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List of kings of Connacht

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List of kings of Connacht

Kings of Connacht
Rí Connacht
Map of Connacht, c. 10th century.
Details
Style Rí Connacht
First monarch Genann
Last monarch Feidhlimidh Geangcach Ó Conchobair
Formation Ancient
Abolition 1474
Residence Rathcroghan
Carnfree
Appointer Tanistry
Pretender(s) Desmond O'Conor Don
(Ó Conchubhair Donn)

The Kings of Connacht were rulers of the cóiced (variously translated as portion, fifth, province) of Connacht, which lies west of the River Shannon, Ireland. However, the name only became applied to it in the early medieval era, being named after The Connachta.

The old name for the province was Cóiced Ol nEchmacht (the fifth of the Ol nEchmacht). Ptolemy's map of c. 150 AD does in fact list a people called the Nagnatae as living in the west of Ireland. Some are of the opinion that Ptolemy's Map of Ireland may be based on cartography carried out as much as five hundred years before his time.

The Connachta were a group of dynasties who claimed descent from the three eldest sons of Eochaid Mugmedon: Brion, Ailill and Fiachrae. They took their collective name from their alleged descent from Conn Cétchathach. Their younger brother, Niall Noigiallach was ancestor to the Uí Néill.

The following is a list of kings of Connacht from the fifth to fifteenth centuries.

Contents

  • Pre-Historic Kings of Ol nEchmacht 1
  • Early historic kings 2
    • Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 797-956 2.1
    • Ó Ruairc, 956-967 2.2
    • Ó Conchobhair, 967-1030 2.3
    • Ó Ruairc, 1030-1046 2.4
    • Ó Conchobhair, 1046-1067 2.5
    • Ó Ruairc, 1067-1087 2.6
    • Ó Conchobhair, 1087-1092 2.7
    • Ó Flaithbertaigh, 1092-1095 2.8
    • Ó Conchobhair, 1092-1097 2.9
    • Ó Ruairc, 1097-1102 2.10
    • Ó Conchobhair, 1102-1280 2.11
    • Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1280-1293 2.12
    • Ó Conchobhair, 1293-1309 2.13
    • Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1309-1310 2.14
    • Ó Conchubhair Ruadh, 1310-1317 2.15
    • Ó Conchobhair, 1316-1317 2.16
    • Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1317-1350 2.17
    • Ó Conchobhair Sligigh, 1318-1324 2.18
    • Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1342-1350 2.19
    • Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1368-1474 2.20
  • See also 3
  • Sources 4
  • External links 5

Pre-Historic Kings of Ol nEchmacht

  • Genann
  • Conrac Cas
  • Eochaid Feidlech
  • Eochaidh Allat
  • Tinni mac Conri
  • Medb, Queen of Connacht
  • Medb and Ailill mac Máta
  • Maine Aithreamhail mac Ailill Máta
  • Sanbh Sithcheann mac Ceat mac Magha
  • Cairbre mac Maine Aithreamhail
  • Eochaidh Fionn
  • Aodh mac Cu Odhar
  • Eochaidh mac Cairbre
  • Aonghus Fionn mac Domhnall
  • Cormac Ulfhada
  • Aonghus Feirt mac Aonghus Fionn
  • Connall Cruchain mac Aonghus Feirt
  • Fearadach mac Connal Cruchain
  • Forghus Fiansa
  • Forghus Fiansa and Art mac Conn
  • Ceidghin Cruchain mac Connall Cruchain
  • Aodh mac Eochaidh
  • Aodh Alainn mac Eochaidh Baicidh
  • Nia Mór mac Lughna
  • Lughaidh mac Lughna Fear Tri
  • Aodh Caomh mac Garadh Glundubh
  • Coinne mac Fear Tri
  • Muireadh Tireach mac Fiachra Sraibrintne
  • Eochaid Mugmedon
  • Niall Noigiallach/Niall of the Nine Hostages, died c. 450/455

Early historic kings

King Clan sept Reign
Amalgaid mac Fiachrae Uí Fiachrach 406–440
Nath Í mac Fiachrach Uí Fiachrach 440–445
Ailill Molt Uí Fiachrach 445–482
Dauí Tenga Uma Uí Briúin 482–500
Eógan Bél Uí Fiachrach 500–542
Ailill Inbanda Uí Fiachrach 542–549
Echu Tirmcharna mac Fergu Uí Briúin 549–556
Áed mac Echach Tirmcharna Uí Briúin 556–575
Uatu mac Áedo mac Echach Uí Briúin 575–600
Colmán mac Cobthaig Uí Fiachrach Aidhne 600–622
Rogallach mac Uatach Uí Briúin 622–649
Loingsech mac Colmáin Uí Fiachrach Aidhne 649–655
Guaire Aidne mac Colmáin Uí Fiachrach Aidhne 655–663
Cenn Fáelad mac Colgan Uí Briúin Seóla 663–682
Dúnchad Muirisci mac Tipraite Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe 682–683
Fergal Aidne mac Artgaile mac Guaire Uí Fiachrach Aidhne 683–696
Muiredach Muillethan mac Fergusso mac Rogallaig Uí Briúin Ai 696–702
Cellach mac Rogallach mac Uatach Uí Briúin 702–705
Indrechtach mac Dúnchado Muirisci Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe 705–707
Indrechtach mac Muiredaig Muillethan Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 707–723
Domnall mac Cellaig mac Rogallach Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 723–728
Cathal mac Muiredaig Muillethan Uí Briúin Síl Cathail 728–735
Áed Balb mac Indrechtaig Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 735–742
Forggus mac Cellaig Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 742–756
Ailill Medraige mac Indrechtaig mac Dúnchado Muirisci Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe 756–764
Dub-Indrecht mac Cathail Uí Briúin Síl Cathail 764–768
Donn Cothaid mac Cathail Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe 768–773
Flaithrí mac Domnaill Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 773–777
Artgal mac Cathail Uí Briúin Síl Cathail 777–782
Tipraite mac Taidg Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 782–786
Cináed mac Artgail Uí Briúin Síl Cathail 786–792
Colla mac Fergusso Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 792–796

