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Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) in the European Union

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Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) in the European Union

The larger urban zone (LUZ) is an urban definition introduced in 2004 by Eurostat, the statistical agency of the European Union, in agreement with the national statistics offices in the member states.[1][2]

In 2006 LUZ definitions were changed significantly improving the comparability of LUZ definitions across different countries. Several cities, such as Marseille, Lille and Nice, are excluded by definition from the list of LUZs on technical, definitional grounds, such as the coincidence of the metropolitan area with the urban zone.[3][4][5]

The latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from candidate countries and EFTA countries.

Eurostat's urban definitions

The list below shows the population sizes of cities in the European Union as well as candidate countries and non-EU EFTA countries. The list is limited to those cities whose Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) have populations of at least 500,000. The LUZ represents an attempt at a harmonised definition of the metropolitan area. Eurostat's objective was to have an area from a significant share of the resident commute into the city, a concept known as the "functional urban region." To ensure a good data availability, Eurostat adjusts the LUZ boundaries to administrative boundaries that approximate the functional urban region.

Ranking methodology

The list below contains the cities in the European Union and associated countries that participated in the third round of the Urban Audit programme. The cities are ranked by the size of the population of the Larger Urban Zone. The figures in the Eurostat database are an attempt at a compromise between harmonised data for all of the European Union, and with availability of statistical data, making comparisons more accurate. The data used is from the 2006 Urban Audit III, which uses information collected for 2004.[6]

List of larger urban zones by population

Although the latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) and EU candidate countries, the only candidate country for which there is available data is Turkey. (Marseille, Lille, Nice, Cordoba, Badajoz, Toulon and Montpellier should be added on the updated 2004 list: see the French WorldHeritage page for the complete and updated 2004 list.) The 2008 updated data from Urban Audit IV[7] has been partially published (still missing cities). The Urban Audit V with 2011 data was to be published from 2013 on,[8] but as of May 2014 "the results of the 2011 data collection are being collected."[9]

