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Landmarks of the Philippines

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Title: Landmarks of the Philippines  
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Subject: Philippines, List of volcanoes in the Philippines, Philippine Dealing Exchange, Poverty in the Philippines, Landmarks in the Philippines
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Landmarks of the Philippines

Contents

  • Natural Landmarks 1
  • Urban Architecture Landmarks 2
  • Cultural & Historical Landmarks 3
  • Churches 4
  • Amusement/National/Natural Parks and Monuments 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes and references 7

Natural Landmarks


Name Picture City/Municipality Province Region Notes
Anilao Dive Spots Mabini Batangas CALABARZON
Apo Island Dauin Negros Oriental Central Visayas Cited as one of the best diving spots in the world.[1]
Apo Reef Sablayan Occidental Mindoro MIMAROPA World's 2nd largest contiguous coral reef system and the largest in the country.[2]
Baguio Baguio City Benguet Cordillera Administrative Region Summer Capital of the Philippines
Banaue Rice Terraces Banaue Ifugao Cordillera Administrative Region Eighth Wonder of the World.[3]
Boracay Island Malay Aklan Western Visayas One of the Best Islands in the World according to Travel + Leisure.[4][5]
Cagayan de Oro River Bukidnon: Talakag, Baungon, Libona, Lanao del Norte: Iligan and Misamis Oriental: Cagayan de Oro Bukidnon, Lanao del Norte and Misamis Oriental Northern Mindanao
Camaya Coast Mariveles Bataan Central Luzon
Caramoan Caramoan Camarines Sur Bicol Region
Chocolate Hills Sagbayan, Batuan, Carmen, Bilar, Sire Bullones and Valencia Bohol Central Visayas
El Nido El Nido Palawan MIMAROPA Best Beach and Island in the Philippines according to CNNGo.[6][7]
Great Santa Cruz Island Zamboanga City Zamboanga del Sur Zamboanga Peninsula
Hinatuan Enchanted River Hinatuan Surigao del Sur Caraga
Hinulugang Taktak Antipolo City Rizal CALABARZON
Hundred Islands National Park Alaminos Pangasinan Ilocos Region
Kanlaon Volcano Negros Occidental: La Carlota and Negros Oriental: Canlaon Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental Central Visayas and Western Visayas
Lake Balinsasayao Sibulan Negros Oriental Central Visayas
Lake Danao Ormoc Leyte Eastern Visayas
Limunsudan Falls Iligan Lanao del Norte Northern Mindanao
Loboc River Carmen Bohol Central Visayas
Mactan Island Lapu-Lapu Cebu Central Visayas
Maria Cristina Falls Iligan Lanao del Norte Northern Mindanao
Matabungkay Lian Batangas CALABARZON
Mayon Volcano Legazpi City Albay Bicol Region Renowned as the "perfect cone" because of its almost symmetric conical shape.[8]
Most Active Volcano in the Philippines.[9]
Mount Apo Davao del Sur: Davao City and Cotabato: Kidapawan City Davao del Sur and Cotabato Davao Region and SOCCSKSARGEN Highest mountain in the Philippines[10]
The Grandfather of Philippine Mountains[11]
Mount Banahaw Laguna: San Pablo, Quezon: Candelaria, Dolores, Tiaong and San Antonio Laguna and Quezon CALABARZON 9th Most Active Volcano in the Philippines.[9]
Mount Bulusan Irosin and Bulusan Sorsogon Bicol Region 4th Most Active Volcano in the Philippines.[9]
Mount Hamiguitan Mati, San Isidro and Governor Generoso Davao Oriental Davao Region
Mount Hibok-Hibok Mambajao Camiguin Northern Mindanao 7th Most Active Volcano in the Philippines.[9]
Mount Isarog Goa, Tigaon, Ocampo, Pili, Naga and Calabanga Camarines Sur Bicol Region
Mount Makiling Laguna: Calamba and Batangas: Santo Tomas Laguna and Batangas CALABARZON
Mount Mariveles Mariveles Bataan Central Luzon
Mount Pinatubo Whole length of Zambales, Tarlac: Bamban, Mayantoc, Capas, San Jose, San Clemente, Santa Ignacia, Camiling, Pampanga: Floridablanca, Porac, Angeles and Mabalacat Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga Central Luzon
Mount Pulog Benguet: Buguias, Bokod, Kabayan, Ifugao: Tinoc and Nueva Vizcaya: Kayapa Benguet, Ifugao and Nueva Vizcaya Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley 3rd highest mountain in the Philippines and Luzon's highest peak.[12]
Mount Samat Pilar Bataan Central Luzon
Pagsanjan Falls Cavinti and Pagsanjan Laguna CALABARZON
Pagudpud Pagudpud Ilocos Norte Ilocos Region Boracay of the North[13]
Panglao Island Panglao and Dauis Bohol Central Visayas
Puerto Galera Puerto Galera Oriental Mindoro MIMAROPA
Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park Puerto Princesa Palawan MIMAROPA One of the New7Wonders of Nature.[14]
Punta Fuego Nasugbu Batangas CALABARZON
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras Banaue, Kiangan, Mayoyao and Hungduan Ifugao Cordillera Administrative Region The first-ever property to be included in the cultural landscape category of the UNESCO World Heritage Site List.[15]
Rio Grande de Cagayan Nueva Vizcaya: Bayombong, Diadi, Quirino: Nagtipunan, Maddela, Isabela: Tumauini, Jones, Ilagan, Cagayan: Tuguegarao and Aparri Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, Isabela and Cagayan Cagayan Valley
Samal Island Samal Davao del Norte Davao Region
Siargao Island Socorro, Burgos, Dapa, Del Carmen, General Luna, San Benito, Pilar, San Isidro and Santa Monica Surigao del Norte Caraga
Sierra Madre Aurora, Bulacan, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Quirino and Rizal Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon and CALABARZON Longest Mountain Range in the Philippines.[16]
Taal Volcano San Nicolas and Talisay Batangas CALABARZON It is a Lake within a Volcano within a Lake within a Volcano.[17]
It is the 2nd Most Active Volcano in the Philippines.[9]
Tubbataha Reef Puerto Princesa City Palawan MIMAROPA
Verde Island Batangas City Batangas CALABARZON
White Island Mambajao Camiguin Northern Mindanao

