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International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service

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Title: International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service  
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Language: English
Subject: Coordinated Universal Time, Leap second, Sidereal time, Time transfer, ΔT
Collection: Astronomy Organizations, Geodesy, Standards Organizations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service

The International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS), formerly the International Earth Rotation Service, is the body responsible for maintaining global time and reference frame standards, notably through its Earth Orientation Parameter (EOP) and International Celestial Reference System (ICRS) groups.


  • History 1
  • Function 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The IERS was established in its present form in 1987 by the International Astronomical Union and the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, replacing the earlier International Polar Motion Service (IPMS) and the Earth rotation section of the Bureau International de l'Heure (BIH). The service began operation on January 1, 1988. Since its inception, the IERS has established new bureaus including the GPS Coordinating Centre in 1990, the DORIS Coordinating Centre in 1994 and the GGF Coordinating Centre in 1998. The organization was formerly known as International Earth Rotation Service until 2003 when it formally changed its name to its present form, in which the organization chose to retain the acronym IERS.


The IERS has various components located in the United States, Europe and Australia. Among its other functions, the IERS is responsible for announcing leap seconds.

The Sub-bureau for Rapid Service and Predictions of Earth Orientation Parameters of the IERS, located at the United States Naval Observatory, monitors the Earth's rotation. Part of its mission involves the determination of a time scale based on the current rate of the rotation of the Earth. Other services of IERS are at the Paris Observatory.

UT1 is the non-uniform time defined based on the Earth's rotation.

It defined the IERS Reference Meridian, the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS), and subsequent International Terrestrial Reference Frames (ITRF). Related coordinate systems are used by satellite navigation systems like GPS and Galileo: WGS84 and GTRF.

See also


  • Altamimi, Zuheir; Collilieux, Xavier (2013) Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences Berlin; New York: Springer ISBN 3642329985, pg 57.
  • Gupta, Harsh K. (2011) Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics Springer ISBN 904818701X, pg 128.
  • McCarthy, Dennis D.; Seidelmann, P. Kenneth (2009) Time: From Earth Rotation to Atomic Physics John Wiley & Sons ISBN 3527627952, pg 290.

External links

  • Official website
  • Earth Orientation Center of the IERS : data and interactive analysis (Paris Observatory)
  • International Celestial Reference Frame of the IERS
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