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Malegaon Fort
Nickname(s): The Loom City
Malegaon is located in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra, India
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Nashik
Taluka Malegaon
Named for named for the settlement of Mali tribe in earlier ages.
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Shri Ibrahim seth National wala
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • City 471,006
 • Rank 94
 • Metro[2] 576,425
Demonym(s) Malegaonkar Malegaonvi
 • Official Marathi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 423203
Telephone code 91 2554-xxxxxx
Vehicle registration MH-41
Website Malegaon Corporation

Malegaon is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Nashik District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Malegaon is second largest city of Nashik district after Nashik city itself.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Industry and Economy 3
  • Religion and Demographics 4
  • Proposal to carve out Malegaon District 5
  • Bombings 6
  • Mollywood 7
  • Education 8
  • Urdu in Malegaon 9
  • Villages in Malegaon 10
  • MLAs from Malegaon Constituency for Maharashtra Assembly 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13


Malegaon is located on the Mumbai-Agra national highway (N.H.03) at the confluence of the Mausam and Girna rivers. Situated on the road linking Mumbai and Agra — now National Highway No 3 — it used to be a small junction known as Maliwadi (hamlet of gardens). It quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment in 1740 when a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raje Bahadur, started building a fort in the area. As the fort took 25 years, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area. After the British capture of the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region. The 1857 revolt saw many Muslims from the north locate themselves here, and the pattern kept repeating itself over the years. Malegaon, with its growing Muslim presence, became something of a shelter and a source of employment for the community whenever it faced reversals. If famine in 1862 forced Muslim weavers in the Varanasi area to move to Malegaon, the political upheavals in the Hyderabad of the late 1940s and 1950s saw a similar exodus to the town. Communal riots, specially from the 1960s onward, have also undoubtedly contributed to swelling the number of Muslim migrants to Malegaon.


Malegaon is located at the confluence of Girna and Mausam rivers, at elevation of 438 metres (1437 feet) at .[3] It is located at around 280 km northeast of state capital Mumbai. It has good connectivity with nearby cities like Nashik, Manmad,Mumbai and Dhule.

Industry and Economy

Malegaon is major hub for cloth weaving using early twentieth century power looms. The era of power looms in Malegaon emerged after 1935. Malegaon was a traditional handloom-weaving center in Maharashtra. Most of the preparatory work before weaving like starching the yarn, transferring it over the tubes, preparing tanabana was done by the women. Even after power looms were introduced, women continued to help their menfolk in the weaving procedure.

With the introduction of power looms, the cloth industry in Malegaon flourished due to increased productivity. Many people bought power looms and very few were left with handlooms.It has an estimated 3 lakh power looms producing about 1 crore (10 million) meters of cloth every day. It attracts workers from various part of India, majority of migrants from U.P., Khandesh and Deccan, due to lower cost of living and Muslim dominance.

Malegaon of late has been diversifying and new industries are rapidly expanding. PVC pipe manufacturing is one such industry. Malegaon is soon becoming a regional center for PVC pipes.

In recent times,The power loom industry is going through difficult phase due to various factors like fluctuating government policies, frequent electricity outage, lack of political will, middleman at every stage and reluctance to migrate to advanced machines. Though it is still a major source of employment, most of workers struggle to make a living. As a result, the city has observed a change in migration pattern wherein the worker prefer to move to Metros compared to Malegaon for better and stable job opportunities.

Religion and Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[4] Malegaon city had a population of 576,425. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Malegaon has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 61%. About 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Malegaon is Muslim majority city with approximately 78.95 % of city population following Islam as their religion. Hinduism is second most popular religion in city of Malegaon with approximately 18.50 % following it. In Malegaon city, Christianity is followed by 0.10 %, Jainism by 0.82 %, Buddhism by 1.42 % and Sikhism by 0.04 %. Around 0.02 % stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.15 % stated 'No Particular Religion'. The exact numbers are as follows Muslims 379,927, Hindu 89,011, Buddhist 6,830, Jain 3,933, Not Stated 725, Christian 504 , Sikh 201, Others 97 .[5]

Proposal to carve out Malegaon District

The Nashik District is under proposal to be divided and a separate Malegaon district be carved out. Due to increasing population, the city of Malegaon already have almost all District administration offices. On October 3, 1981, the then chief minister of Maharashtra, Abdur Rehman Antulay on a day-long visit to the city had announced that Malegaon would be declared a district within six months. However, the decision was put on the backburner after Antulay relinquished office in January 1982 and the plan has not seen the light of day till date.

Political leaders and activists of Malegaon are united on this issue. According to Azeez Mukadam they have jointly met every chief minister who was in the office after Antulay to remind them of the promise he had made on behalf of the state. On May 21, 1998, when former chief minister Manohar Joshi was in Malegaon to induct local Congress leader Prashant Hiray into the Shiv Sena, he also promised that his government would be declaring Malegaon a district very soon.

