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Manjira

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Title: Manjira  
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Subject: Karatalas, Worship in Hinduism, Andhra Natyam, Manipuri dance, Cymbals
Collection: Cymbals, Idiophones, Indian Musical Instruments, Percussion Instruments
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Manjira

Manjeera

Manjïrà (manjeera) is a traditional percussion instrument from India. In its simplest form, it consists of a pair of small hand cymbals.[1] It is also known as manjeera, taal, jalra, khartàl or kartàl, Gini (ଗିନି).

Manjira is commonly played in folk and devotional music. It is played in various religious events and ceremonies in India and especially in bhajans. Manjira is an ancient musical instrument. Manjira can be seen in many ancient temple pictures which date back to the early times.

Manjiras are usually made of bronze, brass, copper, zinc or of bell metal. The two cymbals are inter connected by a copper cord passing through holes in their centers. They produce a rhythmic tinkling sound when struck together. The sound's pitch varies according to their size, weight and the material of their construction. A player can also adjust the timbre by varying the point of contact while playing.

Larger version of majira, Taal

The manjira can also consist of a wooden frame with two long, straight handles that connect to each other with two short wooden handles; the open space between the long handles has a wooden separator that separates two rows of three brass cymbals each. There are also small cymbals fixed into wood blocks forming another type of instrument also known as khartal.

Gujarati folk music

Manjira has a significant importance in Gujarati and Marathi folk music. In Maharashtra it is known as Taal (टाळ). Initially Manjira were played in Aarti of God and Goddess. In Gujarat and Maharashtra, manjeera holds great importance and played in Bhajan, Santvani and Dayro.

Though manjeera is a relatively small metalallic instrument, it produces a sweet tinkling sound when it's cymbals are struck together in Jugalbandi with other musical instruments. However for playing at manjira, one requires a lot of Riyaz (practice) and deep knowledge of Sur and Taal. Unlike other musical instruments such as Tabla, Mridang and Shehnai, this instrument did not get much acclaim or recognition.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Caudhurī, Vimalakānta Rôya (2007). The Dictionary Of Hindustani Classical Music. Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 173.  , originally published in 2000


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