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List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

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Title: List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa  
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Subject: Africa, International organisations in Africa, List of kingdoms in pre-colonial Africa, 2006 in Africa, Economy of Africa
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List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, with information about their respective capitals, languages, currencies, population, area and GDP per capita. It lists 54 sovereign states and 10 non-sovereign territories.

Malta and parts of France, Italy, Portugal and Spain are located on the African continental plate, some considerably closer to the African than European mainland, but politically are generally considered European by convention. Similarly, the island of Socotra is also on the African plate and much closer to Africa, but is politically part of the Asian state of Yemen. Egypt, although extending into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, is considered an African state.

Contents

  • Sovereign states 1
    • Recognised states 1.1
    • Partially recognised and unrecognised states 1.2
  • Non-sovereign territories 2
    • Dependent territories 2.1
    • Other areas 2.2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Sovereign states

Recognised states

The following 54 fully recognised states are all members of the United Nations,[1] and all except Morocco are members of the African Union.[2][3]


Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official language(s) Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Algeria[4] (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria) Algiers Algerian dinar Arabic 2,381,740 33,333,267 7,816 3
Angola[5] (Republic of Angola) Luanda Kwanza Portuguese 1,246,700 16,941,000 5,813 42

Benin[6]
(Republic of Benin)
Porto Novo West African CFA franc French 112,622 8,439,000 1,176 24
Botswana[7] (Republic of Botswana) Gaborone Pula English, Setswana 581,726 1,839,833 17,101 46
Burkina Faso[8]
(Burkina Faso)
Ouagadougou West African CFA franc French 274,000 13,228,000 1,284 21
Burundi[9] (Republic of Burundi) Bujumbura Burundi franc French, Kirundi 27,830 7,548,000 739 38
Cameroon[10] (Republic of Cameroon) Yaoundé Central African CFA franc English, French 475,442 17,795,000 2,421 26
Cape Verde[11] (Republic of Cabo Verde) Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese 4,033 420,979 6,418 14a
Central African Republic[12] (Central African Republic) Bangui Central African CFA franc French, Sango 622,984 4,216,666 1,198 27
Chad[13] (Republic of Chad) N'Djamena Central African CFA franc Arabic, French 1,284,000 10,146,000 1,519 11
Comoros[14] (Union of the Comoros) Moroni Comorian franc Arabic, Comorian, French 2,235 798,000 1,660 43a
Democratic Republic of the Congo[15][n 1] (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Kinshasa Congolese franc French 2,344,858 75,507,308 774 34
Republic of Congo[16][n 2] (Republic of the Congo) Brazzaville Central African CFA franc French 342,000 4,012,809 3,919 25
Djibouti[17] (Republic of Djibouti) Djibouti Djiboutian Franc Arabic, French 23,200 906,000 2,070 29
Egypt[18][n 3] (Arab Republic of Egypt) Cairo Egyptian Pound Arabic 1,001,449 84,550,000 4,836 5
Equatorial Guinea[19] (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) Malabo Central African CFA franc French, Spanish 28,051 504,000 25,929 31
Eritrea[20]
(State of Eritrea)
Asmara Nakfa Arabic, Tigrinya 117,600 5,880,000 1,000 13
Ethiopia[21] (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) Addis Ababa Ethiopian birr Amharic 1,104,300 85,237,338 1,100 28
Gabon[22] (Gabonese Republic) Libreville Central African CFA franc French 267,668 1,384,000 20,612 32