Urban Architecture Landmarks

Color Key
Name Picture City/Municipality Province Region Notes
Araneta Coliseum Cubao, Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region
Ateneo de Manila University Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region
Ayala Center Makati Metro Manila National Capital Region
Ayala Museum Makati Metro Manila National Capital Region
Bangui Wind Farm Bangui Ilocos Norte Ilocos Region 1st Wind Farm in the Philippines.[18]
Batasang Pambansa Complex Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region
Bonifacio Global City Taguig Metro Manila National Capital Region
Central Philippine University Iloilo City Iloilo Western Visayas Second American University in the Philippines and in Asia.[19]
Ciudad de Victoria Santa Maria and Bocaue Bulacan Central Luzon Home to the Philippine Arena, the world's largest indoor arena.[20]
Clark International Airport Angeles City Pampanga Central Luzon Formerly known as the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport.[21]
Cultural Center of the Philippines Pasay Metro Manila National Capital Region
De La Salle University Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Eastwood City Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region
Entertainment City Parañaque City Metro Manila National Capital Region
Far Eastern University Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Mactan-Cebu International Airport Lapu-Lapu City Cebu Central Visayas
Mall of Asia Arena Bay City, Pasay City Metro Manila National Capital Region
National Museum of the Philippines Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Ninoy Aquino International Airport Pasay and Parañaque City Metro Manila National Capital Region
PBCom Tower Makati Metro Manila National Capital Region
Resorts World Manila Pasay Metro Manila National Capital Region
Robinsons Galleria Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region
Robinsons Place Manila Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Senate of the Philippines Pasay Metro Manila National Capital Region
Shangri-la Plaza Mandaluyong Metro Manila National Capital Region
Silliman University Dumaguete Negros Oriental Central Visayas 1st American university in Asia.[22][23][24]
SM City Cebu Cebu City Cebu Central Visayas 4th largest mall in the Philippines.[25]
SM City North EDSA Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region 2nd largest mall in the Philippines and 4th largest in the world.[26]
SM Lanang Premier Davao City Davao del Sur Davao Region Largest mall in Mindanao.[27]
SM Mall of Asia Pasay Metro Manila National Capital Region 3rd largest mall in the Philippines and 11th largest in the world.[26]
SM Megamall Mandaluyong Metro Manila National Capital Region Largest mall in the Philippines and 3rd largest in the world.[26]
The Gramercy Residences Makati Metro Manila National Capital Region Tallest Building in the Philippines.[28]
University of San Carlos Cebu City Cebu Central Visayas
University of Santo Tomas Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region Oldest university in the Philippines and in Asia.[29]
University of the Philippines Diliman Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region

