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List of active separatist movements in Asia

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List of active separatist movements in Asia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Afghanistan

Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

Burma/Myanmar

Arakan

Zo Asia

Kachin

Kawthoolei

Karenni

Mon State

Nagaland

Northern Arakan

Shan States

Wa State

Zale'n-gam

Zogam

Greater China

The Taiwan area.

Mainland China

Inner Mongolia

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xinjiang

Special administrative regions

Hong Kong

Macau

  • Ethnic group: Macanese
    • Proposed state: Portuguese Overseas Territory of Macau

Taiwan area

In perspective of the laws of the Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, but practically, the movement seeks to replace the ROC with the Republic of Taiwan because Taiwan area is the only practical region administered by the ROC.

In perspective of the laws of the People's Republic of China, the Taiwan indepndence movement is considered as secessionism, too because the PRC considers the Taiwan area as its integral part.

India

Arunachal Pradesh

Assam

Jammu and Kashmir

Manipur

Mizoram

Nagaland

Punjab

Tripura

  • Ethnic group: Tripuri
    • Proposed state:

Tamil Nadu

Indonesia

Kalimantan

Minahasa[16][17]

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

Riau[18]

  • Proposed state:

South Moluccas

West Papua

Iran

Azerbaijan (Iran)

  • Ethnic group: Azerbaijan
    • Proposed state: Azerbaijan
    • Political party: CAMAH (South Azerbaijan National Liberation Movement), a Baku-based separatist organisation that advocates for the separation of Iranian Azerbaijan from Iran and unification with the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to them, the predominantly ethnic Persian provinces of Hamadan, Qazvin and Karaj and the whole of the ethnically mixed province of West Azerbaijan are parts of Azerbaijan.[21]

Turkmen Sahra

Khūzestān

  • Ethnic group: Arabs
    • Proposed state:

Kurdistan

Balcochistan

Iraq

See: Minorities in Iraq

Breakaway state:

The Islamic State

Purposed states:

Kurdistan

Ba'athist Iraq

Assyria

Turkmeneli

Sinjar

Israel

Proposed states:

State of Judea

Occupied territories:

Palestine

Japan

Hokkaido [26][27]

Okinawa

Laos

Hmong ChaoFa

  • Ethnic group: Hmong
    • Proposed state:

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Malaysia

Sarawak[28][29]

  • Proposed state: Sarawak
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sarawak Association of People’s Aspirations (SAPA), Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM)[28][30]

Sabah[28][29]

  • Proposed state: Sabah
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM)[28][30]

Nepal

Madheshstan

Pakistan

Balochistan [32]

Jammu & Kashmir

  • Ethnic group: Azad Kashmiris
    • Proposed state:
    • Military movement: JKLF

Sindh

Palestine

See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

State of Judea

Philippines

Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic group: Igorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[36]

Russia

Sakha Republic

  • Ethnic group: Yakuts
    • Proposed state: Sakha Republic
    • Political party: Sakha-Amuk

North Asia)

Tuva

Sri Lanka

Tamil Eelam

Syria

Breakaway states:

The Islamic State

Western Kurdistan

Free Syria

Purposed states:

Alawite State

As-Suwayda

Aram

Assyria

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)

Tajikistan

Badakhshan

Thailand

Patani

UAE

Regions of Ras Al Khaimah against Ras Al Khaimah

Uzbekistan

Karakalpakstan

Vietnam

'Champa

Tây Nguyên

Cochinchina

Yemen

Aden

  • Proposed state: State of Aden

South Yemen

See also

References

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