Kollam railway station

"Quilon" redirects here. For other uses, see Quilon (disambiguation).
Kollam
കൊല്ലം Venad
Quilon
City

A view of Kollam
Nickname(s): Prince of Arabian sea
Kollam
Kollam

Coordinates: 8°53′N 76°36′E / 8.88°N 76.60°E / 8.88; 76.60Coordinates: 8°53′N 76°36′E / 8.88°N 76.60°E / 8.88; 76.60

Country India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Government
 • Mayor Prasanna Ernest
 • City Police Commissioner Debesh Kumar Behera IPS
Area
 • City 58.18 km2 (22.46 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 349,033
 • Density 5,936/km2 (15,370/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,110,005
Languages
 • Official Malayalam
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 691 0XX
Telephone code 91 (0)474
Vehicle registration KL-02
Sex ratio 1069 /
Website

Kollam or Quilon, an old sea port and town on the Laccadive Sea coast in Kerala, India, on the Ashtamudi Lake. Kollam, once called Desinganadu, had a sustained commercial reputation from the days of the Phoenicians and the Romans. Fed by the Chinese trade, it was regarded by Ibn Battuta, as one of the five ports which he had seen in the course of his travels during twenty four years, in the 14th century. Kollam District is a veritable Kerala in miniature is gifted with sea, lakes, plains, mountains, rivers, streams, backwaters, forest, vast green fields and tropical crops of every variety.

General Information

Kollam is a coastal city on the banks of the Ashtamudi lake that took on the title God's Own Country without much demur. The braids of Ashtamudi Lake lie about 71 kilometres (44 mi) north of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. The city hosts the administrative offices of Kollam district and is a prominent city of trade for the state.

History

An ancient trading town – trading with Romans, Chinese, Arabs and other Orientals – with historical citations of trade dating back to Biblical history to Red Sea ports of the Arabian Sea and the reign of Solomon (supported with a find of ancient Roman coins). Internal trade occurred through the Punalur Pass connecting the ancient town to Tamil Nadu. The overland trade by bullock cart of its produce pepper and the trade over the waterways connecting Allepey and Cochin ensured trade linakges that grew into shaping it as a town playing host to one of the earliest industrial townships. The rail links established to Tamil Nadu supported firmer trade links. The marine exports processing factories and the processing and packaging of cashewnuts took the produce of these shores across the globe. The State of Kerala is looking at trade to drive development that is environment friendly and sustainable.

Major Characteristics

Kollam is the fourth-largest city after Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, and Kozhikode, (The new population is taken as city agglomeration) in Kerala on the basis of population and the fifth-largest city on the basis of area after Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode and Thrissur. It is known for cashew processing and coir manufacturing. Ashtamudi Kayal (Ashtamudi Lake) is considered to be the southern gateway to the backwaters of Kerala and is a prominent tourist destination at Kollam. The Kollam urban area comprises the fast developing suburban towns such as Kottiyam in the south, Kundara in the east, and Chavara in the north of the city. Other important towns in the city suburbs are Paravur, Eravipuram, Kannanalore, and Anchalumoodu. Karunagapally, Chathannoor and Kottarakkara are major towns within a distance of 25 km from Kollam city centre towards north, south, and east respectively.

Kollam appeared as Palombe in Mandeville's Travels, where he claimed it contained a Fountain of Youth.[2][3] During the later stages of the rule of the Chera monarchy in Kerala, Kollam emerged as the focal point of trade and politics. Kollam continues to be a major business and commercial centre in the central Travancore region of Kerala.

Toponymy

The Malayalam calendar, or Kollavarsham, was created in Kollam at meetings held in the city in 825 CE.[4] The present Malayalam calendar is said to have begun with the founding of the town. Having been rebuilt after it was razed down, apparently by a fire. The name Kollam is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit word Kollam, meaning pepper.

History

Kollam was a flourishing port of the Chera Dynasty until the formation of the Venad kingdom, when it became the capital of the independent Venad kingdom. Before that, Kollam was considered one of the four early entrepots in the global sea trade around the thirteenth century, along with Alexandria and Cairo in Egypt, the Chinese city of Quanzhou, and Malacca in the Malaysian archipelago[5]

Kollam during Chera rule

Kollam shares fame with Pattanam (Muziris) as an ancient seaport on the Malabar Coast of India from the early centuries before the Christian era.

