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List of designated terrorist groups

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List of designated terrorist groups

This is a list of designated terrorist organizations by national governments, former governments and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism.[1][2]

This listing does not include unaffiliated individuals accused of terrorism, which are considered under lone wolf terrorism. This list also excludes groups that might be widely considered terrorist, but who are not officially so designated according to the criteria specified above.

This list is not all inclusive. For more inclusive lists, including people, entities (corporations), and specific vehicles, refer to lists under Process of designation.

Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments

The list includes references to organisations associated with Al-Qaida by the United Nations.
Organization AUS
CAN
EGY
EU
IND
IRN
IL
KZ
KSA
PRC
RUS
TUN
TUR
UA
UAE
UK
UN
US

Abdullah Azzam Brigades [3][4][5] [6] [7] [8]
Abu Nidal Organization [9] [10] [6] [8]
Abu Sayyaf [11] [9] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [8]
Aden-Abyan Islamic Army [9] [6]
Akhil Bharat Nepali Ekta Samaj [12]
al-Aqsa Foundation [10] [13]
al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades [9] [10] [8]
Al-Badr [12]
al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya [9] [10] [14] [3][4][5] [6] [8]
Al Ghurabaa [6]
al-Haramain Foundation [14] [7]
Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya [9] [6] [7]
Al-Mourabitoun [11] [9] [15] [7] [16]
Al-Nusra Front [11] [9] [17] [18][19] [3][4][5] [6] [20] [21]
al-Qaeda [11] [9] [22] [12] [23] [24] [14] [3][4][5] [6] [25] [8]
al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula [11] [9] [26] [3][4][5] [7] [8]
al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb [11] [9] [14] [3][4][5] [7] [8]
Al-Shabaab [11] [9] [3][4][5] [6] [8]
Takfir wal-Hijra [10]
[12]
All Tripura Tiger Force [12]
Ansar al-Sharia (Libya) [3][4][5] [7] [27]
Ansar al-Sharia (Tunisia) [28] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [28]
Ansar al-Islam [11] [9] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [8]
Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna [6]
Ansar Bait al-Maqdis [29] [3][5] [15] [8]
Ansar Dine [7] [30]
Ansaru [6] [7] [31]
Armed Islamic Group of Algeria [9] [6] [7]
Army of Islam [3][4][5] [8]
Osbat al-Ansar [9] [14] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [8]
Aum Shinrikyo [9] [32] [8]
Babbar Khalsa International [9] [10] [12] [6]
Balochistan Liberation Army [6]
Boko Haram [11] [9] [3][4][5] [6] [33] [31]
Caucasus Emirate [9] [14] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [34]
Comite' de Blenfaisance et de Solidarite' avec la Plestine [13]
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) [12]
Communist Party of the Philippines/
New People's Army
[10] [8]
Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist [35]
Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei [36]
Continuity Irish Republican Army [6] [8]
Cumann na mBan [6]
Deendar Anjuman [12]
Donetsk People's Republic [37]
Dukhtaran-e-Millat [12]
East Turkestan Information Center [38]
East Turkestan Islamic Movement [38] [39] [3][4] [7] [40]
East Turkestan Liberation Organization [32] [41] [38]
Egyptian Islamic Jihad [9] [14] [6] [7]
Ergenekon [35]
ETA [9] [10] [6] [8]
Fianna Éireann [6]
Force 17 [13] [6]
Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front [10] [35]
Hamas [42] [9] [43] [10] [13] [44] [8]
Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades [11] [10] [6] [45]
Haqqani network [9] [3][4][5] [8]
Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami [6] [7] [8]
[6] [8]
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen [9] [12] [6] [7] [8]
[6]
Harakat Sham al-Islam [46]
Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin [9] [6]
Hezbollah [9] [47][48] [35] [49] [8]
Hezbollah (Military Wing) [50] [49]
Hezbollah (External Security Organisation) [11] [9] [6]
Hezbollah Al-Hejaz [26] [3][4][5]
[35]
Hizb ut-Tahrir [24] [14]
Hizbul Mujahideen [10] [12]
Hofstad Network [10]
Holy Land Foundation
for Relief and Development
[10] [13]
Houthis [17] [3][4][5]
Indian Mujahideen [12] [3][4][5] [6] [8]
International Sikh Youth Federation [9] [10] [12] [6]
Irish National Liberation Army [6]
Irish People's Liberation Organisation [6]
[14]
Islamic Jihad Union [6] [7] [8]
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan [11] [9] [24] [14] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [8]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant [11] [9] [51] [17] [52] [3][4][5] [6] [20] [8]
Jaish-e-Mohammed [11] [9] [12] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [8]
Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar [9] [46]
Jamaat Ul-Furquan [6]
Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh [12] [6]
[14]
Jamiat ul-Ansar [11]
Jamiat-e Islami [14]
Jemaah Islamiyah [11] [9] [6] [7] [8]
Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid [7] [8]
Jund al-Sham [14]
Jundallah [53] [8]
Kach and Kahane Chai [9] [13] [8]
[12]
Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup [12]
Kata'ib Hezbollah [3][4][5] [8]
Khalistan Commando Force [12]
Khalistan Zindabad Force [10] [12]
Khuddam ul-Islam [6]
Komalah [54][55]
Kurdistan Democratic Party/North [35]
Kurdistan Freedom Falcons [10] [6]
Kurdistan Workers' Party [11] [9] [10] [56] [57] [35] [6] [8]
Lashkar-e-Taiba [11] [9] [12] [14] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [8]
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi [11] [9] [6] [7] [8]
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam [58] [9] [10] [12] [6] [8]
Libyan Islamic Fighting Group [6] [7] [8]
Loyalist Volunteer Force [6]
Lugansk People's Republic [37]
[12]
Maoist Communist Centre of India [12]
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party [35]
Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group [6] [7] [8]
Mujahideen Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem [8]
Muslim Brotherhood [59] [24] [17] [60] [3][4][5]
National Democratic Front of Bodoland [12]
National Liberation Army [9] [10] [8]
National Liberation Front of Tripura [12]
Orange Volunteers [6]
Palestine al-muslima [13]
Palestine Liberation Front [9] [13] [8]
Palestinian Islamic Jihad [11] [9] [10] [6] [8]
Palestinian Relief Development Fund – Interpal [13]
Party of Free Life of Kurdistan [61]
[14]
People's Liberation Army of Manipur [12]
People's Mujahedin of Iran [62]
People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak [12]
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine [9] [10] [8]
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command [9] [10] [44] [8]
Provisional Irish Republican Army [6] [63]
Quds Force [9]
Real Irish Republican Army [6] [8]
Red Hand Commando [6]
Red Hand Defenders [6]
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia [9] [10] [8]
Revolutionary Organization 17 November [64] [8]
Revolutionary Party of Kurdistan [35]
Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front [10] [35] [6] [8]
Revolutionary Struggle [8]
Saor Éire [6]
The Saved Sect [6]
[35]
Shining Path[65] [9] [10] [8]
Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan [6]
Society of the Revival of Islamic Heritage [14] [7]
[10]
Students Islamic Movement of India [12]
[14]
Taliban [9] [24] [14] [3][4][5]
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi [6]
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan [9] [3][4][5] [6] [7] [8]
Tamil Nadu Liberation Army [12]
Tamil National Retrieval Troops [12]
Tanzim [13]
Ulster Defence Association [6] [66]
Ulster Volunteer Force [6] [66]
United Liberation Front of Assam [12]
United National Liberation Front [12]
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia [9] [8]
Vanguards of Conquest [9]
World Tamil Movement [9]
World Uygur Youth Congress [38]