Gambia[23] (Republic of the Gambia) Banjul Dalasi English 10,380 1,517,000 2002 15
Ghana[24] (Republic of Ghana) Accra Ghanaian cedi English 238,534 23,000,000 2,700 22
Guinea[25] (Republic of Guinea) Conakry Guinean franc French 245,857 10,057,975 2,035 17
Guinea-Bissau[26] (Republic of Guinea-Bissau) Bissau West African CFA franc Portuguese 36,125 1,586,000 736 16
Ivory Coast[27] (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire) Yamoussoukro
West African CFA franc French 322,460 17,654,843 1,600 20
Kenya[28] (Republic of Kenya) Nairobi Kenyan shilling English, Swahili 580,367 34,707,817 1,445 36
Lesotho[29] (Kingdom of Lesotho) Maseru Loti English, Sesotho 30,355 2,067,000 2,113 49
Liberia[30] (Republic of Liberia) Monrovia Liberian dollar English 111,369 4,128,572 1,003 19
Libya[31]
(State of Libya)
Tripoli Libyan dinar Arabic 1,759,540 6,036,914 10,604 4
Madagascar[32] (Republic of Madagascar) Antananarivo Malagasy Ariary French, Malagasy 587,041 18,606,000 905 44
Malawi[33] (Republic of Malawi) Lilongwe Malawian kwacha Chichewa, English 118,484 12,884,000 596 42
Mali[34]
(Republic of Mali)
Bamako West African CFA franc French 1,240,192 13,518,000 1,154 9
Mauritania[35] (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) Nouakchott Mauritanian Ouguiya Arabic 1,030,700 3,069,000 2,402 8
Mauritius[36] (Republic of Mauritius) Port Louis Mauritian rupee English 2,040 1,219,220 15,591 44a
Morocco[37] (Kingdom of Morocco) Rabat Moroccan dirham Arabic, Berber 446,550 (internationally recognized), 710,850 (claimed) 35,757,175 4,600 2
Mozambique[38] (Republic of Mozambique) Maputo Mozambican metical Portuguese 801,590 20,366,795 1,389 43
Namibia[39] (Republic of Namibia) Windhoek Namibian dollar English 825,418 2,031,000 8,577 45
Niger[40] (Republic of Niger) Niamey West African CFA franc French 1,267,000 13,957,000 872 10
Nigeria[41] (Federal Republic of Nigeria) Abuja Nigerian naira English 923,768 174,507,539 1,188 25
Rwanda[42] (Republic of Rwanda) Kigali Rwandan franc English, French, Kinyarwanda 26,798 7,600,000 1,300 37
São Tomé and Príncipe[43] (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe) São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe Dobra Portuguese 964 183,176 1,266 31a
Senegal[44] (Republic of Senegal) Dakar West African CFA franc French 196,723 11,658,000 1,759 14
Seychelles[45] (Republic of Seychelles) Victoria Seychellois rupee English, French, Seychellois Creole 451 80,654 25,229 39a
Sierra Leone[46] (Republic of Sierra Leone) Freetown Leone English 71,740 6,144,562 903 18
Somalia[47] (Federal Republic of Somalia) Mogadishu Somali shilling Arabic, Somali 637,657 9,832,017 600 30
South Africa[48] (Republic of South Africa) Bloemfontein, Cape Town, and Pretoria
South African rand Afrikaans, English, Northern Sotho, Sesotho, Southern Ndebele, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu 1,221,037 52,981,991 11,914 48
South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan)[49] Juba South Sudanese pound English 644,329 8,260,490 1,546 12
Sudan[50] (Republic of the Sudan)
Khartoum Sudanese pound Arabic, English 1,861,484 36,787,012 2,800 12
Swaziland[51] (Kingdom of Swaziland) Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)
Lilangeni English, Swati 17,364 1,032,000 5,245 50
Tanzania[52] (United Republic of Tanzania) Dodoma Tanzanian shilling English, Swahili 945,203 44,929,002 723 39
Togo[53] (Togolese Republic) Lomé West African CFA franc French 56,785 7,154,237 1,700 23
Tunisia[54] (Tunisian Republic) Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic 163,610 10,102,000 9,774 3
Uganda[55] (Republic of Uganda) Kampala Ugandan shilling English, Swahili 236,040 27,616,000 1,700 35
Zambia[56] (Republic of Zambia) Lusaka Zambian kwacha English 752,614 14,668,000 931 41
Zimbabwe[57] (Republic of Zimbabwe) Harare United States dollar and South African rand Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa 390,757 13,010,000 2,607 47

