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Idukki district

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Title: Idukki district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of hill stations in India, Pathanamthitta district, Thodupuzha, Ernakulam district, List of dams and reservoirs in India
Collection: Districts in India, Districts of Kerala, Idukki District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Idukki district

Anamudi Peak
Anamudi Peak
Idukki is located in Kerala
Country  India
State Kerala
Headquarters Painavu
 • Collector V.Ratheesan IAS
 • Total 4,479 km2 (1,729 sq mi)
Elevation 1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,108,974
 • Density 259/km2 (670/sq mi)
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-KL-IDU
Vehicle registration KL-06(Idukki),KL-37(Vandipperiyar),KL-38(Thodupuzha),KL-68(Adimaly),KL-69(Udumbanchola) (KLI{Old}).
Website .in.nic.idukkiwww

Idukki is one of the 14 districts of Kerala state, India.[1] Created on 26 January 1972, at that time the district headquarters was at Kottayam before it was moved to Painavu in June 1976.


  • Etymology 1
  • Geography 2
  • Administrative divisions 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Places of interest 5
    • Munnar 5.1
    • Marayur 5.2
    • Thattekad Bird Sanctuary 5.3
    • Eravikulam Wild Life Sanctuary 5.4
    • Protected areas 5.5
  • Cities and towns 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


The name of the district is derived from the Malayalam/Tamil word Idukku ( ഇടുക്ക് ), meaning narrow gorge.


Idukki has an area of 4,479 km2 (1,729 sq mi) and is the second largest District of Kerala (the largest being Palakkad). Rugged mountains and forests cover about 97 percent of the total area of the District. The district borders the Kerala districts of Pathanamthitta to the south, Kottayam to the southwest, Ernakulam to the northwest and Thrissur to the north and Coimbatore, Dindigul and Theni Districts in Tamil Nadu to the east. The district is accessible only by road. Rail and Airlink is not available. National Highway NH 49 and State highways 13 and 33 passes through the district. [2]

Scenic view of Idukki Reservoir.


Administrative divisions

Idukki District is divided into eight community development blocks (block panchayats).[3] The community development blocks are further divided into talukas. The blocks are:[4]

  • Adimaly Block with
    • Pallivasal grama panchayat
    • Adimaly grama panchayat (Mannamkandam)
    • Vellathooval grama panchayat
    • Bysonvalley grama panchayat
    • Konnathady grama panchayat
  • Azhutha Block with
    • Elappara grama panchayat
    • Kokkayar grama panchayat
    • Kumily grama panchayat
    • Peerumedu grama panchayat
    • Peruvanthanam grama panchayat
    • Vandiperiyar grama panchayat
  • Devikulam Block with
    • Chinnakkanal grama panchayat
    • Edamalakudy grama panchayat
    • Kanthalloor grama panchayat
    • Mankulam grama panchayat
    • Marayoor grama panchayat
    • Munnar grama panchayat
    • Santhanpara grama panchayat
    • Vattavada grama panchayat
  • Elamdesom Block with
    • Alakode grama panchayat
    • Karimannoor grama panchayat
    • Kodikulam grama panchayat
    • Kudayathoor grama panchayat
    • Udumbannoorgrama panchayat
    • Vannappuramgrama panchayat
    • Velliamattomgrama panchayat
  • Idukki Block with
    • Arakkulam grama panchayat
    • Kamakshy grama panchayat
    • Kanjikuzhy grama panchayat
    • Mariapuram grama panchayat
    • Vathykudy grama panchayat
    • Vazhathoppu grama panchayat
  • Kattappana Block with
    • kattappana municipality
    • Ayyappankoil grama panchayat
    • Chakkupallam grama panchayat
    • Erattayar grama panchayat
    • Kanchiyar grama panchayat
    • Kattappana grama panchayat
    • Upputhara grama panchayat
    • Vandanmedu grama panchayat
  • Nedumkandam Block with
    • Karunapuram grama panchayat
    • Nedumkandam grama panchayat
    • Pampadumpara grama panchayat
    • Rajakkad grama panchayat
    • Rajakumary grama panchayat
    • Senapathy grama panchayat
    • Udumbanchola grama panchayat
  • Thodupuzha Block with


According to the 2011 census Idukki district has a population of 1,107,453.[5] This ranks it as 416th among the 640 districts of India. The district has a population density of 254 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was −1.93%. Idukki has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 92.2 per cent.[5]

Places of interest


Munnar was the summer resort of the British Government in the south. The town is situated at the convergence of three mountain streams namely Muthirappuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. Munnar has some of the largest tea plantations in the world. This hill station, which is more than 5000 feet above sea level, is a well-known tourist attraction noted for its scenic and picturesque landscapes.


Marayur is a remote village on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. The relics of new stone-age civilisation has been unearthed here. It has ancient stone cabins, called 'Muniyaras', and is the only place in Kerala having natural growths of sandal wood trees.

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary lies on the northern bank of the Periyar river. The sanctuary is about 25 km2 (10 sq mi). The bird sanctuary is the first of its kind in Kerala and is famous for its variety of bird species. The renowned ornithologist Dr. Salim Ali and his efforts are behind the formation of this sanctuary. This sanctuary is 80 km. from Cochin. Important birds found here include falcon, jungle fowl, water hen, hornbill etc. The flora of this area consists mainly of plantations of teak, rosewood, mahogany etc.

Eravikulam Wild Life Sanctuary

Eravikulam is another wild life sanctuary proclaimed as a National Park. It supports the largest population of Nilgiri tahr in the world. Anamudi peak is on the southern part of this park. Most of the park is grassland and the average altitude is more than 5000 meters above Sea level. Heavy rain and gushing winds makes the area inaccessible during the monsoon season. The famous Neelakurinji (Strobilanthes kunthiana) grows here. It has a flowering cycle of 12 years.[6]

Protected areas

This district has several protected areas including: Periyar Tiger Reserve in the south, Kurinjimala Sanctuary to the east, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary to the northeast, Eravikulam National Park and Anamudi Shola National Park to the north, Pampadum Shola National Park to the south and Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in the west. These protected areas are well known for several threatened and endemic species including tiger, Nilgiri tahr, grizzled giant squirrel, Nilgiri wood-pigeon, elephant, gaur, sambar deer, purple frog and neelakurinji.[7][8]

Cities and towns

Among the cities and towns in Idukki District are:[9]


  1. ^ Idukki District (Variant - V) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ a b "Tourist Map of Idukki District". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Block Panchayats of Idukki, Kerala". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. 
  4. ^ "Idukki Zilla Panchayat". Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Information and Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala". 
  7. ^ Government of Kerala, Forest and Wildlife Department, Notification No. 36/2006 F&WLD (6 October 2006) retrieved 5/12/2007 Kerala Gazette
  8. ^ Roy, Mathew (25 September 2006). "Proposal for Kurinjimala sanctuary awaits Cabinet nod". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 December 2007. 
  9. ^ "Idukki District (map)". Archived from the original on 31 March 2015. 

External links

  • Official Idukki District website
  • Human Development Index (HDI) and Gender Development Index (GDI)
  • Idukki district at DMOZ
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