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List of Armenian ethnic enclaves

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Title: List of Armenian ethnic enclaves  
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List of Armenian ethnic enclaves

This is a list of Armenian ethnic enclaves, containing cities, districts, and neighborhoods with predominantly Armenian population, or are associated with Armenian culture, either currently or historically.[1]

Contents

  • Extant enclaves 1
    • Europe 1.1
    • Middle East 1.2
    • Post-Soviet states 1.3
      •  Russia 1.3.1
    •  United States 1.4
  • Extinct enclaves 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Extant enclaves

San Lazzaro degli Armeni, located in the Venetian Lagoon, is home to an Armenian Catholic monastery.
Note: Most numbers are estimates by Armenian (and non-Armenian) organizations and media, because many countries simply do not collect data on ethnicity.

Europe

Name Type Location Total Armenians % Ref
Alfortville[3] commune Paris, France 36,000 6,000 17% [4]
Issy-les-Moulineaux[5] commune Paris, France 63,000 5,000 8% [6]
San Lazzaro degli Armeni[7] island Venice, Italy 35 ~100% [8]

Middle East

Name Type Location Total Armenians % Ref
Anjar[9] town Zahlé, Lebanon 2,400–4,000 ~100% [10][11]
Armenian Quarter quarter Old City, Jerusalem, Israel[2] 2,424 500–1,000 21–41% [12][13][14]
Bourj Hammoud[15] city Beirut, Lebanon 150,000 110,000 73% [16][17]
Kessab[3] village/town Latakia, Syria 2,000–2,200 ~100% [19][20]
Midan (Nor Kyough)[21][22] neighborhood Aleppo, Syria N/A N/A N/A
New Julfa[23] quarter Isfahan, Iran 10,000–12,000 N/A [24]
Vakıflı village Hatay, Turkey 135 ~100% [25]

Post-Soviet states

 Abkhazia (de facto)[4]

As of 2004, there were "around 50-60 Armenian villages" in Abkhazia.[26] According to the 2011 Abkhazian census, Armenians formed the majority of the population of the Sukhumi District (6,467 Armenians, 56.1% of the total 11,531), and plurality in Gulripshi district (8,430 Armenians or 46.8% of 18,032) and Gagra District (15,422 Armenians or 38.3% of 40,217).[27]

 Georgia
Name Type Location Armenians % Total Ref
Avlabari (Havlabar)[28][29] neighborhood Tbilisi, Georgia

 Russia

Name Type Location Total Armenians % Ref
Adlersky City District raion Sochi, Krasnodar Krai 138,572 44,000–80,000 32%–58% [30][31][32]
Aykavan[33] village Crimea[5] 160 ~100% [34]
Edissiya[35] village Stavropol Krai 5,657 5,377 92.7% [36]
Gaikodzor village Anapsky District, Krasnodar Krai
Karabagly village Dagestan 723 ~400 56% [37][38]
Myasnikovsky District raion Rostov Oblast 39,631 22,108 56% [39]
Tuapsinsky District raion Krasnodar Krai 62,400 13,700 22% [40]

 United States

Name Type Location Total Armenians % Ref
Glendale[41] city Los Angeles, California 190,000 54,000–100,000 28%–53% [42]
Little Armenia[43] neighborhood Los Angeles, California 21,600 N/A [44]
Watertown[45][46] city Boston, Massachusetts 33,000 2,700–8,000 8%–25% [47][48]

Extinct enclaves

Name (current & former) Type Current location Period % Armenian (date) Ref
Armanitola neighborhood Dhaka, Bangladesh 18th century [49]
Armenikend quarter Nasimi raion, Baku, Azerbaijan 19th-20th centuries N/A
Gherla (Armenopolis) city Cluj County, Romania 17th century [50]
Kumkapı[51][52] quarter Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey N/A
Feodosia (Kaffa) city Crimea (de facto) 15th century +65% [53]
Nakhichevan-on-Don neighborhood Rostov-on-Don, Russia 1778–1928 30% (1897) [54]
Old Armenian Town neighborhood Fresno, California, United States

