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Maranta arundinacea

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Title: Maranta arundinacea  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Economy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Flora of Cambodia, Obedience, Tapioca, Flora of French Guiana
Collection: Crops Originating from the Americas, Economy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Flora of Bermuda, Flora of Brazil, Flora of Cambodia, Flora of Central America, Flora of China, Flora of Colombia, Flora of Ecuador, Flora of Equatorial Guinea, Flora of Florida, Flora of French Guiana, Flora of Gabon, Flora of Guangdong, Flora of Guyana, Flora of Hainan, Flora of Haiti, Flora of India, Flora of Indonesia, Flora of Jamaica, Flora of Mauritius, Flora of Mexico, Flora of Peru, Flora of Puerto Rico, Flora of Réunion, Flora of Sri Lanka, Flora of Suriname, Flora of Taiwan, Flora of the Bahamas, Flora of the Dominican Republic, Flora of the Leeward Islands, Flora of the Philippines, Flora of the Windward Islands, Flora of Trinidad and Tobago, Flora of Venezuela, Flora of Yunnan, House Plants, Maranta (Genus), Plants Described in 1753, Root Vegetables, Volcano Islands
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Maranta arundinacea

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Marantaceae
Genus: Maranta
Species: M. arundinacea
Binomial name
Maranta arundinacea
  • Maranta indica Tussac
  • Maranta minor Chantrier ex André
  • Maranta ramosissima Wall.
  • Maranta sylvatica Roscoe ex Sm.
  • Maranta tessellata var. kegeljanii E.Morren
  • Phrynium variegatum N.E.Br., nom. illeg.
Arrowroot, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 271 kJ (65 kcal)
13.39 g
Dietary fiber 1.3 g
0.2 g
4.24 g
Thiamine (B1)
0.143 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
0.059 mg
Niacin (B3)
1.693 mg
0.292 mg
Vitamin B6
0.266 mg
Folate (B9)
338 μg
2.22 mg
25 mg
0.174 mg
98 mg
454 mg
0.63 mg

Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Maranta arundinacea, also known as arrowroot,[2] maranta,[2] West Indian arrowroot,[2] obedience plant, Bermuda arrowroot, araru, ararao or hulankeeriya, is a large, perennial herb found in rainforest habitats. It is cultivated for a starch obtained from the rhizomes (rootstock), which is called arrowroot. The name 'Arrowroot' led many ayurveda doctors to use root stock of this plant instead of Curcuma angustifolia ("tikhur" in Hindi,"Koova" in Malayalam) a precious medicinal plant.


  • Description 1
  • Distribution 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


A perennial plant growing to about 2 feet (0.61 m) tall, arrowroot has small white flowers and fruits approximately the size and shape of currants. The rootstocks are dug when the plant is one year old, and often exceed 1 foot (30 cm) in length and 0.75 inches (19 mm) in diameter. They are yellowish white, jointed and covered with loose scales.[3][4][5]


Maranta arundinacea is native to Mexico, Central America, the West Indies (Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Lesser Antilles) and South America (Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana).[2] It is widely cultivated in the many warm countries and is considered naturalized in Jamaica, Bahamas, Bermuda, the Netherlands Antilles, India, Sri Lanka, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan), Kazan Rettō (火山列島), Mauritius, Réunion, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Florida, Cambodia, Indonesia and the Philippines. [6][7]


  1. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Species". 
  2. ^ a b c d "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^  Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Arrow-Root".  
  4. ^ in Flora of North AmericaMaranta arundinacea
  5. ^ in Flora of ChinaMaranta arundinacea
  6. ^ Maranta arundinaceaKew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families,
  7. ^ Maranta arundinaceaFlora of China v 24, p 382,

External links

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