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Jnanpith

 

Jnanpith

Jnanpith Award
Award Information
Category Literature (Individual)
Description Literary award
in India
Instituted 1961
First awarded 1965
Last awarded 2012
Total awarded 53
Awarded by Bharatiya Jnanpith
First awardee(s) G. Sankara Kurup
Last awardee(s) Ravuri Bharadhwaja

The Jnanpith Award is a literary award in India. Along with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship,[1] it is one of the two most prestigious literary honours in the country.[2] The award was instituted in 1961. Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour. It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the The Times of India newspaper.

The Award

The name of the award is taken from Sanskrit words jnāna and pīṭha (knowledge-seat). It carries a cheque for INR11 lakh, a citation plaque and a bronze replica of Saraswati, the Indian goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts.[3]

Prior to 1982, the awards were given for a single work by a writer; since then, the award has been given for a lifetime contribution to Indian literature. Kannada and Hindi are the most award winners with 8 awards for Kannada as well for Hindi. But Nine individuals [Including the 2009 award which is being shared by two Hindi writers] writing in Hindi have been honoured with the award. Eight in Kannada, five in Bengali and Malayalam, four in Oriya and Urdu and three each in Gujarati, Marathi and Telugu and two in Assamese and Tamil.

Starting with the Bengali writer Ashapoorna Devi in 1976, seven women writers have won the award so far. The other recipients include Amrita Pritam (1981, Punjabi), Mahadevi Varma (1982, Hindi), Qurratulain Hyder (1989, Urdu), Mahasweta Devi (1996, Bengali), Indira Goswami (2000, Assamese) and Pratibha ray (2011, Oriya).

The award announcements have lately been lagging behind the award-years. The awards for the years 2005 and 2006 were announced on 22 November 2008, and were awarded to the Hindi writer Kunwar Narayan for 2005 and jointly to Konkani writer Ravindra Kelekar and Sanskrit scholar Satya Vrat Shastri for 2006.[4] Satya Vrat Shastri is the first Sanskrit poet to be conferred the award since its inception.[5] The awards for the 45th and 46th Jnanpith for the years 2009 and 2010 respectively, were announced on 20 September 2011.[6] The 45th award was jointly conferred on Hindi littérateurs Amar Kant and Sri Lal Sukla, and the 46th on the Kannada littérateur Chandrashekhara Kambara.[6] The 48th Jnanpith award for the year 2012 was announced on 17 April 2013 and was conferred to Telugu novelist, short-story writer and poet Ravuri Bharadhwaja for his overall contribution to Telugu literature.

Jnanpith Award recipients

Year Name Works Language Image
1965 G. Sankara Kurup Odakkuzhal (Flute) Malayalam
1966 Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay Ganadevta Bengali
1967 Kuppali Venkatappagowda Puttappa (Kuvempu) Sri Ramayana Darshanam Kannada
Umashankar Joshi Nishitha Gujarati
1968 Sumitranandan Pant Chidambara Hindi
1969 Firaq Gorakhpuri Gul-e-Naghma Urdu
1970 Viswanatha Satyanarayana Ramayana Kalpavrukshamu (A resourceful tree:Ramayana) Telugu
1971 Bishnu Dey Smriti Satta Bhavishyat Bengali  –
1972 Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Urvashi Hindi
1973 Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre Nakutanti (Four Strings) Kannada  –
Gopinath Mohanty Matimatal Oriya
1974 Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar Yayati Marathi
1975 P. V. Akilan Chitttrappavai Tamil
1976 Ashapurna Devi Pratham Pratisruti Bengali  –
1977 K. Shivaram Karanth Mookajjiya Kanasugalu (Mookajjis dreams) Kannada  –
1978 Sachchidananda Vatsyayan Kitni Navon Men Kitni Bar (How many times in how many boats?) Hindi  –
1979 Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya Mrityunjay (Immortal) Assamese  –
1980 S. K. Pottekkatt Oru Desathinte Katha (Story of a Land) Malayalam
1981 Amrita Pritam Kagaj te Canvas Punjabi
1982 Mahadevi Varma Yama Hindi
1983 Masti Venkatesha Iyengar Chikkaveera Rajendra (Life and struggle of Kodava King Chikkaveera Rajendra) Kannada  –
1984 Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai Kayar (Coir) Malayalam
1985 Pannalal Patel Maanavi Ni Bhavaai Gujarati  –
1986 Sachidananda Routray Oriya  –
1987 Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar (Kusumagraj) For his contributions to Marathi literature Marathi
1988 C. Narayana Reddy Viswambhara Telugu
1989 Qurratulain Hyder Akhire Shab Ke Humsafar Urdu
1990 V. K. Gokak (Vinayaka Krishna Gokak) Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi Kannada  –
1991 Subhas Mukhopadhyay Padatik (The Foot Soldier) Bengali  –
1992 Naresh Mehta Hindi  –
1993 Sitakant Mahapatra For outstanding contribution to the enrichment of Indian literature, 1973–92 Oriya
1994 U. R. Ananthamurthy For his contributions to Kannada literature Kannada
1995 M. T. Vasudevan Nair For his contributions to Malayalam literature Malayalam
1996 Mahasweta Devi Hajar Churashir Maa Bengali 80px
1997 Ali Sardar Jafri Urdu  –
1998 Girish Karnad[2] For his contributions to Kannada literature and for contributions to Kannada theatre (Yayati) Kannada
1999 Nirmal Verma Hindi
Gurdial Singh Punjabi  –
2000 Indira Goswami Assamese  –
2001 Rajendra Shah Gujarati  –
2002 D. Jayakanthan Tamil
2003 Vinda Karandikar For his contributions to Marathi literature Marathi  –
2004 Rehman Rahi[7] Subhuk Soda, Kalami Rahi and Siyah Rode Jaren Manz Kashmiri  –
2005 Kunwar Narayan[4] Hindi  –
2006 Ravindra Kelekar[4] Konkani  –
Satya Vrat Shastri[5][8] Sanskrit
2007 O. N. V. Kurup[9] For his contributions to Malayalam literature Malayalam
2008 Akhlaq Mohammed Khan 'Shahryar'[9] Urdu  –
2009 Amar Kant[6] Hindi  –
Sri Lal Sukla[6] Hindi  –
2010 Chandrashekhara Kambara[6] For his contributions to Kannada literature Kannada  –
2011 Pratibha Ray[10] Oriya
2012 Ravuri Bharadhwaja[11] For his notable contribution to Telugu literature Telugu

References

External links

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