Notes

  1. ^ This article only lists ethnic enclaves in the Armenian diaspora. Many sources describe Nagorno-Karabakh as an Armenian ethnic enclave,[1][2] which it was during most of its existence as the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (1923–91), when it did not border Soviet Armenia. Since the end of the 1988–94 war, the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) has been largely integrated with the Republic of Armenia and the two today de facto function as a single entity. However, the NKR remains internationally unrecognized and is regarded by all UN members as de jure part of Azerbaijan.
  2. ^ The status of Jerusalem is disputed between Israel and the State of Palestine, but the Old City is de facto administered by Israel.
  3. ^ The Armenian population of Kessab was forced out in March 2014, during the Syrian Civil War.[18]
  4. ^ Abkhazia is de jure recognized as part of Georgia by most countries, however, it is de facto independent.
  5. ^ The Crimean Peninsula is disputed between Russia and Ukraine and is de facto part of Russia, but remains (for the most part) internationally recognized as de jure part of Ukraine. For more, see Political status of Crimea.

References

  1. ^ Noel, Sid, ed. (2005). From Power Sharing to Democracy: Post-conflict Institutions in Ethnically Divided Societies. Montréal:  
  2. ^  
  3. ^ This New York Times article calls Alfortville "an Armenian neighborhood": "15 are hurt in Paris by 3 explosions in an Armenian neighborhood".  
  4. ^ "The Armenians of France".  
  5. ^ Dubouis, Kevin (18 April 2013). "Dubouis: Revoking Denial of Pride".  
  6. ^ Yessayan, Catherine (20 June 2012). "Armenians of Issy-les-Moulineaux".  
  7. ^ Saryan, Levon A. (11 July 2011). "A Visit to San Lazzaro: An Armenian Island in the Heart of Europe".  
  8. ^ Imboden, Durant. "San Lazzaro degli Armeni". Europe for Visitors. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Its residents include 10 monks, 10 seminarians, and 15 Armenian students... 
  9. ^ Kahana, Ephraim; Suwaed, Muhammad (2009). Historical Dictionary of Middle Eastern Intelligence. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 179.  
  10. ^ Filian, Levon (Fall 2013). "AMAA News". Paramus, New Jersey: Publication of the Armenian Missionary Association of America. p. 8.  
  11. ^ "Geography & Demographics of Anjar". Anjar Online. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Nowadays, approximately 2400 people, 99.99% of them Armenians, live in Anjar. 
  12. ^ Beltran, Gray (9 May 2011). "Torn between two worlds and an uncertain future".  
  13. ^ "The Armenian Quarter".  
  14. ^ "Old City Population Distribution and Density". Jerusalem Old City: Urban Fabric and Geopolitical Implications. Jerusalem:  
  15. ^ Healy, Chris; Muecke, Stephen (2008). Cultural Studies Review. Melbourne University Publishing. p. 102.  
  16. ^ Anthropological Quarterly ( 
  17. ^ "Local authorities taking account of the major urban risks "From a case study to a global approach" The example of the City of Bourj Hammoud, Lebanon". Retrieved 7 June 2014. The city ... has a population of almost 150,000 hab. 
  18. ^ Manjikian, Lalai (25 March 2014). "Kessab: Deep Roots Under Attack".  
  19. ^ Sherlock, Ruth (14 April 2014). "Turkey 'aided Islamist fighters' in attack on Syrian town".  
  20. ^ Gilbert, Ben (7 May 2014). "Taking Refuge: Armenian Family Exiled For Third Time In Century".  
  21. ^ "Aleppo Under Fire: The Ruins of Armenian Neighborhoods".  
  22. ^ Arnold, David (24 September 2012). "In Battle for Aleppo, Armenians Seek Neutral Ground". Middle East Voices.  
  23. ^ Canby, Sheila R. (2009). Shah ʻAbbas: the remaking of Iran. London:  