Kollam had a sustained commercial reputation from the days of the Phoenicians and Ancient Rome. Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD) mentions Greek ships anchored at Muziris and Nelcynda. There was also a land route over the Western Ghats. Spices, pearls, diamonds, and silk were exported to Egypt and Rome from these ports. Pearls and diamonds came to Chera Kingdom from Ceylon and the southeastern coast of India, then known as the Pandyan Kingdom.



Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek Nestorian sailor,[6] in his book the Christian Topography[7] who visited the Malabar coast in 550 AD, mentions an enclave of Christian believers in Male (Chera Kingdom). He wrote, "In the island of Tabropane (Ceylon), there is a church of Christians, and clerics and faithful. Likewise at Male, where the pepper grows and in the farming community of Kalliana (Kalliankal at Nillackal) there is also a bishop concecrated in Persia in accordance with the Nicea sunnahadose of 325 AD."[8] The Nestorian Patriarch Jesujabus, who died in 660 CE, mentions Kollam in his letter to Simon, Metropolitan of Persia.

In 825 AD, the Nestorian monks Mar Sabor (Abo) and Mar Proth arrived in Kollam on the invitation of the ruler of the Venad-a feudatory under the Chera kingdom.[9] The two monks received a Royal sanction called "Tarsish-a-palli" near "Korukenikollam" from Chera ruler Rajashekara varman Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal, as described on the Tharisapalli plates. Special privileges were given to the Ezhavas in the Tarisapalli sasanam. The two monks were instrumental in founding Christian churches with Syrian liturgy as Reference in the Malabar coast area distinct from ancient Vedic Shiv-ism propounded by Adi Shankara in the early 9th century AD among the Nampoothiri Vaishnavites & Nair Sub Castes. Mar Abo lived his last years at Thevalakkara, and his remains were buried there in the Martha Mariam Orthodox Church.

Kollam Port

Kollam sea port was founded by Mar Abo with sanction from Udayamarthandavarma the Tamil king from Venad otherwise called Ay kingdom in 825 AD instead of re opening the inland sea port(kore-ke-ni kollam) near Backare (Thevalakara) also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and The Greeks and Thondi to the Taamils and is also the foundation of the new city. It is also believed that Mar Abo actually volunteered to the Chera king to create a new sea port town near at Kollam instead of his request for renewing the almost vanishing Tyndis or Nelcynda inland sea port( kore-ke-ni) at Kollam, lying idle without trade for a few centuries because of the Cheras being overrun by Pallavas in the 6th century AD ending the spice trade from Malabar coast. This allowed Mar Abo to stay for many decades in Chera kingdom and streamline Christian faith among the Nampoothiri Vaishnavites &Nair sub castes in the St. Thomas tradition with Syrian liturgy as Reference for the Doctrine of Trinity without replacing the Sanskrit and Vedic prayers.

Kollam, the capital of Venad (9th to 12th centuries)

The Malayalam Era began in 825 AD; it is named 'Kolla Varsham' after Kollam, because of the importance of Kollam in the 9th century AD. Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal granted the Tharisapalli plates copper plate grants in 825 AD to Nestorian Monk Mar S(abo)r Iso whom he invited to Kollam, transferring to the Tarsish Church and the community in the St. Thomas tradition of Quilon.[10]

A merchant, Soleyman of Siraf of Persia, visited Malabar in the 9th century and found Quilon to be the only port in India used by the huge Chinese ships as their Transhipment hub for their goods on their way from China to the Persian Gulf. The rulers of Kollam (formerly called 'Desinganadu') had trade relations with China and exchanged embassies. According to the records of the Tang Dynasty (618 AD to 913 AD),[11] Quilon was their chief port of call before the 7th century AD. The Chinese trade decreased about 600 AD and was again revived in the 13th century.