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 797-956

King Clan sept Reign
Muirgius mac Tommaltaig Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 796–815
Diarmait mac Tommaltaig Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 815–833
Cathal mac Muirgiussa Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 833–839
Murchad mac Áedo Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 839–840
Fergus mac Fothaid Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 840–843
Finsnechta mac Tommaltaig Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 843–848
Mugron mac Máel Cothaid Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 848–872
Conchobar mac Taidg Mór Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 872–882
Áed mac Conchobair Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 882–888
Tadg mac Conchobair Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig 888–900

Ó Ruairc, 956-967

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fergal Ua Ruairc
956–967
Son of Art mac Ruarc unknown 967

Ó Conchobhair, 967-1030

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Conchobar mac Tadg
967–973
Son of Tadg mac Cathail unknown 973
Cathal mac Tadg
973
Son of Tadg mac Cathail unknown 973
Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg
973–1010
Son of Conchobar mac Tadg unknown 1010
Tadg in Eich Gil
1010–1030
Son of Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg unknown 1030

Ó Ruairc, 1030-1046

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Art Uallach Ua Ruairc
1030–1046
Son of Aedh mac Fergal unknown 1046

Ó Conchobhair, 1046-1067

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áed in Gai Bernaig
1046–1067
Son of Tadg in Eich Gil unknown 1067

Ó Ruairc, 1067-1087

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áed Ua Ruairc
1067–1087
Son of Art Uallach mac Aedh unknown 1087

Ó Conchobhair, 1087-1092

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidrí na Saide Buide
1087–1092
Son of Áed in Gai Bernaig unknown 1092

Ó Flaithbertaigh, 1092-1095

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Flaithbertaigh Ua Flaithbertaigh
1092–1095
Son of Mac meic Aedh Ua Flaithbheartaigh unknown 1098

Ó Conchobhair, 1092-1097

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Tadg mac Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair
1092–1097
Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain unknown 1097

Ó Ruairc, 1097-1102

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Domnall Ua Ruairc
1097–1102
Son of Tigernán mac Ualgharg unknown 1102

Ó Conchobhair, 1102-1280

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Domnall Ua Conchobair
1102–1106
Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain unknown 1106
Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair
1106–1156
Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain unknown 1156
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair
1156–1186
Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair unknown 1198
Conchobar Máenmaige Ua Conchobhair
1186–1189
Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair unknown 1189
Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobhair
1190–1202
Son of Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair unknown 1202
Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair
1202–1224
Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair unknown 1224
Aedh Ua Conchobair
1224–1228
Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair unknown 1228
Aedh mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair
1228–1233
Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair unknown 1233
Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair
1233–1256
Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair unknown 1256
Aedh mac Felim Ó Conchobair
1265–1274
Son of Felim Ua Conchobair unknown 1274
Aedh Muimhnech Ó Conchobair
1274–1280
Son of Felim Ua Conchobair unknown 1280

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1280-1293

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathal Ó Conchobair
1280-1288
1293
Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair unknown 1293
Maghnus Ó Conchobair
1288-1293
Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair unknown 1293

Ó Conchobhair, 1293-1309

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Aedh Ó Conchobair
1293-1309
Son of Eoghan mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair unknown 1309

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1309-1310

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidri Ó Conchobair
1309-1310
Son of Cathal Ó Conchobair unknown 1310

Ó Conchubhair Ruadh, 1310-1317

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fedlim Ó Conchobair
1310–1316
Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair unknown 1316

Ó Conchobhair, 1316-1317

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidri na bhFeadh Ó Conchobair
1316-1317
Son of Donnchadh mac Eoghan Ó Conchobair unknown unknown

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1317-1350

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair
1317–1318
1324-1350
Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair unknown 1350
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair
1324
Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair unknown 1345

Ó Conchobhair Sligigh, 1318-1324

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathal mac Domhnall Ó Conchobair
1318-1324
Son of Domnall mac Tadg Ó Conchobair unknown 1324

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1342-1350

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Aedh mac Aedh Breifneach Ó Conchobair
1342-1350
Son of Aedh Breifneach mac Cathal Ó Conchobair unknown 1350

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1368-1474

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair
1368–1384
Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair unknown 1384
Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair
1384–1406
Son of Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair unknown 9 December 1406
Cathal mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair
1406–1439
Son of Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair unknown 19 March 1439
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Óg Ó Conchobair
1439–1461
Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair unknown 15 May 1461
Fedlim Geancach Ó Conchobair
1461–1475
Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair unknown 1474

See also

Sources

  • Annals of the Four Masters, 1990 edition.
  • The Annals of Connacht, A. Martin Freeman, 1944.
  • Irish Kings and High Kings, Francis John Byrne, 1973.
  • Leabhar Mor Genealach, Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh, ed. O'Muralie, 2004.

External links

  • Ó Conchobair and Burke at The Irish Story
  • A Poem on the Kings of Connacht
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