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Kalimantan

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Title: Kalimantan  
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Subject: List of cities in Indonesia, Provinces of Indonesia, ISO 3166-2:ID, 2006 Southeast Asian haze, 1st parallel north
Collection: Greater Sunda Islands, Indonesia, Islands of Indonesia, Kalimantan
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Kalimantan

Kalimantan
Region
Country  Indonesia
Provinces Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, West Kalimantan
Cities Balikpapan, Banjarbaru, Banjarmasin, Bontang, Palangkaraya, Pontianak, Samarinda, Singkawang, Tarakan
Highest point Bukit Raya
 - location Schwaner Mountains
 - elevation 2,278 m (7,474 ft)
 - coordinates
Area 544,150 km2 (210,097 sq mi)
Population 14,944,742 (2014)
Density 27 / km2 (70 / sq mi)
Timezone Indonesia Central Time (UTC+8)
ISO 3166-2 ID-KA
License plate DA
KB
KH
KT
KU
Map of Kalimantan (light colour) and its component provinces.

In English, the term Kalimantan refers to the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo,[1] while in Indonesian, the term "Kalimantan" refers to the whole island of Borneo.[1]

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Area 2
  • Administration 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Etymology

The name Kalimantan which is often spelled Klemantan was derived from Sanskrit word: Kalamanthana which means "burning weather island", or island with a very hot temperature to describe its hot and humid tropical climate. It consists of the two words kal[a] (time, season, period) and manthan[a] (boiling, churning, burning). The word Kalamanthana is spelled Kalmantan, and then the indigenous people fixed it into Klemantan.[2]

Area

The Indonesian territory makes up 73% of the island by area, and 69.5% (13,772,543 at the 2010 Census of Indonesia) by population. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are of Brunei (400,000) and East Malaysia (5,625,000), the latter comprising the states of Sabah, Sarawak and the federal territory of Labuan. The region within Indonesia is also known as Indonesian Borneo.

Kalimantan's total area is 544,150 square kilometres (210,097 sq mi).[3]

Administration

Kalimantan is divided into five provinces:

Provinces in Kalimantan
Province Area (km2) Total population (2005 estimate) Total population (2010 census) Total population (2014 estimate) Provincial capital
West Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Barat)
147,307.00 4,042,817 4,393,239 4,546,439 Pontianak
Central Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Tengah)
153,564.50 1,913,026 2,202,599 2,368,654 Palangkaraya
South Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Selatan)
38,744.23 3,271,413 3,626,119 3,913,908 Banjarmasin
East Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Timur)
133,357.62 2,840,874 3,550,586 4,115,741 Samarinda
North Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Utara)
71,176.72 473,424 524,526 included in
total for Kalimantan Timur
Tanjung Selor
Total 544,150.07 12,541,554 14,297,069 14,944,742

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Kalimantan". Britannica. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  2. ^ "Central Kalimantan Province". archipelago fastfact. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Indonesia General Info". Geohive.com. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  4. ^ http://www.bps.go.id/tab_sub/view.php?kat=1&tabel=1&daftar=1&id_subyek=12¬ab=1
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