Partially recognised and unrecognised states

The following are states that have established themselves in Africa as sovereign states, but remain limited in official recognition. The Sahrawi Republic is a member of the African Union.
Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Somaliland (Republic of Somaliland) Hargeisa Somaliland shilling Arabic, Somali 137,600 4,000,000 600 30
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[n 4] El Aaiún, Bir Lehlou (temporary)[n 5] Moroccan dirham Arabic 267,405 266,000 N/A 7

Non-sovereign territories

There are 10 non-sovereign territories.

Dependent territories

This list contains territories that are politically administered as external dependencies.


Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
French Southern and Antarctic Lands[n 6] (Îles Éparses part only) Saint-Pierre[n 7] Euro French 38.6 No permanent population[58] N/A
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK)[n 8][59] Jamestown Saint Helenian pound English 420 5,661 N/A 40b

Other areas

This list contains territories that are administered as incorporated parts of a primarily non-African state.


Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Canary Islands[60][n 9] Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Euro Spanish 7,447 2,205,247 N/A 6
Ceuta[60][n 9] (Autonomous City of Ceuta) Ceuta Euro Spanish 28 76,861 N/A 2a
Madeira[n 10] (Autonomous Region of Madeira) Funchal Euro Portuguese 828 245,806 N/A 1
Mayotte[61] (France)[n 11] Mamoudzou Euro French 374 186,452 2,600 43b
Melilla[n 9] (Autonomous City of Melilla) Melilla Euro Spanish 20 72,000 N/A 2b
Plazas de soberanía[n 9] N/A Euro Spanish 74 N/A 2a
Réunion[n 12] Saint-Denis Euro French 2,512 793,000 N/A 44b
Lampedusa and Lampione Lampedusa e Linosa Euro Italian 21.4 6,304 N/A

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Also known as Congo-Kinshasa and formerly as Zaire.
  2. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville.
  3. ^ Some territory could be argued to be a part of Asia or Africa.
  4. ^ Occupies part of the territory of Western Sahara, disputed with Morocco.
  5. ^ Currently under Moroccan administration. Bir Lehlou is the temporary official capital, but Tindouf is the acting capital
  6. ^ Overseas territory of France. Only the Îles Éparses are considered part of the African continent. The remaining four districts lie outside the continental shelf in the Indian Ocean or Antarctica.
  7. ^ The main station on the Îles Éparses is on Tromelin. The headquarters of the district chief, however, is Saint-Pierre, in Réunion.
  8. ^ Overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
  9. ^ a b c d Part of Spain.
  10. ^ Part of Portugal.
  11. ^ Currently an overseas department of France as of February 2011.
  12. ^ Overseas department of France.

References

  1. ^ "Member States". United Nations. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Member States". African Union. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "African Union Welcomes South Sudan as the 54th Member State of the Union". StarAfrica.com. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "The World Fact book: Algeria".  
  5. ^ "The World Fact book: Angola".  
  6. ^ "The World Fact book: Benin".  
  7. ^ "The World Factbook: Botswana".  
  8. ^ "The World Factbook: Burkina Faso".  
  9. ^ "The World Factbook: Burundi".  
  10. ^ "The World Factbook: Cameroon".  
  11. ^ "The World Factbook: Cape Verde".  
  12. ^ "The World Factbook: Central African Republic".  
  13. ^ "The World Factbook: Chad".  
  14. ^ "The World Factbook: Comoros".  
  15. ^ "The World Factbook: Congo, Democratic Republic of the".  
  16. ^ "The World Factbook: Congo, Republic of the".  
  17. ^ "The World Factbook: Djibouti".  
  18. ^ "The World Factbook: Egypt".  
  19. ^ "The World Factbook: Equatorial Guinea".  
  20. ^ "The World Factbook: Eritrea".  
  21. ^ "The World Factbook: Ethiopia".  
  22. ^ "The World Factbook: Gabon".  
  23. ^ "The World Factbook: Gambia, The".  
  24. ^ "The World Factbook: Ghana".  
  25. ^ "The World Factbook: Guinea".  
  26. ^ "The World Factbook: Guinea-Bissau".  
  27. ^ "The World Factbook: Cote d'Ivoire".  
  28. ^ "The World Factbook: Kenya".  
  29. ^ "The World Factbook: Lesotho".  
  30. ^ "The World Factbook: Liberia".  
  31. ^ "The World Factbook: Libya".  
  32. ^ "The World Factbook: Madagascar".  
  33. ^ "The World Factbook: Malawi".  
  34. ^ "The World Factbook: Mali".  
  35. ^ "The World Factbook: Mauritania".  
  36. ^ "The World Factbook: Mauritius".  
  37. ^ "The World Factbook: Morocco".  
  38. ^ "The World Factbook: Mozambique".  
  39. ^ "The World Factbook: Namibia".  
  40. ^ "The World Factbook: Niger".  
  41. ^ "The World Factbook: Nigeria".  
  42. ^ "The World Factbook: Rwanda".  
  43. ^ "The World Factbook: Sao Tome and Principe".  
  44. ^ "The World Factbook: Senegal".  
  45. ^ "The World Factbook: Seychelles".  
  46. ^ "The World Factbook: Sierra Leone".  
  47. ^ "The World Factbook: Somalia".  
  48. ^ "The World Factbook: South Africa".  
  49. ^ "The World Factbook: South Sudan".  
  50. ^ "The World Factbook: Sudan".  
  51. ^ "The World Factbook: Swaziland".  
  52. ^ "The World Factbook: Tanzania".  
  53. ^ "The World Factbook: Togo".  
  54. ^ "The World Factbook: Tunisia".  
  55. ^ "The World Factbook: Uganda".  
  56. ^ "The World Factbook: Zambia".  
  57. ^ "The World Factbook: Zimbabwe".  
  58. ^ "French Southern and Antarctic Lands". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  59. ^ "The World Factbook: Saint Helena".  
  60. ^ a b "The World Factbook: Spain".  
  61. ^ "The World Factbook: Mayotte".  
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