In 1291, John of Montecorvino, a Franciscan monk, became a priest at Quilon. Friar Jordanus Catalani, who arrived in 1321, effected large-scale Latin Catholic conversions and was appointed Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon in 1329. Friar Jordanus built a church, called St. Georges Church, with the patronage of Nestorian spice merchants at Jona-ka-puram (the seat of Jordanus Catalani) in Kollam and wrote Mirabilia Descripta. However, after Giovanni de' Marignolli in 1353, this Latin church was converted to a Nestorian church by the Nestorian Christians, and when Portuguese arrived in 1498, only Nestorian Christianity existed in Kerala in a visible way.

Marco Polo, who visited China's Kublai Khan's court, travelled in 1292 through Kollam on his return journey to Venice, and gave an interesting account of the flourishing port of Kollam (Coilum, as he called it) and its trade relations inter connectivity with China in the east and Europe to the west. Chinnakada, (China-kada), the city center, was so named after the Chinese merchants. The increase in commercial activity resulted in establishment of a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam.

Kollam during Portuguese, Dutch and British conquests (16th to 18th centuries)


The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a trading center in Tangasseri, Kollam in 1502, which became the centre of trade in pepper. In the wars with the Moors/Arabs that followed, the ancient church (Temple) of St Thomas Tradition at Thevalakara was destroyed. In 1517, the Portuguese built the St. Thomas Fort in Thangasseri, which was destroyed in the subsequent wars with the Dutch. In 1661, the Dutch took possession of the city. The remnants of the old Portuguese Fort later renovated by the Dutch can be found at Thangasseri. In the 18th century, Travancore conquered Kollam, followed by the British in 1795. Thangasseri remains today as an Anglo-Indian settlement, though few Anglo-Indians remain. The Infant Jesus Church in Thangasseri, an old Portuguese-built church, remains as a memento of the Portuguese rule of the area.

Kollam as part of Travancore

Velu Thampi Dalawa of Travancore worked to improve Kollam. He helped build new markets and invited merchants and traders from Madras (now Chennai) and Tirunelveli to set up trade in Kollam. Kollam, to this day has a thriving business in cashew nuts, marine products,coir and spices.

The history of the district as an administrative unit can be traced back to 1835, when the state of Travancore consisted of two revenue divisions with headquarters at Kollam.

Kollam, revenue district of Kerala (1949 onwards)

At the time of the integrating of Travancore and Cochin districts in 1949, Kollam was one of the three revenue divisions in the state. Later these three revenue divisions were converted into districts. But Shencottah taluka was merged with Madras state consequent to the implementation of the States Reorganisation Act of 1956. Now the district has a single revenue division with its headquarters at Kollam Taluk Cutcherry.

Geography

Kollam city is bordered by the panchayaths of Neendakara and Thrikkadavoor to the north, Mayyanad to the south, Thrikkovilvattom and Kottamkara to the east and Laccadive Sea to the west. Ashtamudi lake is in the heart of the city. The city is about 63 km away from Pathanamthitta, 82 km from Alappuzha, 71 km from Thiruvananthapuram, 142 km from Kochi, 350 km from Kozhikode and 226 km from Thrissur.

Two major rivers in the district are Kallada and Ithikkara. Kallada River empties into Ashtamudi lake while Ithikkara River to Paravur Kayal. Jadayuppara, Palaruvi waterfalls are also important geographical attractions of the kollam district.

Climate

Climate data for Kollam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30.2
(86.3)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24.1
(75.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
26
(1.02)
53
(2.09)
147
(5.79)
268
(10.55)
518
(20.39)
381
(15)
248
(9.76)
209
(8.23)
300
(11.81)
208
(8.19)
51
(2.01)
2,427
(95.55)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1 2 4 8 11 21 19 16 12 12 8 3 117
Source: Weather2Travel

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[1] Kollam city has a population of 349,033 and a population density of 5900 persons per square kilometre. The sex ratio (the number of females per 1000 males) is 1112 during the census year of 2011. The district of Kollam ranks seventh with respect to the population in the state. District wise poulation in India-2011 census. The city of Kollam ranks fourth in terms of population in Kerala. Kollam has an average literacy rate of 93.77%,[12] higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 95.83%, and female literacy is 91.95% (district wise male female literacy rates in India-2011 census). In Kollam, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Malayalam is the most spoken language. Hindi, English and Tamil are also widely understood in the city.