Rank City name Country LUZ population LUZ area (km²) Population Density (per km²)
1 London
United Kingdom 11,905,500 8,920[10] 1,336
2 Paris
France 11,532,409 12,079.87[10] 918
3 Istanbul
Turkey 11,044,642 5,313 2,564
4 Madrid
Spain 5,804,829 8,022 724
5 Ruhr
Germany 5,302,179 4,435 1,196
6 Berlin
Germany 4,971,331 17,385 286
7 Barcelona
Spain 4,440,629 1,796.64 2,356
8 Athens
Greece 4,013,368 3,806.92 1,054
9 Ankara
Turkey 3,708,047
10 Rome
Italy 3,457,690 3,666.66 943
11 Hamburg
Germany 3,134,620 7,304 429
12 Milan
Italy 3,076,643 1,348.32 2,282
13 Katowice
Poland 2,710,397 2,650.65 1,023
14 Stuttgart
Germany 2,663,660 3,654 729
15 Warsaw
Poland 2,660,406 5,198.52 512
16 Munich
Germany 2,531,706 5,504 460
17 Budapest
Hungary 2,524,697 2,538[10] 943
18 Frankfurt
Germany 2,517,561 4,305 585
19 Izmir
Turkey 2,440,902
20 Lisbon
Portugal 2,435,837 1,432.49 1,700
21 Birmingham
United Kingdom 2,284,093 1,598 1,475
22 Naples
Italy 2,253,964 564.95 3,990
23 Manchester
United Kingdom 2,240,230 1,280 1,984
24 Vienna
Austria 2,179,769 4,610.93[10] 473
25 Bucharest
Romania 2,140,194 662 3,233
26 Prague
Czech Republic 1,964,750 6,977[10] 282
27 Cologne
Germany 1,873,580 1,626 1,152
28 Stockholm
Sweden 1,860,872 6,519 285
29 Copenhagen
Denmark 1,806,667[10] 2,759[10] 655
30 Brussels
Belgium 1,800,663 1,613.91 1,116
31 Glasgow
United Kingdom 1,747,100 3,346 522
32 Turin
Italy 1,745,221 1,878.97 929
33 Lyon
France 1,717,300 5,997.68[10] 286
34 Valencia
Spain 1,564,145 1,440.58 1,086
35 Dublin
Ireland 1,535,446[10] 114.99 4,588
36 Düsseldorf
Germany 1,525,029 1,201 1,270
37 Leeds
United Kingdom 1,499,465 5,114[10] 468
38 Bursa
Turkey 1,458,067
39 Amsterdam
Netherlands 1,571,234 859.28 1,680
40 Adana
Turkey 1,384,680
41 Liverpool
United Kingdom 1,365,900 821 1,664
42 Bielefeld
Germany 1,297,876 2,921 444
43 Hanover
Germany 1,294,447 2,966 436
44 Nuremberg
Germany 1,288,797 2,934 439
45 Sofia
Bulgaria 1,280,457 1,344 953
46 Sheffield
United Kingdom 1,277,100 1,846 692
47 Kraków
Poland 1,264,322 2,988.65 423
48 Seville
Spain 1,249,346 3,081.9 405
49 Bremen
Germany 1,249,291 5,885 213
50 Helsinki
Finland 1,224,107 2,969.94 412
51 Rotterdam
Netherlands 1,186,818 611.75 1,940
52 Łódź
Poland 1,163,516 2,857.51 407
53 Ostrava
Czech Republic 1,153,876 3,896[10] 296
54 Zagreb
Croatia 1,110,517 3,719 299
55 Zürich
Switzerland 1,110,478 1,086.14 1,022
56 Gdańsk
Poland 1,105,203 3,457.32 320
57 Porto
Portugal 1,099,040 562.32 1,954
58 Oslo
Norway 1,090,513 6,920 158
59 Newcastle upon Tyne
United Kingdom 1,055,600 3,385 312
60 Toulouse
France 1,052,497 4,706.93[10] 224
61 Gaziantep
!
Turkey 1,042,732
62 Wrocław
Poland 1,031,439 4,582.2 225
63 Poznań
Poland 1,018,511 3,719.2 274
64 Bristol
United Kingdom 1,006,600 1,635 616
65 Riga
Latvia 1,003,949 5,382.5 187
66 Thessaloniki
Greece 995,766 1,455.62
67 Bordeaux
France 981,370
68 The Hague
Netherlands 978,161
69 Bilbao
Spain 939,994
70 Konya
Turkey 919,433
71 Antwerp
Belgium 915,258
72 Bonn
Germany 908,503
73 Leipzig
Germany 904,401
74 Dresden
Germany 902,067
75 Göteborg
Sweden 873,335
76 Saarbrücken
Germany 855,317
77 Palermo
Italy 855,285
78 Vilnius
Lithuania 850,300
79 Cardiff
United Kingdom 841,600
80 Nottingham
United Kingdom 825,600 4,073 202
81 Diyarbakir
Turkey 814,874
82 Antalya
Turkey 814,685
83 Genoa
Italy 800,709[11]
84 Edinburgh
United Kingdom 787,700
85 Szczecin
Poland 777,806
86 Leicester
United Kingdom 772,400
87 Nantes
France 751,085
88 Bologna
Italy 743,965
89 Brno
Czech Republic 728,101
90 Karlsruhe
Germany 712,475
91 Málaga
Spain 699,916
92 Florence
Italy 696,767
93 Zaragoza
Spain 685,873
94 Kayseri
Turkey 675,734
95 Aarhus
Denmark 663,472 5,400 123
96 Lublin
Poland 652,642 2,883 226
97 Coventry
United Kingdom 651,000
98 Kiel
!
Germany 641,905
99 Belfast
United Kingdom 641,638
100 Strasbourg
France 634,275
101 Augsburg
Germany 629,139
102 Liège
Belgium 626,357
103 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Spain 625,892
104 Bari
Italy 623,298
105 Freiburg im Breisgau
Germany 618,467
106 Venice
Italy 612,245
107 Padua
Italy 605,709
108 Izmit
Turkey 601,351
109 Bratislava
Slovakia 601,132
110 Palma
Spain 593,386
111 Magdeburg
Germany 588,875
112 Bydgoszcz
Poland 582,927
113 Kingston upon Hull
United Kingdom 573,300
114 Catania
Italy 572,302
115 Utrecht
Netherlands 564,485
116 Verona
Italy 563,952
117 Rennes
France 553,579
118 Malmö
Sweden 550,289
119 Vigo
Spain 548,799
120 Erfurt
Germany 543,226
121 Grenoble
France 541,888
122 Linz
Austria 532,995
123 Białystok
Poland 523,958
124 Tallinn
Estonia 521,410
125 Rouen
France 519,318
126 Santa Cruz
Spain 507,306
127 Malatya
Turkey 501,849

Urban Audit

Eurostat's Urban Audit is about much more than demographics. In order for it to be useful as a policy tool to the European Commission and other authorities it contains data for over 250 indicators across the following domains:[12][13]

  • Demography
  • Social Aspects
  • Economic Aspects
  • Civic Involvement
  • Training and Education
  • Environment
  • Travel and Transport
  • Information Society
  • Culture and Recreation

See also

References

  1. ^ "City statistics - Urban audit". Eurostat. 2006. 
  2. ^ "The shift of Eurostat to Urban Statistics". Dr. Berthold Feldmann, Eurostat. March 2006. 
  3. ^ http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999003.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999004.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999006.pdf
  6. ^ "Urban Audit Database". Urbanaudit.org. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 
  7. ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/user-guidance/urban-audit/urban-audit-iv/index.html
  8. ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/user-guidance/urban-audit/urban-audit-v/index.html
  9. ^ http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/region_cities/city_urban/urban_audit_data_collections
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Data for 2001 (2004 data not yet available)
  11. ^ https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:__3eQhm77NgJ:www.cityrailways.it/storage/pdf/01_urbanismi%2520ITALIA_2011.pdf+area+metropolitana+genova+cityrailways&hl=it&gl=it&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESjDMzGUJ7IgpYS5yCMwBhH8_xo7WTNApyU_qcdOttBLmAb_haOeR5wIBY5bmEplh-98jpCUga8D4fl71Qjvxr2hbYQHraBRbro663gnH3C8dzHmOjs1efjT1ZLHrWprsW63AgXU&sig=AHIEtbR1sNS5BPKqqKmb0T76lxtRD0Mk8g
  12. ^ "Urban Audit". European Commission. 2006. 
  13. ^ "State of European Cities Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-04-29. 

External links

  • GMES Urban Atlas: PDF files, ZIP files
  • Eurostat: European cities
  • Eurostat: Total population in Urban Audit cities, Larger Urban Zone
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