Organizations officially designated as terrorist in the past

Below is the list of organizations that have officially been designated as terrorist in the past, by the respective parties, but have since been delisted.
Organization AUS
CAN
EU
UK
US
IND
RUS
PRC
TUR

African National Congress 1988-08[67] to 2008[68][69]
Aum Shinrikyo ? to 2011-07-18[10][70]
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia ? to 2011-07-18[10][70]
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine 1997-08-10 to 1999-08-10[8] ? to ?
Fatah ? to ?
Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council 2000-11-16[71] to 2011[12][72]
Kach and Kahane Chai ? to 2010-07-12[73][74]
Japanese Red Army 1997-10-08 to 2001-10-08[75]
Khmer Rouge 1997-10-08 to 1999-10-08[75]
Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front 1997-10-08 to 1999-10-08[75]
People's Mujahedin of Iran ? to 2012-12 ? to 2010[76] 1997-10-08 to 2012-09-28[8]
Palestine Liberation Front ? to 2010-07-12[73][74]
Palestine Liberation Organization 1988[77] to 1991[78]
Revolutionary Nuclei 1997-08-10 to 2009-05-18[75]
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement 1997-08-10 to 2001-10-08[75]
Red Army Faction 1970-05-14 to 1998-04-20[75]
Red Brigades 1970-08 to ?[75]
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) ? to 2012-09-06[79]