Civic administration


Kollam City is a Municipal Corporation with elected Councillors from its 55 divisions. The Mayor elected from among the councillors generally represents the political party holding a majority. The Corporation Secretary heads the office of the Corporation. The present Mayor of Kollam Corporation[13] is Prasanna Earnest of the CPI(M). The police administration of the city falls under the City Police Commissioner from the IPS (Indian Police Service)cadre and he reports to the Inspector General of Police (IGP) Thiruvananthapuram Range. The police administration comes under the State Home Department of the Government of Kerala. Kollam City is divided into three sub divisions namely Karunagappally, Kollam and Chathannoor, each come under an Assistant Commissioner of Police. There is a City Traffic Police wing for controlling the road traffic of the city. The present Kollam City Police Commissioner is Debesh Kumar Behera IPS.

Transport

Rail

Kollam Railway Station is the second largest railway station in Kerala in terms of area after Shornur Junction with a total of 6 platforms.Kollam also boasts the longest railway platform in Kerala: which is more than 1 km long.Though the total length of Kollam Junction's PF-3&4 combined is around 1180 meters which is more than the length of the existing longest platform in the world (Kharagpur – 1072.5 meters), but the PF-3 side length is about 900m while the PF-4 side length is about 880m. In a single stretch the total length is 1180ms.[14] The metre gauge track from Kollam to Punalur was converted to broad gauge under project Unigauge and was inaugurated by the Hon. Minister for State for Railways, E. Ahmed, on 12 May 2010. The ThiruvananthapuramErnakulam (via Kottayam and Alappuzha) line passes through Kollam. Kollam has completely electrified railway tracks. Two railway lines passing through Kottarakkara (Chengannur -KottarakkaraThiruvananthapuram) and Punalur (Erumeli – PunalurThiruvananthapuram) have been proposed and are awaiting survey.

Kollam junction is remembered for the historic Kollam-Sengottai metre gauge line which linked the two states and became an important landmark in the relation of these two friends.However, the line is being converted to broad gauge and the people are to eager for travelling on this line, once it becomes functional and wins the hearts of many rail fans. Currently, the Kollam-Punalur line connects Killikollur, Chandanathope, Kundara, Kundara East Ezhukone, Kottarakara, Kuri, and Auvaneeshwaram. Passenger services run on this line and cater to the needs of students, Office-goers, traders, merchants and people from different sections of life.The Freight service have not been resumed because freight transport on Kollam-Sengottai line is more profitable and beneficial.Initially, there were complaints and protests regarding the time schedule and passenger care of these trains.Fortunately, these problems were solved and new services are also being run for traffic facilitation.As of now, there are four passenger trains from Kollam to Punalur and Fast Passengers from Punalur to Guruvayoor and Madurai. Once the gauge conversion on Punalur-Sengottai railway line is completed, Kollam junction will become a terminus and a crossing point for the trains which connect to the important cities like Sengottai,Tenkashi,Tirunelveli and Chennai. The route is completely charming as the beauty of western ghats can be appreciated here with the sight of marvellous structures like the 13-arch bridge in Thenmalai. This route will become an important line under the southern railways as the trains on this route can easily satisfy the age old trade relations between the two states and also carry the passenger traffic.Also, the tourism sector will increase proportionally as the rail line proves to be a cheap, fast and efficient means of transport for the tourists who come to enjoy the eco-tourism spots like Thenmalai.

Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit (MEMU) services have started from Kollam to Ernakulam via: Alappuzha and Kottayam from the 2nd week of January 2012.[15][16] A MEMU maintenance shed along with an upcoming Service building will change the face of Kollam Junction Railway Station.


Road

The city is connected to other parts of Kerala and India through the National Highways – NH 66 (Earlier NH 47), NH 183 (Earlier NH 220), NH 744 (Earlier NH 208) and other state PWD Roads and also by the Indian Railway Network. Road transport is provided by State owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and private transport bus operators. Road transport is also supported by private taxis and autorickshaws, also called autos.

