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List of geneticists and biochemists

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List of geneticists and biochemists

This is a list of people who have made notable contributions to genetics. The growth and development of genetics represents the work of many people. This list of geneticists is therefore by no means complete. Contributors of great distinction to genetics are not yet on the list.


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  • Richard H. Ebright (born 1959), US bacterial geneticist, molecular mechanisms of transcription and transcriptional regulation
  • A.W.F. Edwards (born 1935), British statistician, geneticist, developed methods of phylogenetic analysis
  • John Edwards (born 1928), British medical geneticist and cytogeneticist who first described trisomy 18
  • Hans Eiberg (born 1945), Danish geneticist, discovered the mutation causing blue eyes
  • Eugene "Gene" J. Eisen (born 1938), American geneticist, experimental validation of the theory of genetic correlations; first to conduct a long-term selection experiment with transgenic mice
  • Jeff Ellis (born 1953), Australian scientist
  • R. A. Emerson (1873–1947), American plant geneticist, the main pioneer of corn genetics
  • Sterling Emerson (1900–1988), American, biochemical genetics, recombination, son of R. A. Emerson
  • Alan Emery (born 1928), British neuromuscular geneticist, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy
  • Boris Ephrussi (1901–1979), Russian-born French geneticist, created way to transplant chromosomes
  • Robert C. Elston (born 1932), British-born American biostatistical genetics and genetic epidemiologist
  • Charlie Epstein, American medical geneticist, editor, developed mouse model for Down syndrome, wounded by the Unabomber
  • Herbert McLean Evans (1882–1971), US anatomist, reported in 1918 humans had 48 chromosomes
  • Martin Evans, British scientist, discovered embryonic stem cells and developed knockout mouse
  • Warren Ewens, Australian-US mathematical population geneticist, Ewens's sampling formula

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  • Svante Pääbo (born 1955), Swedish molecular anthropologist in Leipzig studying Neanderthal genome
  • David Page, US physician and geneticist who mapped, cloned and sequenced the human Y chromosome
  • Theophilus Painter (1889–1969), US zoologist, studied fruit fly and human testis chromosomes
  • Arthur Pardee (born 1921), American scientist who discovered restriction point in the cell cycle
  • Klaus Patau (1908–1975), German-American cytogeneticist, described trisomy 13
  • Andrew H. Paterson, US geneticist, research leader in plant genomics
  • Linus Pauling (1901–1994), eminent American chemist, won Nobel Prizes for chemical bonds and peace
  • Crodowaldo Pavan (born 1919), Brazilian biologist, fly geneticist, and influential scientist in Brazil
  • Rose Payne (1909–1999), US transplant geneticist, key to discovery and development of HLA system
  • Raymond Pearl (1879–1940), American biologist, biostatistician, rejected eugenics
  • Karl Pearson (1857–1936), British statistician, made key contributions to genetic analysis
  • LS Penrose (1898–1972), British psychiatrist, human geneticist, pioneered genetics of mental retardation
  • Max Perutz (1914–2002), Austrian-British molecular biologist, Nobel Prize for structure of hemoglobin
  • Massimo Pigliucci (born 1964), Italian-US plant ecological and evolutionary geneticist. Winner of the Dobzhansky Prize.
  • Alfred Ploetz (1860–1940), German physician, biologist, eugenicist, introduced racial hygiene to Germany
  • Paul Polani (1914–2006), Trieste-born UK pediatrician, major catalyst of medical genetics in Britain
  • Charles Pomerat (1905–1951), American cell biologist, pioneered the field of tissue culture
  • Guido Pontecorvo (1907–1999), Italian-born Scottish geneticist and pioneer molecular biologist
  • George R. Price (1922–1975), brilliant but troubled US population geneticist and theoretical biologist
  • Peter Propping (born 1942), German human geneticist, studies of epilepsy
  • Mark Ptashne (born c. 1940), US molecular biologist, studies of genetic switch, phage lambda
  • Ted Puck (1916–2005), US physicist, work in mammalian and human cell culture, genetics, cytogenetics
  • RC Punnett (1875–1967), early English geneticist, discovered linkage with William Bateson, stimulated GH Hardy

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  • Lluis Quintana-Murci (born 1970), Spanish human population geneticist, heads part of Genographic Project

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  • Robert Race (1907–1984), British expert on blood groups, along with wife Ruth Sanger
  • Sheldon C. Reed (1910–2003), American pioneer in genetic counseling and behavioral genetics
  • G.N. Ramachandran (1922–2001) Indian biophysicist, co-discovered triple-helix structure of collagen
  • David Reich, US, human population genetics and genomics, did humans and chimps interbreed?
  • Theodore Reich (1938–2003), Canadian-American psychiatrist, a founder of modern psychiatric genetics
  • Alexander Rich (born 1925), US biologist, biophysicist, discovered Z-DNA and tRNA 3-dimensional structure
  • Rollin C. Richmond, US, evolutionary and pharmacogenetic studies of Drosophila, university administrator
  • Neil Risch, American human and population geneticist, studied torsion dystonia
  • Otto Renner (1883–1960), German plant geneticist, established maternal plastid inheritance
  • Marcus Rhoades (1903–1991), great maize (corn) geneticist and cytogeneticist
  • David L. Rimoin (1936-2012), Canadian-US medical geneticist, studied skeletal dysplasias
  • Richard Roberts (born 1943), British molecular biologist, Nobel Prize for introns and gene-splicing
  • Arthur Robinson (1914–2000), American pediatrician, geneticist, pioneer on sex chromosome anomalies
  • Herschel L. Roman (1914–1989), American geneticist, innovated in analysis in maize and budding yeast
  • Irwin Rose (born 1926), American biologist, Nobel Prize for ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation
  • Leon Rosenberg (born c. 1932), US physician-geneticist, molecular basis of inherited metabolic disease
  • David S Rosenblatt
  • Peyton Rous (1879–1970), American tumor virologist and tissue culture expert, Nobel Prize
  • Janet Rowley (born 1925), American cancer cytogeneticist who found Ph chromosome due to translocation
  • Peter T. Rowley (1929–2006), American internist and geneticist, genetics of cancer and leukemia
  • Frank Ruddle, US biologist, somatic cell genetics, human gene mapping, paved way for transgenic mice
  • Ernst Rüdin (1874–1952), Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist and eugenicist who promoted racial hygiene
  • Elizabeth S. Russell (1913–2001), US mammalian geneticist, pioneering work on pigmentation, blood-forming cells, and germ cells
  • Liane B. Russell (born c. 1923), Austrian-born US mouse geneticist and radiation biologist
  • William L. Russell (1910–2003), UK-US mouse geneticist, pioneered study of mutagenesis in mice

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  1. List item Leonell Strong (1894–1982) American geneticist, mouse geneticist and cancer researcher

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  • Charles Yanofsky (born 1925), American molecular geneticist, colinearity of gene and its protein product

Z

Fictional geneticists

See also

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