  24. ^ Petrosyan, David (1998). Армянская община в Иране (in Русский). Institute for Central Asian and Caucasian Studies. Retrieved 7 June 2014. ...еще 10-12 тысяч - в Исфагане (армяне называют его Новой Джугой)... 
  25. ^ Kanbolat, Hasan (2 October 2012). "Syrian Conflict Taking Toll on Turkey’s Last Armenian Village".  
  26. ^ Tchilingirian, Hratch. "The Armenian community in Abkhazia Today".  
  27. ^ "Итоги переписи населения Республики Абхазия 2011 года [Results of census of Republic of Abkhazia in 2011]" (in Русский). Sukhumi: Abkhazian Office of State Statistics. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  28. ^ Zenian, David (1 September 1992). "Havlabar: A Little Armenia on the hill".  
  29. ^ Hakobyan, Julia (28 September 2007). "Havlabar: Armenian community in Tbilisi pays the price of urbanization".  
  30. ^ Schreck, Carl (5 May 2006). "Sochi's Armenian Diaspora Weeps".  
  31. ^ Rakachev, Vadim. "Этнодемографические изменения а Краснодарском Крае, 1989-1999 годы [Ethnodemographic changes in Krasnodar Krai in 1989-1999]" (in Русский). Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Обращает на себя внимание резкий рост армянского населения в Сочи и, в частности, в Адлерском районе, где оно увеличилось на 17,5% и составило 31,8% к общему количеству жителей района. 
  32. ^ "Оценка численности населения на 1 января 2014 года по муниципальным образованиям Краснодарского края [Estimated population on January 1, 2014 by the municipalities of Krasnodar Region]" (in Русский).  
  33. ^ Маленькая Армения в Крыму. podrobnosti.ua (in Русский). 27 June 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  34. ^ Трудовской сельский совет (in Русский). Website of the Simferopol district of the State Administration of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  35. ^ Армяне Ставропольского края отметили 210-летие села Эдиссия (in Русский).  
  36. ^ Том 3 книга 1 «Национальный состав и владение языками, гражданство»; таблица 4 «Национальный состав населения Ставропольского края по городским округам, муниципальным районам, городским населенным пунктам, сельским населенным пунктам с численностью населения 3000 человек и более»
  37. ^ Численность населения на 1 января 2014 года по сельским поселениям Республики Дагестан
  38. ^ Данные Всероссийской переписи населения 2002 года: таблица 02c. М.: Федеральная служба государственной статистики, 2004.
  39. ^ Итоги всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года по Ростовской области: Национальный состав и владение языками, гражданство (in Русский).  
  40. ^ http://www.noravank.am/rus/issues/detail.php?ELEMENT_ID=3048#5_b
  41. ^  
  42. ^ Casey, Nicholas (25 April 2009). "In Armenian Enclave, Turkish Deal Arouses Suspicion".  
  43. ^ "'"Part of East Hollywood Is Designated 'Little Armenia.  
  44. ^ "Little Armenia neighborhood in Los Angeles, California (CA), 90027, 90029 detailed profile".  
  45. ^ Howe, Jeff (20 April 2013). "Captured in Watertown".  
  46. ^ Kevonian, Tamar. "Finding the Passion".  
  47. ^ Watertown in Armeniapedia.org
  48. ^ Armenians in Watertown, MA in Hayk the Ubiquitous Armenian
  49. ^ Lawson, Alastair (10 January 2003). "The mission of Dhaka's last Armenian".  
  50. ^ Steve Kokker, Cathryn Kemp (2004). Romania & Moldova. Footscray, Victoria: Lonely Planet. p. 159.  
  51. ^ Schäfers, Marlene (26 July 2008). "Managing the difficult balance between tourism and authenticity: Kumkapı".  
  52. ^  
  53. ^ Этнография народов Крыма: Армяне (in Русский).  
  54. ^ (Russian) Первая всеобщая перепись населения Российской Империи 1897 г. Распределение населения по родному языку и уездам 50 губерний Европейской России
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