List of active separatist movements in South America

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in South America. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:


  • Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)



  • Proposed state: República Riograndense
    • Pressure Group: Movimento Pampa Livre
    • Proposition: To separate the state of Rio Grande do Sul from Brazil.[2]
  • Proposed state: Sul
  • Proposed state: The United States of Northeast
    • Pressure Group: GESNI
    • Proposition: To separate the states of the northeast region, creating a federation between them.
  • Proposed state: Pernambuco
    • Pressure Group: GEAPI - Grupo de Estudo e Avaliação Pernambuco Independente.
    • Proposition: To separate Pernambuco from Brazil.
  • Proposed state: São Paulo
    • Pressure Group: Movimento República de São Paulo.
    • Proposition: To separate the São Paulo state from Brazil, creating The Republic of São Paulo. To organize and promote free debate and studies on the degree of autonomy of the State of São Paulo in the Brazilian federation and the current model of federalism in Brazil, as well as on the implementation of a new model of the Confederate States, and discuss foster actions aimed at bringing the public discussion of the federation, to foster growth stock elements of the typical culture São Paulo, organize debates and events on the political representation of the State of São Paulo in the current model of federation, among other actions.[3]
  • Proposed state: República do Rio de Janeiro
    • Pressure Group: Movimento O Rio é o Meu País
    • Proposition: To separate the Rio de Janeiro state from Brazil.


  • Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)


  • Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina
    • Structuring territorial or proposed: Self-State Associate
    • Pressure group: Amen-SD (Archipelago Movement for Ethnic Native Self-Determination for San Andrés, Providence and Kethlena)
    • Important figure: Raymond Howard



See also


  1. ^ a b c "Mapuche Nation". Mapuche Nation. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ "RS Livre a Ong dos Gaúchos". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  3. ^ "Movimento República de São Paulo". Movimento República de São Paulo. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
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