Water

The State Water Transport Department operates boat services to West Kallada, Munroe Island and Alappuzha. Double decker luxury boats run between Kollam and Allepey daily. Luxury boats, operated by Government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. The West coast canal system, which starts from Thiruvananthapuram in the south and ends at Hosdurg in the north, passes through the city of Kollam and Karunagappally taluk. The Thiruvananthapuram-Shornur canal, which forms a part of the Thiruvananthapuram-Hosdurg system, runs a distance of about 62 km. The other canal systems include the Paravur Kayal, Kollam canal and Chavara canal.

Port

The Kollam Port (Thankasseri Port) is the second largest port in South Kerala after Cochin Port Trust, as of 2010. The port is undergoing infrastructural development. The port is located near the city of Kollam. Neendakara and Shakthikulangara are twin fishing harbours in Kollam. Neendakara is one of the busiest fishing harbours in South Kerala. Some port operations are carried out through Neendakara as well. The state government in 2012 has mooted the idea of carrying out the operations of the port through PPP basis. The project finds a mention under the state government's investor meet- Emerging Kerala.

Sea Plane

The First Sea Plane service of the Indian Mainland was officially launched on 2 June 2013 at Ashtamudi Lake. It will available for the tourists from August 2013.


Industries

Kollam, like other districts in the state, is moderately industrialised. Some of the major employers in the public sector are Indian Rare Earths Limited (IRE) at Chavara, Kerala Metals and Minerals Limited at Chavara, Kerala Primo pipe factory at Chavara (closed 3 decades ago); United Electrical Industries (popularly known as the Meter Company) and Parvathi Spinning at Kollam.

Kundara a satellite town of Kolam, one of the earliest industrial towns of Kerala, still has the now dysfunctional industrial unit of ALIND, and functioning units as KEL and Kerala Ceramics. The Kollam Technopark is coming up here in a Special Economic Zone to bring in cutting edge Nano and Information Technology to develop these industries here.

Cashew industry and board

Cashew processing and coir production are the two most important sources of employment in the private sector. Cashew processing and sorting employs a large share of women workers who manually shell, peel and sort cashews into different categories by size.The Headquarters of Cashew Export Promotion Council of India(CEPCI) is at Mundakkal, Kollam.[17] The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited (KSCDC),[18] Kollam, a Government Company, has 30 cashew factories and employs 20,000 people amongst which 95% is women from poverty sector. Another important source of employment is tile manufacturing using clay. It is expected that a Cashew Board[19] will be set up at Kollam by the Government of India for the development of Cashew field. Considering the import roll of Cashew at Kollam Government of India has declared Kollam as "Cashew Town of Export Excellence".

Notable events

Kollam Pooram, part of the Ashramam Sree Krishnaswamy Temple Festival, is the biggest cultural celebration in south Kerala. Kollam Pooram is usually held on 15 April, and occasionally on 16 April. The pooram is held at the Ashramam maidan.

Chittumala Theerthatanam is an annual march held on Thiruvonam, to promote communal harmony; it started in 1968. It starts from Munroe Island 25 km from Kollam and ends at Chittumala.

Edakkidom Shivarathri Edakkidom Thettikkunil Sree Mahadevi Temple Festival, is one of the biggest cultural celebrations in kollam .

Irupathiettam onamashtamudy ashtamudy veerabhadra swamy Temple Festival, Its celebrates on 28th day of onam The festival named "Irupathiettam onam", is one of the famous celebrations in kollam .

President's Trophy Boat Race[20] (PTBR) The PTBR is annual regatta held in Ashtamudi Lake in Kollam. It is one of the biggest boat race events and perhaps in the only sporting event in the country to offer the trophy sponsored by the President of India. The first edition of the event was inaugurated by the then President Prathibha Patil in September 2011. The event has been rescheduled from 2012. The second edition will be held on 1 November every year. All top snake boats in the region will partake in the race, which is perhaps second only to Nehru Trophy Boat Race in terms of participation and prize money.

Culture

Kollam, the capital of the erstwhile Venad, was a centre of learning and culture. It attracted distinguished scholars from all parts of South India. Leelathilakam and Unnuneeli Sandesam, two literary works of historical importance, are contributions of 14th-century Kollam. The dance form of Kathakali, in its new version of Ramanattam, was the creation of Kottarakkara Thampuran, who also translated Krishnanattam from Sanskrit to Malayalam.

