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Lion of Judah

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Title: Lion of Judah  
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Subject: Rastafari, Aslan, Book of Revelation, Addis Ababa, Flag of Jerusalem
Collection: Biblical Phrases, Lions in Heraldry, National Symbols of Ethiopia, Symbolism
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Lion of Judah

Lion of Judah on Bezalel tile.

The Lion of Judah is the symbol of the Israelite tribe of Judah. According to the Torah, the tribe consists of the descendants of Judah, the fourth son of Jacob. The association between Judah and the lion can first be found in the blessing given by Jacob to Judah in the Book of Genesis.[1] The Lion of Judah is also mentioned in the Book of Revelation, as a term representing Jesus, according to Christian tradition.[2] The lion of Judah was also one of the titles of Emperor Haile Selassie and was depicted on the flag of Ethiopia from 1897-1974. Due to its association with H.I.M. Haile Selassie, it continues to be an important symbol among members of the Rastafari movement.

Contents

  • History and usage 1
    • Ethiopian history 1.1
    • Rastafari movement 1.2
    • Christianity 1.3
  • References 2
  • External links 3

History and usage

The lion of Judah on the coat of arms of Jerusalem

The biblical Judah (in Hebrew: Yehuda) is the original name of the Tribe of Judah, which is traditionally symbolized by a lion. In Genesis, the patriarch Jacob ("Israel") gave that symbol to his tribe when he refers to his son Judah as a Gur Aryeh גּוּר אַרְיֵה יְהוּדָה, "Young Lion" (Genesis 49:9) when blessing him.[3] In Jewish naming tradition the Hebrew name and the substitute name are often combined as a pair, as in this case. The Lion of Judah was used as a Jewish symbol for many years, and as Jerusalem was the capital of the Kingdom of Judah, in 1950 it was included in the Emblem of Jerusalem.

Ethiopian history

Ethiopian Lion of Judah flag

Ethiopia's history as recorded and elaborated in a 13th-century treatise, the "Kebre Negest", asserts that Makeda, the Queen of Sheba conceived the Solomonic dynasty's founder Menelik I to King Solomon during her visit to Jerusalem. As Solomon was of the tribe of Judah, his son Menelik I would continue the line, which according to Ethiopian history was passed directly down from King to King until Emperor Haile Selassie I (ostensibly the 225th king from King David) was deposed in 1974. Both Christian and Jewish Ethiopian history have it that there were also immigrants of the Tribes of Dan and Judah that accompanied Makeda back from her visit to Solomon; hence the Ge'ez motto Mo`a 'Anbessa Ze'imnegede Yihuda ("The Lion of Judah has conquered"), included among the titles of the Emperor throughout the Solomonic Dynasty.

1894 Ethiopian stamp "Lion of Judah"

The Lion of Judah motif figured prominently on the old imperial flag, currency, stamps, etc. and may still be seen gracing the terrace of the capital as a national symbol. After the collapse of the Communist Derg in 1990 and the increase of Western-style political freedoms, a minor political party bearing the name Mo'a Anbessa made its appearance.

Rastafari movement

In the Rastafari movement "The Lion of Judah" mentioned in Genesis 49:9 and Revelation 5:5 is considered to be a reference to Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia. Emperor Haile Selasie is believed to be the biblical lion of Judah because he was crowned on November 2, 1930 with the titles "KING of Kings, LORD of lords, Conquering Lion of Judah, Elect of God, the Light of the World" and is a descendant of the tribe of Judah through the lineage of King David and King Solomon.

Christianity

In Christian tradition, the Lion of Judah represents the triumphant Jesus, who was from the tribe of Judah. The phrase appears in the New Testament in chapter 5, verse 5 of the Book of Revelation: "And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof." This is widely regarded as a reference to Jesus among Christians.

Many Christian organizations and ministries use the lion of Judah as their emblem or even as their name.

Inspired by the Lion of Judah, C. S. Lewis used a lion named Aslan to represent Jesus in The Chronicles of Narnia.[4][5][6][7][8]

References

  1. ^ "Genesis 49:9". Biblos. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Revelation 5:5". Bible Study Tools. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Genesis, Chapter 49, Jacob's Blessings, Navigating the Bible II
  4. ^ http://www.christiantoday.com/article/liam.neeson.says.narnias.aslan.could.be.muhammed/27215.htm
  5. ^ Google Books
  6. ^ http://forum.narniaweb.com/viewtopic.php?f=12&t=891#p40026
  7. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article745604.ece
  8. ^ http://www.christiantoday.com/article/c.s.lewis.letter.testifies.narnia.lion.as.christ/4724.htm

External links

  • Lions in Jewish art
  • Jewish Heraldry
  • Lion of Judah small movie
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