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Kennedy School of Government

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Kennedy School of Government

Harvard Kennedy School
File:Harvard shield-Government.png
Established 1936
Type Private
Endowment US$1.1 billion
Dean David Ellwood
Academic staff 138
Students 1062
Location Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Campus Urban

The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (also known as Harvard Kennedy School and HKS)[1] is a public policy and public administration school, and one of Harvard's graduate and professional schools. It offers master's degrees in public policy, public administration, and international development, grants several doctoral degrees, administers executive programs for senior government officials, and conducts research in subjects relating to politics, government, international affairs, and economics.

The School's primary campus is located off of John F. Kennedy Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. The main buildings overlook the Charles River, southwest of Harvard Yard and Harvard Square, on the site of a former MBTA Red Line trainyard. The School is adjacent to the public riverfront John F. Kennedy Memorial Park.

Since 2004, the School's Dean has been David Ellwood, who is also the Scott M. Black Professor of Political Economy at HKS. Previously, Ellwood was an assistant secretary in the Department of Health and Human Services in the Clinton Administration.[2]


Graduate School of Public Administration

Harvard Kennedy School was originally the Harvard Graduate School of Public Administration (GSPA), and was founded in 1936 with a $2 million gift (equivalent to ~$30 million in 2010) from Lucius N. Littauer, a graduate of Harvard College.[3] The School drew its initial faculty from Harvard's existing government and economics departments, and welcomed its first students in 1937.

The School's original home was in the Littauer Center north of Harvard Yard, now the home of the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) Economics Department. The first students at the Graduate School were so-called "Littauer Fellows," participating in a one-year course listing which later developed into the school's mid-career Master in Public Administration program. In the 1960s, the School began to develop today's public policy degree and course curriculum in the Master in Public Policy program.

Renaming and move

In 1966, the School was renamed for President John F. Kennedy. By 1978, the faculty—notably presidential scholar and adviser Richard Neustadt, foreign policy scholar and later dean of the School Graham Allison, Richard Zeckhauser, and Edith Stokey—had orchestrated the consolidation of the School's programs and research centers in the present campus. Under the terms of Littauer's original grant, the current HKS campus also features a building called Littauer.

In addition to playing a critical role in the development of the School's modern era, Neustadt, who at the time served as the Assistant Dean, was also the founding Director of the Harvard Institute of Politics (IOP), created in 1966 in honor of President Kennedy.[4] The IOP has been housed on the Kennedy School campus since 1978, and today the Institute puts on a series of programs, speeches and study groups for Harvard undergraduates and graduate students. The John F. Kennedy, Jr. Forum in the new Littauer building is both the site of IOP forum events as well as a major social gathering place between HKS courses.


HKS courses

HKS courses[5] are divided into the following listing of policy areas:

In addition to offerings in the HKS course listing, students are eligible to cross-register for many courses at the other graduate and professional schools at Harvard. Students are also able to sample beyond the Harvard and HKS course listing at the MIT Sloan School of Management, at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, and at the MIT School of Architecture and Planning.

Areas and Faculty Chairs

In lieu of academic departments, the school divides the school and HKS course listing[5] into six areas, each headed by a faculty "area chair." The areas and chairs for HKS courses are:

  • Management, Leadership and Decision Sciences - Professor Mary Joe Bane
  • International Relations, Science, and Security - Professor William Clark
  • Democracy, Politics and Institutions - Professor Alexander Keyssar
  • International Development - Professor Asim Khwaja
  • Social and Urban Policy - Professor Jose Gomez-Ibanez
  • Markets, Business and Government - Professor Christopher Avery


Currently, Harvard Kennedy School offers four master's degree programs.[6] The Master of Public Policy (MPP) program focuses on policy analysis, economics, management in the public sector, and policy design.

There are also three separate Master in Public Administration (MPA) programs: a one-year "mid-career program" (MC/MPA), intended for professionals more than seven years from college graduation; a two-year MPA program intended for professionals that have an additional graduate degree and are more recently out of school; and a two-year International Development track (MPA/ID) focused on development studies, and with a strong emphasis on economics and quantitative analysis. Among the members of the mid-career MPA class are the Mason Fellows, who currently serve as public and private executives.

In addition to the master's programs, HKS also administers four doctoral programs. PhD degrees are awarded in Political Economy and Government, Public Policy, and Social Policy, in conjunction with the Departments of Government and Sociology in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, as well as in Health Policy, in conjunction with FAS and the Harvard School of Public Health.

Joint and concurrent degrees

The Harvard Kennedy School has a number of joint and concurrent degree programs, within Harvard and with other leading universities, which allow students to receive multiple degrees in a reduced period of time. Joint and current students spend at least one year in residence in Cambridge taking HKS courses. At Harvard, HKS joint degree programs are run with Harvard Business School and Harvard Law School, and concurrent programs are offered with Harvard Divinity School and Harvard Medical School.

