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Title: Leônidas  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Deimos (deity), Christian Gyan, 300 (comics), Leonidas (chocolate maker), Luís Mesquita de Oliveira
Collection: 1913 Births, 1934 Fifa World Cup Players, 1938 Fifa World Cup Players, 2004 Deaths, Bonsucesso Futebol Clube Players, Botafogo De Futebol E Regatas Players, Brazil International Footballers, Brazilian Expatriate Footballers, Brazilian Expatriates in Uruguay, Brazilian Football Managers, Brazilian Footballers, Brazilian People of African Descent, Club De Regatas Vasco Da Gama Players, Clube De Regatas Do Flamengo Footballers, Deaths from Alzheimer's Disease, Expatriate Footballers in Uruguay, São Cristóvão De Futebol E Regatas Players, São Paulo Fc Players, São Paulo Futebol Clube Managers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Personal information
Full name Leônidas da Silva
Date of birth (1913-09-06)6 September 1913
Place of birth Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Date of death 24 January 2004(2004-01-24) (aged 90)
Place of death Cotia, São Paulo, Brazil
Playing position Centre forward
Attacking midfielder
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1929 São Cristóvão 29 (31)
1929–1930 Sírio e Libanês 47 (50)
1931–1932 Bonsucesso 51 (55)
1933 Peñarol 25 (28)
1934 Vasco da Gama 29 (27)
1935–1936 Botafogo 33 (42)
1936–1942 Flamengo 149 (153)
1943–1950 São Paulo 211 (140)
Total 574 (516)
National team
1932–1946 Brazil 19 (21)

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (goals)

‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 16 June 2009

Leônidas da Silva (Portuguese pronunciation: ; 6 September 1913, Rio de Janeiro – 24 January 2004, Cotia) was an association footballer and commentator.

He is regarded as one of the most important players of the first half of the 20th century. Da Silva played for Brazil in two World Cups, and was the top scorer of the 1938 World Cup.

He was known as the "Black Diamond" and the "Rubber Man" due to his agility.


  • Club career 1
  • The bicycle kick 2
  • National team 3
    • 1934 World Cup statistics 3.1
    • 1938 World Cup statistics 3.2
  • After retirement 4
  • Honours 5
    • Club 5.1
    • Country 5.2
    • Individual 5.3
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Club career

Leônidas, born in Rio de Janeiro, started his career at São Cristóvão. In 1931 and in 1932, he played for Bonsucesso.

He joined Peñarol in Uruguay in 1933. After one year, he came back to Brazil to play for Vasco da Gama. He helped them win the Rio State Championship. After playing in the World Cup in 1934 he joined Botafogo and won another Rio State Championship in 1935. The following year, he joined Flamengo, where he stayed until 1941. Once again, in 1939, the team won the Rio State Championship. He was also at the forefront of the movement against prejudice in football, being one of the first black players to join the then-elitist Flamengo team.

Leonidas joined São Paulo in 1942 and stayed at the club until his retirement from playing in 1950.

The bicycle kick

Leônidas is one of several possible players credited for inventing the "Bicycle kick". The first time Leônidas used this technique was on 24 April 1932, in a match between Bonsucesso and Carioca. In Flamengo he used this move only once, in 1939, against the Argentinian team Independiente. The unusual volley gained huge fame at the time, propelling it into the football mainstream. For São Paulo he used the bicycle kick on two occasions: the first on 14 June 1942, in the defeat against Palestra Italia (currently Palmeiras). Most famously of all, he used it on 13 November 1948, in the massive 8–0 victory over Juventus. The play (and the goal) was captured in an image [1] and is regarded as the most famous picture of the player. In the 1938 World Cup, he also used the bicycle kick, to the delight of the spectators. When he did it, the referee was so shocked by the volley that he was unsure whether it was within the rules or not.

National team

He played 19 times for the Brazilian national team, scoring 21 goals in total, and scoring twice on his debut. In 1938, he was the World Cup's top scorer with 7 goals, scoring at least three times[2] in the 6–5 extra time win over Poland. Brazil manager Adhemar Pimenta decided to rest him for the semi-final against Italy. The Italians won the game 2–1.

1934 World Cup statistics

The scores contain links to the article on the 1934 FIFA World Cup and the round in question. The matches’ numbers reflect the number of World Cup matches Leônidas played during his career.

Game no. Round Date Opponent Score Leônidas’ goals Times Leônidas’ playing time Notes Venue Report
1 1st R. 27 May 1934 Spain 1–3 (0–3) 1  55' 90 min. Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa [7]

1938 World Cup statistics

The scores contain links to the article on the 1938 FIFA World Cup and the round in question. When there is a special article on the match in question, the link is in the column for round.

Game no. Round Date Opponent Score Leônidas’ goals Times Leônidas’ playing time Notes Venue Report
2 1st R. 5 June 1938  Poland 6–5 a.e.t.
(4–4) (3–1)
3  18'  93'  104' 120 min. Stade de la Meinau, Strasbourg [8]
3 QF 12 June 1938  Czechoslovakia 1–1 a.e.t.
(1–1) (1–0)
1  30' 120 min. Parc Lescure, Bordeaux [9]
4 Replay 14 June 1938  Czechoslovakia 2–1 (0–1) 1  57' 90 min. Parc Lescure, Bordeaux [10]
SF 16 June 1938  Italy 1–2 (0–0) 0 Did not play Manager’s choice Stade Vélodrome, Marseille [11]
5 3rd pl. 19 June 1938  Sweden 4–2 (1–2) 2  63'  74' 90 min. Parc Lescure, Bordeaux [12]

After retirement

He joined São Paulo as manager in 1953, before leaving football to become a radio reporter and then the owner of a furniture store in São Paulo. Leônidas died in 2004 in Cotia, São Paulo, because of complications due to Alzheimer's disease, from which he had been suffering since 1974. He is buried in the Cemitério Morada da Paz of São Paulo.






  1. ^
  2. ^ Some sources claimed that Leonidas scored only three goals in the victory over Poland instead of the often quoted four. According to Polish experts, Brazil's six goals were scored by: Leonidas (18th, 93rd and 104th minutes), Romeu (25th minute) and Perácio (44th and 71st minute). This is now recognised by the RSSSF (see RSSSF page on 1938 tournament) and also FIFA itself (see match data at official FIFA World Cup site). In November 2006, FIFA also confirmed that he scored only once in the quarter-final replay against Czechoslovakia, not twice as FIFA had originally recorded (see Media release by FIFA). This means he finished as the top goal scorer of the tournament with an official tally of 7 goals.
  3. ^ a b c "Leonidas: Brazil’s first superstar". Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  4. ^ 100 World Cup heroes (80-61): Sportsmail's countdown continues with Owen, Laudrup, Iniesta, Stoichkov... and Marco Tardelli!
  5. ^ IFFHS' Century Elections

External links

  • Web site dedicated to Leônidas – – Publikan, Brazil.
  • Leônidas da Silva career at Sambafoot
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