King Kapara (also Gabara) of Guzana (Tell Halaf) was the ruler of a small Aramaean kingdom of Bit Bahiani in the 10th or 9th century BC (Albright 1956 estimates ca. 950-875 BC). He built a so-called Bit-hilani, a monumental palace in Neo-Hittite style discovered by Max von Oppenheim in 1911, with a rich decoration of statues and relief orthostats.

In 894 BC, the Assyrian king Adad-nirari II recorded the site in his archives as a tributary Aramaean city-state. In 808 BC the city and its surrounding area was reduced to a province of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.


  • W. F. Albright, The Date of the Kapara Period at Gozan (Tell Halaf), Anatolian Studies, (1956).

External links

  • Orthostat relief: archer
  • Orthostat relief: hunting scene
  • Orthostat relief: wrestling scene
  • Orthostat relief: lion hunt
  • Orthostat relief: Gilgamesh between two bull-men supporting a winged sun disk
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