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Huangdom of Pangasinan

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Title: Huangdom of Pangasinan  
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Subject: History of the Philippines, History of Luzon, Pangasinan, History of Pangasinan, History of the Philippines (900–1521)
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Huangdom of Pangasinan

Pangasinan or Feng-chia-hsi-lan [1] in Chinese records, was a sovereign Prehispanic Philippine state, notable for having traded with the Kingdom of Ryukyu, Japan and was a tributary state to Ming China and specialized in the export of Torquise shells, horses and silver. The Chinese records of this kingdom began when the first tributary King (Huang in Chinese), Kamayin, sent an envoy offering horses and silver to the Chinese Emperor. The state occupies the current province of Pangasinan. It was locally known the Luyag na Kaboloan (also spelled Caboloan), with Binalatongan as its capital, existed in the fertile Agno River valley. Around the same period, the Srivijaya and Majapahit empires arose in Indonesia that extended their influence to much of the Malay Archipelago. Urduja, a legendary woman warrior, is believed to have ruled in Pangasinan around the 14th century. The Luyag na Kaboloan expanded the territory and influence of Pangasinan to what are now the neighboring provinces of Zambales, La Union, Tarlac, Benguet, Nueva Ecija, and Nueva Vizcaya. Pangasinan enjoyed full independence until the Spanish conquest.

In the sixteenth-century Pangasinan was called the "Port of Japan" by the Spanish. The locals wore native apparel typical of other maritime Southeast Asian ethnic groups in addition to Japanese and Chinese silks. Even common people were clad in Chinese and Japanese cotton garments. They also blackened their teeth and were disgusted by the white teeth of foreigners, which were likened to that of animals. Also, used porcelain jars typical of Japanese and Chinese households. Japanese-style gunpowder weapons were also encountered in naval battles in the area.[2] In exchange for these goods, traders from all over Asia would come to trade primarily for gold and slaves, but also for deerskins, civet and other local products. Other than a notably more extensive trade network with Japan and China, they were culturally similar to other Luzon groups to the south.

The Chinese Pirate Warlord, Limahong briefly invaded this Huangdom after his failure in the Battle of Manila (1574) and he then set-up his pirate enclave full of Wokou (Japanese and Chinese Pirates) in Pangasinan. Nevertheless, the Mexico-born Juan de Salcedo and his force of Latino, Visayan and Tagalog soldiers then assaulted and destroyed the pirate-kingdom, liberated the Pangasinan people and then incorporated the Huangdom of Pangasinan to Spanish-Philippines.

Ruler Events From Until
Kamayin Tribute of silver and horses to China 1406 1408
Taymey Embassy to China formally established 1408 1409
Liyu 1409 ?
Chinese Emperor holds a banquet in honor of Pangasinan December 11, 1411
Warrior-Princess Udaya The Huangdom enjoys prosperity 1500s
Chinese Warlord Limahong Pangasinan is sacked and a pirate-enclave is established 1575
Conquistador Juan de Salcedo Pirates were repulsed and Pangasinan is incorporated into the Spanish Empire 1575-1576
Pre-hispanic History of the Philippines
Barangay government
Ten datus of Borneo
States in Luzon
Huangdom of Pangasinan
Huangdom of Ma-i
Kingdom of Maynila
Kingdom of Namayan
Kingdom of Tondo
States in the Visayas
Kedatuan of Madja-as
Rajahnate of Cebu
States in Mindanao
Rajahnate of Butuan
Sultanate of Sulu
Sultanate of Maguindanao
Sultanate of Lanao
Key figures
Sulaiman II · Lakan Dula · Sulaiman III · Katuna
Tarik Sulayman · Tupas · Kabungsuwan · Kudarat
Humabon · Lapu-Lapu · Alimuddin I
History of the Philippines
Portal:Philippines

Notes

  1. ^ William Henry Scott (1983). "The fact that Chief Kamayin's name is transliterated by the Chinese characters for "excellent," "horse," and' "silver" led Berthold Laufer in his 1907 "The relations of the Chinese to the Philippines" to list horses and silver among the Pangasinan gifts (Historical Bulletin 1967 reprint, Vol. 11, p. 10); this error was carelessly copied by Wu Ching-hong in his 1962 "The rise and decline of Chuanchou's international trade" (Proceedings of the Second Conference of the International Association of Historians of Asia, p. 477), whence it passed into more than one Philippine text, but was not repeated by Wu himself in his later works.Laufer also refers to a Philippine embassy led by a "high official called Ko-ch'a-lao" whom no other scholar has been able to locate and whom Beyer identifies as a "Chinese governor appointed for the island of Luzon" (op. cit., loc. cit.)." (PDF). Guttenburg Free Online E-books 1: 8. 
  2. ^ Scott, William Henry (1994). Barangay. Manila Philippines: Ateneo de Manila University Press. p. 187. 
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