"His deputy Gopinath Munde was in fact more outright. He said that only a non-Congress government like theirs could convert Malegaon into a district", Mukadam, who is part of the 25-year-old campaign.


On 8 September 2006, at least 37 people died and at least 125 were seriously injured when three bomb blasts hit a cemetery in Malegaon town.

On 29 September 2008, the eve of Ramzan, two bombs exploded in Malegaon killing seven persons. Investigations later lead to Hindu militant organization involved in both bombings.


Malegaon's notoriously wacky spoof industry has introduced many classic Hollywood and Bollywood characters to the satellite town of Malegaon by giving them its quintessential dialogue, looks, circumstances and well, food. After having conquered local imagination with such cult spoofs as Malegaon ke Sholay, Malegaon ke Karan arjun,Malegaon ka James Bond and Supermen of Malegaon, the impoverished film-maker invaded national television with his second version of Malegaon Ka Chintu, Chintu ban gaya Gentleman, a mute comedy based loosely on Mr Bean.


The vast city's education system has been able to support various languages (Marathi/English/Urdu) through numerous institutions. There are enough number of schools available for primary, Secondary and Higher Scondary education. There are junior colleges and senior colleges too affiliated by Pune University. One can find the engineering college also but there is an urgent need of Medical Colleges and Management Institutions. The students of Malegaon are forced to travel to nearby cities for higher education. There are following colleges in malegaon

1)Potdar Adhyapak DEd Vidyalaya, Malegaon

2)KBH Law College, Malegaon

3)Dnyandeep Education Societys Mahila Shikshanshatra Mahavidyalaya, Malegaon

4)Anjuman Imdadut Tulba Sansthas Arts and Commerce Science Night College, Malegaon

5)MG Vidya Mandirs College of Education, Malegaon

6)Mahatma Gandhi Vidya Mandirs, Guruwarya Dhondu Anandabuwa, Kala and Wanijya Mahavidyalaya, Malegaon

7)Royal College of Pharmacutical Education and Research, Malegaon

8)Khatun Minority Womens Social Welfare, and Educational Societys AM College of Education, Malegaon

9)Sharadabai Pawar Mahila Arts, Commerce and Science College, Malegaon

10)AITs Institute of Pharmacy, Malegaon

11)Swami Vivekanand Institute of Pharmacy, Malegaon

12)Kai Sandeep Sudhakar sonewane shaikshanik sevabhavi santha, Malegaon

13)SVPM Institute of Pharmacy, Malegaon

14)Industrial Training Institute (ITI), Malegaon

15)Potdar College of Engineering and Technology, Malegaon

16)Dr BV Hiray College of Management and Research Centre, Malegaon

17)JAT Arts Science and Commerce College for Women, Malegaon

18)Jijamata School of Nursing, Malegaon

19)Potdar Polytechnic, Malegaon

20)New English School , Sonaj

21) New Era English Medium School, Malegaon

22) The Malegaon High School & Jr. College, Malegaon

23) The Malegaon Girls' High School & Jr. College, Malegaon

24) Jamhoor High School and Junior College, Malegaon

Urdu in Malegaon

With hundreds of Urdu Schools, Colleges and Madrasas, Malegaon is major centre of the Urdu language in modern India. Urdu is prevalent in all eastern parts of city. There still exists sign boards in Urdu in all parts of city much similar to undivided India. Malegaon Municipal Corporation releases its meeting agenda's and proceedings in Urdu since 8 December 2013. Malegaon Municipal Corporation has been named with freedom fighter and first Indian education minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Bhawan, Malegaon.

Malegaon hosted a ten-day Urdu Festival from 3 January 2014. and has hosted the All India Urdu Book Fair, organised by the National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language.

Villages in Malegaon

1) Dhyane 2) Vadgaon Malegaon

MLAs from Malegaon Constituency for Maharashtra Assembly

  • 1962: Haroon Ansari, Indian National Congress
  • 1967: Nehal Ahmed Maulavi Md. Usman Praja socialist
  • 1972: Aysha Hakeem Saheba, Indian National Congress
  • 1978: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Md. Usman, Janata Party
  • 1980: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Md. Usman, Janata Party
  • 1985: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Md. Usman, Janata Party
  • 1990: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Md. Usman, Janata Dal(S)
  • 1995: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Md. Usman, Janata Dal(S)
  • 1999: Shaikh Rashid Haji Shaikh Shaffi, Indian National Congress
  • 2004: Shaikh Rashid Haji Shaikh Shaffi, Indian National Congress
  • 2009: Mufti Mohammad Ismail, Jan Surajya Shakti
  • 2014: Shaikh Asif Shaikh Rashid, Indian National Congress (till present)


  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Malegaon". Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ []

External links

  • Indian Express article: A Town Called Malegaon

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