World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000017921
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lomography  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Outline of photography, Witwisit Hiranyawongkul, Cheer Chen, Snoot, Jitter (optics)
Collection: Photography by Genre
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The original LOMO LC-A

Lomography is a photographic image style, an analog camera movement and community facilitated by The Lomographic Society International. It is also a commercial trademark of Lomographische AG. The Lomographic Society International was founded in 1992 by a group of Viennese students after they discovered the LCA camera[1] created by LOMO PLC of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Lomography started as an art movement through which the students put on exhibitions of photos within Vienna; the art movement then developed into a commercial enterprise. Since 1995, Lomography has been the sole distributor of the LC-A camera outside of the former Soviet Union, and has moved into producing their own range of analog cameras, films and accessories.


  • History 1
  • Models 2
  • Lomographic aesthetic 3
  • Community 4
  • Photo gallery 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Lomography relates to Lomographic photographers who advocate creative and experimental film photography. The name is inspired by the former state-run optics manufacturer LOMO PLC of Saint Petersburg, Russia that created and produced the 35 mm LOMO LC-A Compact Automat camera, now central to lomography. This camera was loosely based upon the Cosina CX-1 and introduced in the early 1980s.[2]

Lomography also represents the commercial trademark of Lomographische AG, an Austrian company that produces cameras and accessories. The society is headquartered in Vienna, Austria.

In 1991, a group of Viennese students discovered the LOMO LC-A and were inspired by its "unique, colorful, and sometimes blurry" images.[3] The Lomographic Society International was subsequently founded in 1992.[4] After a series of art exhibitions culminating in shows in New York City and Moscow,[4] Lomography signed an exclusive distribution agreement with LOMO PLC in 1995 — becoming the sole distributor of all LOMO LC-A cameras outside of the former Soviet Union.[5] The new company reached an agreement with the deputy mayor of St Petersburg, the future Russian Prime Minister and President, Vladimir Putin, to receive a tax break in order to keep the LOMO factory in the city open.[4]

Sample shot from a LOMO LC-A

Since the introduction of the original LOMO LC-A, Lomography has produced a line of their own analog cameras. In 2005, production of the original LOMO LC-A was discontinued. Its replacement, the LOMO LC-A+, was introduced in 2006. The new camera, made in China rather than Russia, featured the original Russian lens manufactured by LOMO PLC.[6] This changed as of mid-2007 with the lens now made in China as well.

In November 2012, the Lomographic Society International celebrated its 20th anniversary. The LC-A+ camera was re-released as a special edition.


A Diana Mini
The Fisheye 2 model
The Fisheye 2 model

Current models marketed by Lomographische AG include:

  • LOMO LC-A+
  • Diana F+
  • Spinner 360°
  • Sprocket Rocket
  • Actionsampler
  • Pop-9
  • Oktomat
  • Fisheye
  • Fisheye 2
  • Colorsplash
  • Colorsplash Flash
  • SuperSampler.
  • La Sardina cameras - a line of wide-angle cameras inspired by vintage sardine cans and whose design is loosely based on old the Kandor Candid camera
  • LomoKino - a 35 mm analog movie camera
  • Diana Baby - 110 film
  • Fisheye Baby - 110 film
  • Konstruktor - a Build-It-Yourself 35 mm SLR camera

In 2013, together with Zenit, Lomography produced a new version of the Petzval Lens designed to work with Canon EF and Nikon F mount SLR cameras.

The company produces and sells several kinds of 35 mm, 120 and 110 film.

Lomographic aesthetic

Similar to Eastman Kodak's concept of the "Kodak moment", the philosophy behind Lomography is summarized in its motto, "Don’t Think, Just Shoot."[4] This motto is accompanied by The Ten Golden Rules which are supposed to encourage spontaneity and the taking of photographs anywhere, while minimizing considerations of formal technique.[7] Typical Lomography cameras are deliberately low-fidelity and of simple construction. Some cameras make use of multiple lenses and rainbow-colored flashes; some exhibit extreme optical distortions and light leaks.[8] The intention of the lomographic style is one of acceptance of such deficiencies in order to create images with a unique character.

Typical of lomography are images with high-contrast and with unusual saturation and color that were created using the technique called cross processing in which film intended for developing in slide chemistry (E-6) is processed in photographic negative chemistry (C-41), and vice versa. This technique can be employed with any film camera and can be somewhat mimicked with photo-editing software such as GIMP or Photoshop. However the use of digital manipulation to create this effect goes somewhat against the principles of Lomography.


Lomography Shop in Wan Po Yan St., Hong Kong

The Lomographic Society International runs Lomography Gallery Stores and so-called "embassies" dedicated to the growth, support and public exposure of analogue photography. Customers interact through social events such as exhibits and workshops.

An example of the society's cultural events showcasing Lomographers' talents is the Lomokikuyu competition, which raises money for eye surgeries and vision care in Kenya, in partnership with Viennese vision aid organisation Light for the World.[9] The project has since been updated and donations now also go to the International Red Cross to help fight famine in East Africa. More recently, portion of the sales from Japan Golden Week Edition cameras were donated to the Red Cross as relief to the victims of the March 2011 tsunami. The organisation also organises the Lomography World Congress, an international conference of practitioners held in varying host cities.

The Lomographic Society International also maintains a community web site featuring lomographic photographs.[10]

Photo gallery


  1. ^
  2. ^ "LOMO LC-A's Father: The Cosina CX-2". 2 August 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Drake, James (12 June 2000). "A Camera That Really Opens Your Eyes". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d Blenford, Adam (22 September 2007). "Lomos: New take on an old classic". BBC News. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "A guide to Lomography". ePhotozine. 2 August 2002. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Timeline". Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "The Ten Golden Rules". Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Lomokikyu". Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  10. ^ Plummer, Libby (3 March 2011). "Lomography – the return of analogue". Pocket-Lint. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 

External links

  • Lomography official website
  • Fabio Pluda - Lomographer
  • Did the Lomo camera save film photography? at BBC News Online, 2012
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.