Cultural & Historical Landmarks

Color Key
Name Picture City/Municipality Province Region Notes
Aguinaldo Shrine Kawit Cavite CALABARZON Ancestral home of Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines.[30]
Bagacay Point Lighthouse Liloan Cebu Central Visayas
Basco Lighthouse Basco Batanes Cagayan Valley
Binondo Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region Oldest Chinatown in the world.[31]
Bonifacio Monument Caloocan City Metro Manila National Capital Region
Cagsawa Ruins Daraga Albay Bicol Region
Cape Bojeador Lighthouse Burgos Ilocos Norte Ilocos Region
Cape Bolinao Lighthouse Bolinao Pangasinan Ilocos Region
Cape Engaño Lighthouse Santa Ana Cagayan Cagayan Valley
Cape Melville Lighthouse Balabac Island Palawan MIMAROPA
Capul Island Lighthouse Capul Northern Samar Eastern Visayas
Corregidor Island Cavite City Cavite CALABARZON
EDSA Shrine Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region Built in 1989 to commemorate the memories of the People Power Revolution.[32]
Fort Santiago Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Heritage City of Vigan Vigan Ilocos Sur Ilocos Region One of the New7WondersCities.[33]
Intramuros Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region The Walled City.[34][35]
Lapu-Lapu Shrine Lapu-Lapu City Cebu Central Visayas
Luneta Hotel Ermita, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Magellan's Cross Cebu City Cebu Central Visayas
Magellan Shrine Lapu-Lapu City Cebu Central Visayas
Malacañang Palace Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region Official residence of the President of the Philippines.[36]
Maniguin Island Lighthouse Culasi Antique Western Visayas
Manila Hotel Ermita, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Paco Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Rizal Shrine Calamba Laguna CALABARZON Ancestral home of Jose Rizal, National Hero of the Philippines.[37]
The Ruins Talisay Negros Occidental Western Visayas

Churches

Color Key
Name Picture City/Municipality Province Region Notes
Antipolo Cathedral Antipolo City Rizal CALABARZON On 14 January 1954, the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines declared the new Antipolo Church as declared the National Shrine to Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage. The church was elevated to the status of cathedral on 25 June 1983, upon the canonical erection of the Diocese of Antipolo.[38]
Baclaran Church Baclaran, Parañaque Metro Manila National Capital Region Since the Feast of the Immaculate Conception 1958, the shrine has been authorised by the Holy See to remain open 24 hours a day throughout the entire year. The shrine itself was blessed by Pope John Paul II during his first Apostolic Visit to Metro Manila in 1981.[39]
Baclayon Church Baclayon Bohol Central Visayas It was severely damaged when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas on October 15, 2013.[40]
Barasoain Church Malolos City Bulacan Central Luzon Site of the First Philippine Republic.[41]
Basilica del Santo Niño Cebu City Cebu Central Visayas In 1965, during the 4th centenary of the Christianization of the Philippines, Pope Paul VI elevated the church to the rank of minor basilica.[42]
On October 15, 2013, the bell tower of the church was destroyed when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas.[40]
Basilica Minore of Our Lady of Charity Agoo La Union Ilocos Region On July 15, 1982, Pope John Paul II gave due course to the petition of Bishop Salvador Lazo of the Diocese of San Fernando, La Union that the Shrine of Our Lady of Charity be endowed with the title of a Minor Basilica.[43]
Basilica of Our Lady of Piat Piat Cagayan Cagayan Valley On June 22, 1989, it was made into a minor basilica by Pope John Paul II.[44][45][46]
Basilica of Saint Martin of Tours Taal Batangas CALABARZON Asia's largest Catholic church.[47]
On December 8, 1954, the church was elevated into a minor basilica by Pope Pius XII.[48]
Binondo Church Binondo, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region On 1956, the church was made into a minor basilica by Pope Pius XII.[49]
Loboc Church Loboc Bohol Central Visayas It was severely damaged when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas on October 15, 2013.[40]
Loon Church Loon Bohol Central Visayas It was severely damaged when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas on October 15, 2013.[40]
Malolos Cathedral Malolos City Bulacan Central Luzon On December 4, 1999, it was elevated into a minor basilica by Pope John Paul II.[50]
Manila Cathedral Intramuros, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region On 27 April 1981, Pope John Paul II issued papal bull Quod Ipsum designating the cathedral as a minor basilica by his own Motu Proprio.[51][52]
Maribojoc Church Maribojoc Bohol Central Visayas It was severely damaged when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas on October 15, 2013.[40]
Miagao Church Miagao Iloilo Western Visayas The church was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993 under the collective title Baroque Churches of the Philippines, a collection of four Baroque Spanish-era churches.[53]
Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception Batangas City Batangas CALABARZON On February 13, 1945, the church was declared a Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception by Pope Pius XII.[54]
Minor Basilica of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of Manaoag Manaoag Pangasinan Ilocos Region On February 2015, the Shrine of Our Lady of The Rosary of Manaoag was elevated to a minor basilica by Pope Francis.[55]
Paoay Church Paoay Ilocos Norte Ilocos Region It is declared as a National Cultural Treasure by the Philippine government in 1973 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the collective group of Baroque Churches of the Philippines in 1993.[53]
Peñafrancia Basilica Naga City Camarines Sur Bicol Region On May 22, 1985, the church was consecrated into a minor basilica Pope John Paul II.[56]
Quiapo Church Quiapo, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region On 1988, the church was made Basilica by Pope John Paul II thru the initiative of Jaime Cardinal Sin and Papal Nuncio, Most Rev. Bruno Torpigliani.[57]
Saint James the Apostle Parish Church Paete Laguna CALABARZON The church is known for its huge and exqusite collection of images depicting the Passion of Christ, its century-old paintings and wooden images of saints.[58]
San Agustin Church Intramuros, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region In 1993, San Agustin Church was one of four Philippine churches constructed during the Spanish colonial period to be designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, under the collective title Baroque Churches of the Philippines.[53]
San Sebastian Church Quiapo, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region Only prefabricated steel church in the world.[59]
Only all-steel temple in Asia,[60][61]
On June 24, 1980, it was elevated into a minor basilica by Pope John Paul II.[62]
Santa Maria Church Santa Maria Ilocos Sur Ilocos Region The church was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993 as part of the Baroque Churches of the Philippines, a collection of four Baroque Spanish-era churches.[53][63]
Santo Domingo Church Quezon Avenue, Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region On October 4, 2012, it was declared as a National Culture Treasure through Republic Act No. 4846, otherwise known as the Cultural Properties Preservation and Protection Act making it as the first national culture treasure in Quezon City.[64]
Tayabas Basilica Tayabas Quezon CALABARZON Largest Catholic church in Quezon.[65]
On October 18, 1988, the title Minor Basilica was conferred upon the church by Pope John Paul II and the Congregation for Divine Cult.[66]

