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Kw'adza language

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Title: Kw'adza language  
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Subject: Kw'adza people, South Cushitic languages, Hadza language, Girirra language, Dobase language
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Kw'adza language

Native to Tanzania
Region Mbulu District
Extinct late 20th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3 wka
Glottolog kwad1248[1]

Kw'adza (Qwadza) is an extinct Afroasiatic language formerly spoken in Tanzania in the Mbulu District. The last speaker died sometime between 1976 and 1999.[2] It is poorly attested, and apart from perhaps being close to Aasax, its classification is not certain; although it has a large number of identifiably Cushitic roots, the numerals itame 'one' and be'a ~ mbɛa 'two', for example, suggest a connection with Hadza.


The phonology is not certain, but the following has been suggested (Ehret 1980):

m n ɲ ŋ
b d ɡ ɡʷ
p t k ʔ
tsʼ tɬʼ tʃʼ kʼʷ
f s ɬ x h
β̞ dz l j

/ɡ/ and /l/ have the allophones [dʒ] and [ɽ] before front vowels. /tʃʼ/ is 'mildly' ejective. Ehret reports that /kʼ/ and /kʼʷ/ are voiced [ɡ, ɡʷ] if a preceding consonant is voiced.

Vowels are /a e i o u/.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.


  • Christopher Ehret, 1980. "Kw'adza vocabulary". ms.
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