Other notable figures are K. C. Kesava Pillai, a poet and playwright; he originated the musical play in Malayalam through his work Sadarma. His Kesaveeyam, a Mahakavyam, is of outstanding literary importance. Paravoor Kesavan Asan, the founding editor of Sujanandini, wrote Saratchandrika a study of Ayurvedic system of medicine.

Coming to modern times, Elamkulam Kunjan Pillai and Sooranad Kunjan Pillai, noted literary historians and poets like O. N. V. Kurup, Thirunalloor Karunakaran, Punaloor Balan, novelist and poet Lalithambika Antharjanam are some of the literary luminaries hailing from this district.

Leaders like T. M. Varghese, C. Kesavan, Kumbalathu Sanku Pillai, N. Sreekantan Nair, R. Sankar and C. M. Stephen who played prominent roles in shaping the socio-political destiny of the State, are also from this district. The district gave birth to well known freedom fighters like Chandiran Kali Ambi, Kadakkal Manthri and Franco Raghavan Pillai.

Places of worship

Temples

Asramam Sreekrishna Swamy temple is in the city where the annual Kollam pooram takes place (Kollam Pooram (Malayalam : കൊല്ലം പൂരം). It is one of the most colourful festivals of Kerala, which attracts large number of people from all parts of the State. The Kollam Pooram, organised in connection with the annual festival of the Asramam Sri Krishnaswamy Temple is held annually at the Asramam Maidanam in the month of April. The festival has now assumed the status of a national festival attracting tourists in large numbers. For the 'kudamattom', thirty tuskers are split into two groups of fifteen representing the Thamarakulam Sri Mahaganapathy Temple and the Puthiyakavu Bhagawathy Temple. The 'kudamattom' is held to the beats of a traditional 'melam'. The 'pooram' is followed by a spectacular show of fireworks chittumala temple in eastkalla

.


There are a number of temples, ashrams and holy sites in the city, including Sree Subramanya Swami Kshethram Poojappura, in Keralapuram near Kundara. The Mata Amritanandamayi Math is situated at Parayakadavu in this district, about 20 km from the Kollam. The Mukhathala Murari (Sree Krishna Swamy) Temple[21] at Mukhathala is about 10 km from the city. Umayanalloor Sree Balasubramanya Swamy(Lord Muruga)Temple about 8 km from Kollam. Sree Mahaganapathy temple at Kottarakara about 25 km from Kollam.

Other temples in the city include Puthiyakkavu Devi Temple, Thamarakulam Mahaganapathy temple, Kottarakulam Mahaganapathy temple, Mulamkadakom Devi temple, Rameswaram temple, Mahavishnu temple at Thirumullavaram, Ammachiveedu temple, Ashtamudi Veerabhadraswami temple, Pattathanam Ammannada temple, Dharmasastha temple at Kadappakkada, Peroor sree meenakshi temple at Punthalathazham,Mangalathu temple[22] at Punthalathazham,Puttingal temple at Paravur,[23] Edavanadu Bhagavathi Temple, Thrikkadavoor Mahadeva Temple, Kolloorvila Bharanikkavu Devi temple is located in Madannada, Pallimon Mahadeva Kshetram (temple), Pattazhy Devi Kshetram(temple), Unnikkicham Veedu Sree Krishna Swamy Temple,Ananthavalleeswaram Temple, Sree Dharma Shastha Temple at Nedumoncavu, Sree Veera Bhadraswamy Temple at Nedumoncavu, Edakkidom Thettikkunil Sree Mahadevi Temple, Uliyakkovil sree durga devi temple chittumala temple in eastkallada .

See the Kollam District page for other temples in the district.

Mosques

Some of the famous mosques are kottukadu juma masjid chavara, ochira juma masjid, shaik masjid karunagapally Valiyapalli at Jonakappuram, Chinnakada juma Masjid, Juma-'Ath Palli at Kollurvila, Juma-'Ath Palli at Thattamala, Muslim Juma-'Ath Palli at Karuva, Kalamala Palli at Kalamala, Muthirapparambu Palli at Muthirapparambu and Siyavathummodu Palli at Kilikolloor.

