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Jönköping

Jönköping
Collage of Jönköping
Collage of Jönköping
Coat of arms of Jönköping
Coat of arms
Jönköping is located in Sweden
Jönköping
Coordinates:
Country Sweden
Province Småland
County Jönköping County
Municipality Jönköping Municipality
City status 1284
Area[1]
 • City 44.82 km2 (17.31 sq mi)
Elevation 104 m (341 ft)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • City 61,559
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
 • Metro 93,662
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 551 xx
Area code(s) (+46) 36
Vehicle registration 1544
Website .se.jonkopingwww

Jönköping (Swedish pronunciation: ;   ) is a city in southern Sweden with 61,559 inhabitants (2013). Jönköping is situated by the southern end of Sweden's second largest lake, Vättern. The original town Jönköping has grown together with twin city Huskvarna (population 23,033) and suburb Norrahammar-Hovslätt (population 9,070), forming a contiguous urban area, with 93,662 inhabitants in 2013.

The city is the seat of Jönköping Municipality which has a population of 130,798 (2013) and is Sweden's 10th populous municipality. Jönköping is also the seat of Jönköping County which has a population of 341 235 (2013). Jönköping is the seat of a district court and a court of appeal as well as the Swedish National Courts Administration. It is the seat of the Swedish Board of Agriculture.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Present 2
  • Demography 3
  • Notable people 4
  • Education 5
  • Climate 6
  • Sport 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

The Sofia Church in Jönköping, Neo-Gothic style, 1888

Jönköping is an old trading center (Köping), since it was on a crossroad for the roads following along the rivers Nissan and Lagan, and the road between the provinces Östergötland and Västergötland. This was rather natural due to the geographical position of the city at the southern end of lake Vättern, which divided the two counties.

On 18 May 1284, Jönköping received rights as a City in Sweden as one of the first communities in the country, by King Magnus Ladulås, who largely ruled the nation from Vättern's largest island Visingsö. In the name of the city "Jön-" is derived from a creek, "Junebäcken", which was in the nowadays western part of the city, Talavid. This was the location of the first known settlement in the area. The second part of the name "-köping", as mentioned above, is an old word for a trading center or market place.

However, the geographical position of the city left it vulnerable to foreign attacks, mainly from the Danes, coming from the south with the river roads. At that time, the provinces of what is today southern Sweden — Scania, Halland and Blekinge — belonged to Denmark. Consequently, the city was plundered and burned several times, until a fortification was built in the 16th and 17th century.

Jönköping was known for its matchstick industry between 1845-1970.[3] Today it is an important Nordic logistical center, with many companies' central warehouses (like Elkjøp, IKEA, Electrolux and Husqvarna).

Present

The urban area of Jönköping today includes the eastern industrial town of Huskvarna, with which it has grown together.

A major fair and exhibition center, Elmia, is in Jönköping, with fairs including Elmia Wood, the world’s largest forestry fair. Elmia’s fairs are the biggest of their kind in Europe for subcontractors, trucks, caravans and railways. Since 2001, Elmia has been the site of the world's largest LAN party, DreamHack with two events every year, Dreamhack Summer and Dreamhack Winter.

Demography

Notable people

Education

Climate

Jönköping's climate was humid continental (Köppen Dfb) bordering on subarctic with long, cold winters and short, warm summers during the 1961-1990 period. However, the window between subarctic and oceanic are very small in this marine-influenced climate type, and in recent years the climate has more resembled very cold oceanic.

Climate data for Jönköping 2002-2014; precipitation 1961-90; extremes since 1901
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
12.9
(55.2)
18.7
(65.7)
26.3
(79.3)
28.6
(83.5)
33.2
(91.8)
33.4
(92.1)
33.3
(91.9)
26.8
(80.2)
21.4
(70.5)
14.1
(57.4)
12.6
(54.7)
33.4
(92.1)
Average high °C (°F) 0.0
(32)
0.4
(32.7)
4.5
(40.1)
10.3
(50.5)
15.9
(60.6)
19.3
(66.7)
21.8
(71.2)
20.2
(68.4)
16.2
(61.2)
9.6
(49.3)
5.0
(41)
1.4
(34.5)
10.3
(50.5)
Average low °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−5.5
(22.1)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.2
(39.6)
7.7
(45.9)
10.9
(51.6)
10.1
(50.2)
6.6
(43.9)
2.7
(36.9)
0.2
(32.4)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.9
(35.4)
Record low °C (°F) −33.0
(−27.4)
−35.4
(−31.7)
−30.0
(−22)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−7.2
(19)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.2
(32.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
−7.3
(18.9)
−13.3
(8.1)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−35.4
(−31.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.9
(1.728)
30.0
(1.181)
35.6
(1.402)
34.6
(1.362)
44.3
(1.744)
50.4
(1.984)
70.6
(2.78)
61.5
(2.421)
69.1
(2.72)
57.2
(2.252)
56.2
(2.213)
48.3
(1.902)
601.8
(23.693)
Source #1: SMHI Average Data 2002-2014[4]
Source #2: SMHI Precipitation Averages 1961-1990[4]
Panorama of central Jönköping

Sport

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the country, counties and municipalities by sex and age".  
  2. ^ "Swedish Board of Agriculture – How to find our headquarters". Swedish Board of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-06-21. 
  3. ^ Ohlsen, Becky; Kaminski, Anna; Lundgren, K (June 1, 2012). Lonely Planet Sweden (5th ed.). Lonely Planet.  
  4. ^ a b "Monthly & Yearly Statistics". SMHI. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 

External links

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