Amusement/National/Natural Parks and Monuments

Color Key
Name Picture City/Municipality Province Region Notes
Bataan National Park Morong, Hermosa, Orani, Samal, Abucay, Balanga and Bagac Bataan Central Luzon
Biak-na-Bato National Park San Miguel, San Ildefonso and Doña Remedios Trinidad Bulacan Central Luzon
Enchanted Kingdom Santa Rosa City Laguna CALABARZON
Kalbario-Patapat Natural Park Pagudpud and Adams Ilocos Norte Ilocos Region The natural park was established on April 20, 2007 by Proclamation no. 1275 encompassing 3,800 hectares (9,400 acres) with a buffer zone of 1,937 hectares (4,790 acres). The park was created under the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.[67]
MacArthur Landing Memorial National Park Palo, Leyte Leyte Eastern Visayas It was declared a national park on 12 July 1977 through Letter of Instructions No. 572 signed by President Ferdinand Marcos.[68]
Manila Ocean Park Ermita, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region
Mayon Volcano Natural Park Legazpi, Ligao and Tabaco Albay Bicol Region First protected as a National Park in 1938, it was reclassified as a Natural Park in the year 2000.[69]
Paco Park Paco, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region It was once Manila’s municipal cemetery built by the Dominicans. Dr. Jose Protacio Rizal, Philippine National Hero, was secretly interred at Paco Park after his execution at Bagumbayan on December 30, 1896, and was guarded for fifteen days by the Guardia Civil Veterana. His remains were exhumed on August 17, 1898 and on December 30, 1912 was laid underneath the monument dedicated to him at the Luneta as stated in the Park's marker.[70][71]
Quezon Memorial Circle Quezon City Metro Manila National Capital Region Its main feature is a tall mausoleum containing the remains of Manuel L. Quezon, the second official President of the Philippines and the first of an internationally recognized independent Philippines, and his wife, First Lady Aurora Quezon.[72]
Rizal Park Roxas Boulevard, Manila Metro Manila National Capital Region The park was a tribute to the Philippine's national hero, Jose Rizal, a doctor and novelist who was shot by firing squad at this site on December 30, 1896.[73]
Salinas Natural Monument Bambang, Kayapa and Aritao Nueva Vizcaya Central Luzon The park was established on 18 May 1914 as the Salinas Forest Reserve covering the Salinas Salt Springs and surrounding forest through Executive Order No. 44 signed by Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison. It was finally declared a natural monument in 2000 under the National Integrated Protected Areas System through Proclamation No. 275 by President Joseph Estrada.[74][75]
Star City CCP Complex, Pasay City Metro Manila National Capital Region