Beyond Harvard, HKS has concurrent degree arrangements with other law, business, and medical schools. These include: MIT Sloan School of Management; Stanford Business School; Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College; The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania; Columbia Law School; Duke University School of Law; Georgetown University Law Center; New York University School of Law; Northwestern University School of Law; Stanford Law School; University of California, Berkeley School of Law; University of Michigan Law School; University of Pennsylvania Law School; Yale Law School; and UCSF Medical Center.[7]

MPP Policy Areas of Concentration

Students enrolled in the Master in Public Policy program select a major, called a Policy Area of Concentration, on which they focus their coursework, take a year-long research seminar in their second year, and prepare a master's thesis, called a Policy Analysis Exercise. These concentration areas are:

  • Business and Government Policy
  • Democracy, Politics and Institutions
  • International and Global Affairs
  • International Trade and Finance
  • Political and Economic Development
  • Social and Urban Policy


Harvard Kennedy School is home to 15 centers, several of which are located at HKS but University-wide.[8]

Notable current and former HKS faculty

Student life

There is an active student life at HKS. Most of the activities are centered around interest-driven student 'caucuses,' the student government (Kennedy School Student Government, known as KSSG), a student newspaper (The Citizen), student-edited policy journals, and a number of athletic groups.

Elections for HKS student government are among the most lively of the activities at the School. The KSSG is led by a President, Executive Vice President, functional Vice Presidents and Class Representatives. The KSSG is also responsible for overseeing the interest caucuses at the School.

The courtyard between the main Kennedy School buildings is a key attraction for students, who gather there to work on their assignments, have lunch, or relax. During the warmer months, the School frequently sponsors beer and barbecue events which give students the opportunity to socialize. During the colder months, "Quorum Calls" are held in one of the indoor atriums, to celebrate the end of each week of HKS courses with friends.


Harvard Kennedy School receives high rankings in the

HKS degree program alumni

Government and politics



  • Ahmad Ramli bin Mohd Nor (MPA '82) - Royal Malaysian Navy, Admiral; The 9th Chief of the Royal Malaysian Navy
  • John C. Acton, a retired United States Coast Guard rear admiral who serves as the Director of Operations Coordination for DHS.[31] Acton formerly served as Director of the DHS Presidential Transition Team.[32][33]
  • Christopher C. Ames (MPA '91) - U.S. Navy, Rear Admiral
  • Franklin J. Blaisdell - U.S. Air Force Major General
  • Michael E. Fortney - U.S. Air Force Brigadier General
  • Jeffrey Fowler (MPA '90) - United States Navy, Vice Admiral; Superintendent, United States Naval Academy
  • John C. Harvey (MPA '88) - United States Navy, Admiral; Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command
  • Robert C. Hinson - U.S. Air Force Lieutenant General
  • Charles Hooper (MPA '89) - U.S. Army General
  • William E. Ingram, Jr. - U.S. Army Lieutenant General and Director of the Army National Guard
  • Richard C. Johnston - U.S. Air Force Brigadier General
  • Andrew F. Krepinevich, Jr. (MPA '80) - United States Army, Lt. Col.; author of The Army and Vietnam
  • Rick Linnehan (MPA '09) - astronaut
  • Christopher Loria (MPA'04) - astronaut
  • Robert W. Parker - U.S. Air Force Major General
  • Rowayne A. "Wayne" Schatz Jr. (MPP '85) - U.S. Air Force Major General
  • Timothy S. Sullivan - U.S. Coast Guard Rear Admiral
  • Guy C. Swan III (MPA '86) - U.S. Army Major General, Commanding General of the Military District of Washington and Joint Force Headquarters National Capital Region
  • Jack Weinstein - U.S. Air Force Major General



  • Komla Dumor (MPA,'03) - television news presenter, BBC World News and Africa Business Report
  • Mark A. R. Kleiman (MPP, PhD '85) - author of Marijuana: Costs of Abuse, Costs of Control and Against Excess: Drug Policy for Results
  • Dambisa Moyo (MPA '07) - International Economist and New York Times best-selling author of Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is a Better Way For Africa
  • Bill O'Reilly (MPA '96) - political commentator
  • Stephen Sackur (Fellow '86) - host, BBC's HARDtalk
  • Andrew Sullivan (MPA, PhD '90) – journalist, The Atlantic Monthly




See also


External links

  • Harvard Kennedy School homepage
  • HKS course listing
  • Current semester HKS courses
  • Harvard Kennedy School Library

Coordinates: 42°22′17″N 71°07′20″W / 42.37145°N 71.12210°W / 42.37145; -71.12210

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