The 300-year-old Juma-'Ath Palli at Karuva houses the mortal remains of a Sufi saint-Syed Abdur Rahman Jifri in its premises.

The Karbala Maidan and the adjacent Makani mosque serves as the Eid gah for the city's. Muthirapparambu Palli is the most important masjid in Kollam District. This masjid is situated in Vellaitambalam. One of the olde st masjid in Kerala, the mosque was built by an Labba family. The Maqbara of Muthirapparambu Uppa is famous in this masjid. Many people, Muslims and non-Muslims, are visiting this maqbara. Other important places are Asthamudi, Thirumullavaram, Mamootilkadavu and Thoppilkadavu, which are located near this masjid. The place has beautiful backwaters, which connect it to Kollam and Allapuzha. Several famous temples and churches are situated in this area.[24][full citation needed]

Churches

The Apostle Thomas is said to have founded one of his "seven and a half churches" in the 1st century AD at Thevalakara near Kore keni Kollam was immersed in vedic vaishnavism till the 1599 udayamperoor sunnahadose , even after the shivite revival led by Adi shankara in the early 9th century AD with the Tarissapalli copper plates bestowed to Assyrian Monk Mar Abo by Vaishnavite saint & chera king Raja shekara Varma in 825 AD beginning the Malayalam calender

Thoppil St.Thomas Church,(Port Kollam)and St. Thomas Church,Kandachira,Perinad(now this church is re-constructed at Mangad-kollam.)

St.Thomas Mar Thoma Church,Nr.Ravi Verma Club,Thevalli.

St.John's Mar Thoma Church,Pattathanam,Kollam

St.Thomas Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, SanThom Nagar, Kollam[25]

  • St Antony Church, Koivila, Kollam
  • Kadeesa Syrian Orthodox Church, Jonakapuram, Kollam, originally founded by Fridal Jordams,first latin Bishop of Asia\st.thomas Mount
  • St. Peters Church Moothakara, Infant Jesus Shrine Moothakara is a pilgrim center located near Civil Station
  • Fathima Matha Shrine
  • St. George shrine, Kadavoor
  • St. Anthony's Church, Vaddy
  • The CSI Christ Church, Craven L.M.S, Kollam claims to have its roots in the London Missionary Society. This missionary society like other religious and philanthropic organisations which sprang into existence at the close of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries was the result of the evangelistic revival among the Ezhava & Nadar of Kerala
  • Infant Jesus Cathedral Thangasseri
  • St.Port Kollam Church, Port Kollam
  • St. Casmir Church,Kottayathukadavu,Kadavoor,Kollam
  • St. Sebastin church, Tuet, which is one of the pilgrim center located at kollam city. And Velankanni matha shrine is located at near the kollam bus station
  • Christ the king church, Kottappuram, Mulavana, Kollam
  • The Disciples Fellowship Church, Pattathanam, Kollam, a new generation church with English, Malayalam and Hindi services.
  • Our Lady of Dolours Church, Kannanalloor, Kollam
  • Our Lady of Immaculate Conception Church,Pullichira, Kollam
  • St. Michael's Latin Catholic church, Kumbalam
  • St.Thomas Latin Catholic Church, Sastham Cotta, Kollam.
  • Karmala Giri Latin Catholic Church, Karikuzhi, Kundara, Kollam.
  • Holy Family Latin Catholic Church,Kavanad,Mukkad,Kollam.
  • St. Joseph's Church, Padappakara

Personalities

  • Mata AmritandhaMayi ,world renowned Humanist
  • C.M.Stephen, First Congress Opposition Leader of India,Parliament -1977 (Loksabha)
  • Suresh Gopi, an actor working in the south Indian film Industry].
  • Mukesh, An actor working in the Malayalam film Industry.
  • A A Rahim, Former Governor of Meghalaya, India.
  • Balachandra Menon, actor, director and script writer in the Malayalam film industry.
  • Urvasi, South Indian film actress.
  • Kalpana, Malayalam film actress.
  • Kalaranjini, Malayalam film and television actress.
  • ONV Kurup. Famous poet
  • V Sambasivan Kathaprasangam
  • Gopakumar R P, Indian contemporary artist and Sedition art collector

See also

References

External links

  • The enhanced version of the Kollam Official website
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