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Maranta arundinacea

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Title: Maranta arundinacea  
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Maranta arundinacea

arrowroot
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Marantaceae
Genus: Maranta
Species: M. arundinacea
Binomial name
Maranta arundinacea
L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Maranta indica Tussac
  • Maranta minor Chantrier ex André
  • Maranta ramosissima Wall.
  • Maranta sylvatica Roscoe ex Sm.
  • Maranta tessellata var. kegeljanii E.Morren
  • Phrynium variegatum N.E.Br., nom. illeg.
Arrowroot, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 271 kJ (65 kcal)
13.39 g
Dietary fiber 1.3 g
Fat
0.2 g
4.24 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1)
(12%)
0.143 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(5%)
0.059 mg
Niacin (B3)
(11%)
1.693 mg
(6%)
0.292 mg
Vitamin B6
(20%)
0.266 mg
Folate (B9)
(85%)
338 μg
Minerals
Iron
(17%)
2.22 mg
Magnesium
(7%)
25 mg
Manganese
(8%)
0.174 mg
Phosphorus
(14%)
98 mg
Potassium
(10%)
454 mg
Zinc
(7%)
0.63 mg

Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Maranta arundinacea, also known as arrowroot,[2] maranta,[2] West Indian arrowroot,[2] obedience plant, Bermuda arrowroot, araru, ararao or hulankeeriya, is a large, perennial herb found in rainforest habitats. It is cultivated for a starch obtained from the rhizomes (rootstock), which is called arrowroot. The name 'Arrowroot' led many ayurveda doctors to use root stock of this plant instead of Curcuma angustifolia ("tikhur" in Hindi,"Koova" in Malayalam) a precious medicinal plant.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Distribution 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Description

A perennial plant growing to about 2 feet (0.61 m) tall, arrowroot has small white flowers and fruits approximately the size and shape of currants. The rootstocks are dug when the plant is one year old, and often exceed 1 foot (30 cm) in length and 0.75 inches (19 mm) in diameter. They are yellowish white, jointed and covered with loose scales.[3][4][5]

Distribution

Maranta arundinacea is native to Mexico, Central America, the West Indies (Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Lesser Antilles) and South America (Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana).[2] It is widely cultivated in the many warm countries and is considered naturalized in Jamaica, Bahamas, Bermuda, the Netherlands Antilles, India, Sri Lanka, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan), Kazan Rettō (火山列島), Mauritius, Réunion, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Florida, Cambodia, Indonesia and the Philippines. [6][7]

References

  1. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Species". 
  2. ^ a b c d "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^  Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Arrow-Root".  
  4. ^ in Flora of North AmericaMaranta arundinacea
  5. ^ in Flora of ChinaMaranta arundinacea
  6. ^ Maranta arundinaceaKew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families,
  7. ^ Maranta arundinaceaFlora of China v 24, p 382,

External links

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