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Kambaata language

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Title: Kambaata language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Highland East Cushitic languages, Sidamo language, Jiiddu language, Tsamai language, Baiso language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kambaata language

Native to Ethiopia
Region southwest Gurage, Kambaata, Hadiyya Regions
Native speakers
890,000 (2007 census)[1]
Ethiopic, Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
Glottolog kamb1318[2]

Kambaata is a Highland East Cushitic language, part of the larger Afro-Asiatic family and spoken by the Kambaata people. Dialects are Kambaata, Tambaro, Alaba, and K'abeena. It is one of the official languages of Ethiopia. The language has a large number of verbal affixes. When these are affixed to verbal roots, there are a large amount of morphophonemic changes.[3] The language has SOV order (subject–object–verb). The phonemes of Kambaata include five vowels (which are distinctively long or short), a set of ejectives, a retroflexed implosive, and glottal stop.

The New Testament and some parts of the Old Testament have been translated into the Kambaata language. At first, they were published in the Ethiopian syllabary (New Testament in 1992), but later on, they were republished in Latin letters, in conformity with new policies and practices.


  1. ^ Ethiopia 2007 Census
  2. ^
  3. ^ Sim 1985, 1988.


  • Korhonen, Elsa, Mirja Saksa, and Ronald J. Sim. 1986. "A dialect study of Kambaata-Hadiyya (Ethiopia) [part 1]." Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 5: 5-41.
  • Korhonen, Elsa, Mirja Saksa, and Ronald J. Sim. 1986. "A dialect study of Kambaata-Hadiyya (Ethiopia), part 2: Appendices." Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 6: 71-121.
  • Sim, Margaret G. 1985. "Kambaata Verb Morphophonemics," The morphophonemics of five Highland East Cushitic languages including Burji. Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 2. Köln: Institut für Afrikanistik, Universität zu Köln. Pages 44–63.
  • Sim, Margaret. 1988. "Palatalization and gemination in the Kambaata verb." Journal of Afroasiatic Languages 1.58-65.
  • Treis, Yvonne. 2008. A Grammar of Kambaata - Part I: Phonology, Nominal Morphology and Non-verbal Predication. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

External links

  • Treis, Yvonne. 2006. "Form and Function of Case Marking in Kambaata."

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