World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000620808
Reproduction Date:

Title: Manjira  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Karatalas, Worship in Hinduism, Andhra Natyam, Manipuri dance, Cymbals
Collection: Cymbals, Idiophones, Indian Musical Instruments, Percussion Instruments
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Manjïrà (manjeera) is a traditional percussion instrument from India. In its simplest form, it consists of a pair of small hand cymbals.[1] It is also known as manjeera, taal, jalra, khartàl or kartàl, Gini (ଗିନି).

Manjira is commonly played in folk and devotional music. It is played in various religious events and ceremonies in India and especially in bhajans. Manjira is an ancient musical instrument. Manjira can be seen in many ancient temple pictures which date back to the early times.

Manjiras are usually made of bronze, brass, copper, zinc or of bell metal. The two cymbals are inter connected by a copper cord passing through holes in their centers. They produce a rhythmic tinkling sound when struck together. The sound's pitch varies according to their size, weight and the material of their construction. A player can also adjust the timbre by varying the point of contact while playing.

Larger version of majira, Taal

The manjira can also consist of a wooden frame with two long, straight handles that connect to each other with two short wooden handles; the open space between the long handles has a wooden separator that separates two rows of three brass cymbals each. There are also small cymbals fixed into wood blocks forming another type of instrument also known as khartal.

Gujarati folk music

Manjira has a significant importance in Gujarati and Marathi folk music. In Maharashtra it is known as Taal (टाळ). Initially Manjira were played in Aarti of God and Goddess. In Gujarat and Maharashtra, manjeera holds great importance and played in Bhajan, Santvani and Dayro.

Though manjeera is a relatively small metalallic instrument, it produces a sweet tinkling sound when it's cymbals are struck together in Jugalbandi with other musical instruments. However for playing at manjira, one requires a lot of Riyaz (practice) and deep knowledge of Sur and Taal. Unlike other musical instruments such as Tabla, Mridang and Shehnai, this instrument did not get much acclaim or recognition.

See also


  1. ^ Caudhurī, Vimalakānta Rôya (2007). The Dictionary Of Hindustani Classical Music. Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 173.  , originally published in 2000

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.