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Ronnel Domingo (June 22, 2009). "2 RP sites make it to 'must dive' list". Global Nation. 
  2. ^ "Apo Reef Natural park".  
  3. ^ "Banaue Rice Terraces: Facts and Figures". Philippine Statistics Authority. 
  4. ^ Jojo Malig (July 9, 2012). "Boracay named 2012 world's best island".  
  5. ^ "BORACAY named 2012 No.1 World’s Best Island". Boracay Live. July 16, 2012. 
  6. ^ Candice Lopez-Quimpo (February 13, 2014). "The Philippines' best beaches and islands".  
  7. ^ "El Nido named best Philippine beach".  
  8. ^ "Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World". Places to See in Your Lifetime. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Norbert Bermosa. "Top Ten Most Active Volcanoes in the Philippines". knoji.com. 
  10. ^ "The highest mountains in the Philippines". Pinoy Mountaineers. February 2, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Mount Apo in Davao - Philippines". Davao Board. 
  12. ^ "25 Highest Mountains in the Philippines". Tagalog Lang. 
  13. ^ "Pagudpud". Philippine Travel Destinations. 
  14. ^ "It's official: PPUR is among world's new wonders of nature".  
  15. ^ "Philippine Rice Terraces no longer in danger".  
  16. ^ "Longest mountain range".  
  17. ^ Tina Lim. "A Lake Within A Volcano Within a Lake Within a Volcano". Afar.com. 
  18. ^ "Bangui Windmills". Ilocandia Realtor. 
  19. ^ "Central Philippines University". Aral Dito. 
  20. ^ Tim Newcomb (August 31, 2011). "Building Bigger: World’s Largest Indoor Arena Set for the Philippines".  
  21. ^ Eva Visperas (October 5, 2014). "Sorry, Diosdado, but pilots prefer Clark".  
  22. ^ "Department of Tourism: Experience Philippines".  
  23. ^ "Department of Tourism: Things to do and see in Negros Oriental".  
  24. ^ Ambeth Ocampo (August 1, 2009). "Philippine Daily Inquirer: Looking Back. Summers at Teacher's Camp".  
  25. ^ "SM to put up its 4th largest mall".  
  26. ^ a b c "SM Megamall now PH’s largest mall".  
  27. ^ Germelina Lacorte (September 27, 2012). "Biggest mall in Mindanao opens in Davao City".  
  28. ^ "Tallest Building in the Philippines Gramercy Residences @ Century City,Makati City".  
  29. ^ Jose Victor Torres (January 27, 2011). "No contest: UST is oldest university".  
  30. ^ Nelles Verlag (February 2001). "Philippines". 
  31. ^ Chelsea Dauz (April 23, 2014). "Binondo: The world's oldest chinatown". When in Manila. 
  32. ^ "The Story of EDSA Shrine". edsashrine.com. March 11, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Vigan named as one of the New7Wonders". Editorial in Manila. 
  34. ^ "Journal of American Folklore". American Folk-lore Society. 
  35. ^ Manila Merchants' Association (October 15, 2007). "Manila, the Pearl of the Orient: Guide Book to the Intending Visitor". Bureau of printing. 
  36. ^ Norbert Bermosa. "Interesting Facts About the Malacañan Palace: Official Residence of the Philippine President". knoji.com. 
  37. ^ "The Idyllic Ancestral Home of the Mercados in Calamba". traveleronfoot. 
  38. ^ "National Shrine of Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage". healthypinoy.com. 
  39. ^ "National Shrine of Our Mother of Perpetual Help". healthypinoy.com. 
  40. ^ a b c d e Kim Luces (October 15, 2013). "From treasure to rubble: Heritage churches before and after the Bohol quake".  
  41. ^ "History of Barasoain Church".  
  42. ^ "RADIO MESSAGE OF PAUL VI ON THE FOURTH CENTENARY OF THE EVANGELIZATION OF THE PHILIPPINES".  
  43. ^ "Basilica of Our Lady of Charity". healthpinoy.com. 
