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Mexican Supreme Court

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Mexican Supreme Court

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The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (Spanish: Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación (SCJN) is the highest federal court in the United Mexican States. It consists of a President of the Supreme Court (Chief Justice) and ten Ministers (Associate Justices) who are confirmed by the Senate from a list proposed by the President of the Republic.

Justices of the SCJN are appointed from life.[1] From among their number, the justices elect the President of the Court to serve a four-year period; a given justice may serve more than one term as president, but not in consecutive periods.

Supreme Court building

The court itself is located just off the main plaza of Mexico City on the corners of Pino Suarez and Carranza Streets. It was built between 1935 and 1941 by Antonio Muñoz Garcia. Prior to the Conquest, this site was reserved for the ritual known as "Dance of the Flyers" which is still practiced today in Papantla. Hernando Cortes claimed the property after the Conquest and its ownership was in dispute during much of the colonial period with Cortes' heirs, the city government, and the Royal and Pontifical University all claiming rights. It was also the site of a very large market known as El Volador.[2]

The interior of the building contains four panels painted in 1941 by José Clemente Orozco, two of which are named "The Social Labor Movement" and "National Wealth." There is also one mural done by American artist George Biddle entitled "War and Peace" at the entrance to the library.[2] The building also contains a mural by Rafael Cauduro, which "graphically illustrates the Gran Guignol of Mexican torture",[3] and includes a depiction of the 1968 Tlatelolco massacre as well as "a cut-away of a prison, perhaps the infamous Lecumberri Black Palace where the student leaders who escaped death were jailed."[3]

While this building is still the main home of the Court, an alternative site on Avenida Revolución was established in 2002.[4]

Current composition

Title Name Born Appt. By Senate Conf. vote Age at appt. Elected /
Length of service
Chief Justice Silva Meza, Juan N.Juan N. Silva Meza Template:Dts/out1
(age 69)
in Mexico City
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 50 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Aguirre Anguiano, Sergio SalvadorSergio Salvador Aguirre Anguiano Template:Dts/out1
(age 71)
in Guadalajara, Jalisco
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 51 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Sánchez Cordero, OlgaOlga Sánchez Cordero Template:Dts/out1
in Mexico City
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 40 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Ortiz Mayagoitia, Guillermo IberioGuillermo Iberio Ortiz Mayagoitia Template:Dts/out1
(age 73)
in Misantla, Veracruz
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 53 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Cossío Díaz, José RamónJosé Ramón Cossío Díaz Template:Dts/out1
(age 53)
in Mexico City
Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 84 42 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Luna Ramos, MargaritaMargarita Luna Ramos Template:Dts/out1
(age 58)
in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas
Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 83 48 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Valls Hernández, Sergio ArmandoSergio Armando Valls Hernández Template:Dts/out1
(age 73)
in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas
Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 85 63 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Franco González Salas, José FernandoJosé Fernando Franco González Salas Template:Dts/out1
(age 63)
in Mexico City
Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 94 56 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Aguilar Morales, Luis MaríaLuis María Aguilar Morales Template:Dts/out1
(age 64)
in Mexico City
Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón 91 60 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Zaldívar Lelo de Larrea, ArturoArturo Zaldívar Lelo de Larrea Template:Dts/out1
(age 54)
in Querétaro, Querétaro
Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón 90 50 Template:Dts/out1
Justice Pardo Rebolledo, Jorge MarioJorge Mario Pardo Rebolledo Template:Dts/out1
in Xalapa, Veracruz
Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón 91 50 Template:Dts/out1

Chief Justices

The following have held the position of Chief Justice ("Presidente de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación") under the 1917 Constitution:

  • 1917–1919: Enrique M. del Río
  • 1919–1920: Ernesto Garza Pérez
  • 1920–1922: Enrique Moreno Pérez
  • 1922–1923: Gustavo A. Vicencio
  • 1923–1924: Francisco Modesto Ramírez
  • 1924–1925: Gustavo A. Vicencio
  • 1925–1927: Manuel Padilla
  • 1927–1928: Francisco Díaz Lombardo
  • 1928–1929: Jesús Guzmán Vaca
  • 1929–1933: Julio García
  • 1934: Francisco H. Ruiz
  • 1934–1940: Daniel V. Valencia
  • 1941–1951: Salvador Urbina
  • 1952: Roque Estrada Reynoso
  • 1953: Hilario Medina
  • 1954: José María Ortiz Tirado
  • 1955–1956: Vicente Santos Guajardo
  • 1957: Hilario Medina
  • 1958: Agapito Pozo Balbás
  • 1959–1964: Alfonso Guzmán Neyra
  • 1965–1968: Agapito Pozo Balbás
  • 1969–1973: Alfonso Guzmán Neyra
  • 1974–1975: Euquerio Guerrero López
  • 1976: Mario G. Rebolledo Fernández
  • 1977–1981: Agustín Téllez Cruces
  • 1982: Mario G. Rebolledo Fernández
  • 1982–1985: Jorge Iñárritu y Ramírez de Aguilar
  • 1986–1990: Carlos del Río Rodríguez
  • 1991–1994: Ulises Schmill Ordóñez
  • 1995–1999: José Vicente Aguinaco Alemán
  • 1999–2002: Genaro David Góngora Pimentel
  • 2002–2006: Mariano Azuela Güitrón
  • 2007–2011: Guillermo Ortiz Mayagoitia
  • 2011–incumbent: Juan N. Silva Meza

Associate Justices (Minister)

The following have held the position of Associate Justice ("Ministro de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación") under the 1917 Constitution:

  • 1917–1919:
  • 1919–1920:
  • 1920–1922:
  • 1922–1923:
  • 1923–1924:
  • 1924–1925:
  • 1925–1927:
  • 1927–1928:

References

External links

  • (Spanish) Official site

Coordinates: 19°25′52.01″N 99°7′55.58″W / 19.4311139°N 99.1321056°W / 19.4311139; -99.1321056

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