Process of designation

Among the countries that publish a list of designated terrorist organizations, some have a clear established procedure for listing and delisting, and some are opaque. The Berghof Foundation argues that opaque delisting conditions reduce the incentive for the organization to abandon terrorism, while fueling radicalism.[80]

Australia

Since 2002, the Attorney-General's Department.[81]

Canada

Since December 18, 2001, article 83.05 of the Canadian Criminal Code allows the Governor in Council to maintain a list of entities that are engaged in terrorism, facilitating it, or acting on behalf of such an entity.[82]

Entities are reviewed by the Minister and the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, and finally published in the Canada Gazette.[82] The list is also published on the website of Public Safety Canada.[83]

European Union

The European Union has two lists of designated terrorist organisations that provide for different sanctions for the two groups.[84] The first list is copied from the United Nations, and the second is an autonomous list.[85]

Autonomous list

All other designated organizations.

  • the freezing of all funds, other financial assets and economic resources.
  • a ban on directly or indirectly making funds, other financial assets and economic resources available.

It is important to note that sanctions are only applicable to EU-external groups regardless of designation. For example, 47 groups are listed as terrorist organizations in the EU but sanctions are only applied to 27 of these. Member States do have an obligation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts but this is the only action that follows from the designation of an EU-internal organization.

  • European Union list of terrorist groups and individuals, 25 June 2012.[86]

Listing process

New organizations are added to the autonomous list following this process:[85]

  1. "Designation": Member states and third party states tips about an organization. This state must have solid evidence and must the tip must be sent by the national authority.
  2. Scrutinity: The Presidency, or a delegation, gathers basic information, and might require more information from the tipping state.
  3. Consultations: Information is shared with other member states for discussion. Everything is still confidential. 15 days after, delegates of the states meet as the CP 931 Working Party, Europol is sometimes invited too.
  4. Recommendation: The CP 931 Working Party prepares the listing decision.
  5. Decision by EU Council: The council adopts the list. The decision must be unanimous, which means that every state has a veto right.
  6. Official Publishing: In the EU Official Journal
  7. Notification and Statement of Reason: The council secretariat notifies each designated organization via mail, together with instructions on how to get the decision to be reconsidered.

Delisting process

The EU has similar process to review the list, and to remove organizations for the list.[85]

India

Under the [12]

People's Republic of China

The Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the USA at www.china-embassy.org.

Russia

Single federal list of organizations recognized as terrorist by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.[87]

Ukraine

In Ukraine, the [37]

United Nations

The United Nations does not have a general list of all terrorist organizations. Instead, it has several lists focusing on a particular context.

UN 1267 regime list

The UN 1267 regime list is focused on Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and their associates.

  • prohibition of sale or transfer of arms and related materiel.
  • the freezing of funds and other financial assets or resources.
  • the prevention of entry onto or transit through the territories of member states.
  • a prohibition on provision of technical assistance or training in military matters or in the manufacture or maintenance of arms and related materiel.

The EU provides exceptions to the implementation of relevant asset-freezing sanctions per UN resolution 1452 (2002). Upon request, a competent national authority may determine to release funds on the following grounds if, within the time limit provided for, there has been no objection made, or a release has been explicitly approved, by the UN Sanctions Committee.

  • necessary to cover basic expenses, intended for the payment of professional fees for legal services or for the payment of fees or services in relation to the maintenance of frozen funds or assets
  • necessary for extraordinary expenses

United Kingdom

  • United Kingdom Government's Proscribed terrorist groups.[6]
  • Text of the Terrorism Act 2000 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database .

United States

  • U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations
  • Terror Exclusion List (TEL)
  • Executive Order 13224 blocking Terrorist Property and a summary of the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 595 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations), Terrorism List Governments Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 596 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations), and Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 597 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations)
  • US Department of the Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control, 'What you need to know about U.S. Sanctions'
  • US Department of State Terrorist Designation Lists
  • US Department of State Country Reports on Terrorism 2008
  • United States Department of State. "Individuals and Entities Designated by the State Department Under E.O. 13224". Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security – Terrorist Organization Reference Guide January 2004

Yugoslavia

The Yugoslav authorities regarded the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) as a terrorist group.[88][89]

See also

References

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