  44. ^ Estanislao Caldez (June 15, 1999). "Piat Shrine: From lowly sanctuary to basilica". cagayano.tripod.com. 
  45. ^ "Basilica of Our Lady of Piat". healthpinoy.com. 
  46. ^ "Trivias about the Our Lady of Piat". philippine-trivia.com. 
  47. ^ "TAAL BASILICA, BATANGAS: Asia’s Largest Catholic Church". The Poor Traveler. April 29, 2012. 
  48. ^ "Taal Basilica (San Martin de Tours)". pamana.com. 
  49. ^ "MINOR BASILICA OF SAN LORENZO RUIZ IN BINONDO, MANILA". churchspottingandbeyond. 
  50. ^ "Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception". healthpinoy.com. 
  51. ^ "IOANNES PAULUS PP. II LITTERAE APOSTOLICAE QUOD IPSUM AEDES MANILENSIS ARCHIDIOECESIS PRINCEPS BEATAE VIRGINIS MARIAE SACRA SUB TITULO IMMACULATAE CONCEPTIONIS AD HONOREM ATTOLLITUR BASILICAEQUE DIGNITATEM MINORIS".  
  52. ^ "The Basilica of the Immaculate Conception (The Manila Cathedral)". healthpinoy.com. 
  53. ^ a b c d "Baroque Churches of the Philippines".  
  54. ^ "Basilica of the Immaculate Concepcion, Batangas City". Wow Batangas. June 19, 2009. 
  55. ^ "Manaoag Shrine elevated to Basilica". manaoagshrine.org. 
  56. ^ "Peñafrancia Basilica Minore and National Shrine". healthpinoy.com. 
  57. ^ "History of Quiapo Church". quiapochurch.com. 
  58. ^ "Paete Church: St. James the Apostle Parish". Laguna-Destinations. 
  59. ^ Francis Doral, ed. (2005). Insight Guides: Philippines. Singapore: Discovery Channel & APA Publications GmbH & Co. Verlag KG. p. 152. Near where Recto avenue becomes Mendiola Street is San Sebastian Church, reputedly the only prefabricated steel church in the world. 
  60. ^ "World Heritage: San Sebastian Church". Tentative List for the World Heritage List. UNESCO. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  61. ^ Layug, p. 88. "The basilica is the first and the only all-steel church in Asia, the second in the world after the Eiffel Tower of Paris (French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel himself is also rumored to have been involved in the basilica's construction) "
  62. ^ "Basilica of San Sebastian". healthpinoy.com. 
  63. ^ Jane Dacumos (August 3, 2012). "The Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion – Ilocos Sur". vigattintourism.com. 
  64. ^ Gracelyn A. Simon (November 10, 2012). "Sto. Domingo Church declared nat'l treasure".  
  65. ^ "Getting Married in Quezon: Walk in the Aisle of Tayabas Church". Wow Quezon. August 16, 2012. 
  66. ^ "Ang Sambayanang Kristiyano ng Basilica Menor ni San Miguel Arkanghel". tayabasbasilica.org. September 16, 2014. 
  67. ^ "PROTECTED AREAS IN REGION 1". Biodiversity Management Bureau. 
  68. ^ "LETTER OF INSTRUCTIONS NO. 572". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 
  69. ^ "Protected Areas in Region 5". Biodiversity Management Bureau. 
  70. ^ "Paco Park". National Parks development Committee. 
  71. ^ "Paco Park: Where history lies with the dead". Vera Filles. October 31, 2014. 
  72. ^ "THE CIRCLE OF SUCCESS: QUEZON MEMORIAL CIRCLE". circleofsuccessqmc. June 26, 2011. 
  73. ^ "Rizal Park". manila.ph. 
  74. ^ "Region 2 - Protected Areas". Biodiversity Management Bureau. 
  75. ^ "PROCLAMATION NO. 275 DECLARING THE SALINAS FOREST RESERVE AND DEER REFUGE SITUATED IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF BAMBANG, KAYAPA AND ARITAO, PROVINCE OF NUEVA VIZCAYA, ISLAND OF LUZON AS PROTECTED AREA PURSUANT TO REPUBLIC ACT 7586 (NIPAS ACT OF 1992) AND SHALL BE KNOWN AS SALINAS NATURAL MONUMENT" (PDF).  
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