militar) - History of the Armed Forces of Colombia
  • War Superior College (Escuela Superior de Guerra (Colombia) ESDEGUE)


In 1999, Colombia assigned 3.6% of its GDP to defense, according to the National Planning Department. By 2007 this figure had risen to 6.1% of GDP, one of the highest rates in the world. The armed forces number about 250,000 uniformed personnel: 145,000 military and 105,000 police. These figures do not include assistance personnel such as cooks, medics, mechanics, and so on. This makes the Colombian military one of the largest and most well-equipped in Latin America. Many Colombian military personnel have received military training assistance directly in Colombia and also in the United States. The United States has provided equipment and financing to the Colombian military and police through the military assistance program, foreign military sales, and the international narcotics control program, all currently united under the auspices of Plan Colombia.

World factbook statistics

  • Military manpower - military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 24 months (2004)
  • Military manpower - availability:
    • males age 18-49: 10,212,456
    • females age 18-49: 10,561,562 (2005 estimate)
  • Military manpower - fit for military service:
    • males age 18-49: 6,986,228
    • females age 18-49: 8,794,465 (2005 estimate)
  • Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
    • males age 18-49: 389,735
    • females age 18-49: 383,146 (2005 estimate)

Rank Insignia

See also

References and notes

  • ^ Includes 435 sub-officers Spanish: Suboficiales and 3,125 agents Spanish: Agentes
  • ^ Includes 123,125 executive personnel Spanish: Nivel Ejecutivo and 23,562 Auxiliary conscript Spanish: Auxiliares
  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^

External links

  • Ministerio de Defensa de Colombia - Official Ministry of Defense site (Spanish)
  • Comando General de las Fuerzas Militares - Official Armed Forces General Command (Spanish)
  • Ejército Nacional de Colombia - Official Army site (Spanish)
  • Ejército Nacional de Colombia - Official Army site (English)
  • Armada Nacional de Colombia - Official Navy site ((Spanish) and (English))
  • Fuérza Aérea Colombiana - Official Air Force site (Spanish)
  • Policía Nacional de Colombia - Official National Police site (Spanish)
  • UNFFMM - Unofficial site of the Colombian Military Forces

Other Links

  • (Spanish)Colombian Military expenditure
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.