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Lachin District

Lachin (Laçın) Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Lacin rayon
Population: (Soviet census, 1989) 47,339[1]
(Official Azerbaijani data by January 1, 2009) 72,000[2]
Area (km2.): 1,840
Zip Code: AZ4100

Lachin (Azerbaijani: Laçın, Kurdish: Laçîn) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. The capital is the city of Lachin. The region has been controlled by the breakway Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, as part of its Qashatagh Province, since the Nagorno-Karabakh War.

Upon the capture of Lachin rayon, Armenian forces forcefully displaced its entire Azeri and Kurdish population[3] and resettled the region with Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan, settlers from Armenia and ethnic Armenians from other countries apparently with promises of land, livestock and social benefits.[3][4] The main land-link between Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, known as the Lachin corridor, crosses its territory. The Lachin Kurdish Republic was briefly proclaimed in 1992 during the Nagorno-Karabakh War for Kurdish inhabitants.

In the first half of 2011, 300 Armenian families were settled in Lachin [5]

Kurdish autonomous district

Between 1923 to 1929,[6] Lachin was established as the Kurdistan Uyezd, an autonomous Soviet district.

References

  1. ^ Official census in USSR, 1989
  2. ^ "The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan.". Retrieved September 29, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Gutman, Roy; Rieff, David; Anderson, Kenneth (1999). Crimes of War: What the Public Should Know. W. W. Norton and Co. p. 358.  
  4. ^ EurasiaNet Eurasia Insight - Armenia’s Strategic Lachin Corridor Confronts a Demographic Crisis
  5. ^ "News.az". News.az. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011. 
  6. ^ (Russian) Russia and the problem of Kurds

External links

  • Demographic Crisis in Lachin
  • An eyewitness report of conditions in 2001
  • State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan Republic. Population of Azerbaijan
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